New and Emerging Specs and Standards (March 2020)

What You'll Want to Know!

ISO/IEC TS 23167:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF TS 23167] Information technology — Cloud computing — Common technologies and techniques
Technical Committee: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 38 Cloud Computing and Distributed Platforms
"This document provides a description of a set of common technologies and techniques used in conjunction with cloud computing. These include: virtual machines (VMs) and hypervisors; containers and container management systems (CMSs); serverless computing; microservices architecture; automation; platform as a service systems and architecture; storage services; security, scalability and networking as applied to the above cloud computing technologies."

ISO/IEC 22624:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF 22624] Information technology — Cloud computing — Taxonomy based data handling for cloud services
Technical Committee: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 38 Cloud Computing and Distributed Platforms
"This document describes a framework for the structured expression of data-related policies and practices in the cloud computing environment, based on the data taxonomy in ISO/IEC 19944; provides guidelines on application of the taxonomy for handling of data based on data subcategory and classification; covers expression of data-related policies and practices including, but not limited to data geolocation, cross border flow of data, data access and data portability, data use, data management, and data governance; describes how the framework can be used in codes of conduct for practices regarding data at rest and in transit, including cross border data transfer, as well as remote access to data; provides use cases for data handling challenges, i.e. control, access and location of data according to ISO/IEC 19944 data categories. This document is applicable primarily to cloud service providers, cloud service customers (CSCs) and cloud service users, but also to any person or organization involved in legal, policy, technical or other implications of taxonomy-based data management in cloud services."

ISO/IEC TR 23188:2020 [ISO/IEC TR 23188] Information technology — Cloud computing — Edge computing landscape
Technical Committee: ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 38 Cloud Computing and Distributed Platforms
"This document examines the concept of edge computing, its relationship to cloud computing and IoT, and the technologies that are key to the implementation of edge computing. This document explores the following topics with respect to edge computing: concept of edge computing systems; architectural foundation of edge computing; edge computing terminology; software classifications in edge computing, e.g. firmware, services, applications; supporting technologies, e.g. containers, serverless computing, microservices; networking for edge systems, including virtual networks; data, e.g. data flow, data storage, data processing; management, of software, of data and of networks, resources, quality of service; virtual placement of software and data, and metadata; security and privacy; real time; mobile edge computing, mobile devices."

ISO/IEC 23736-1:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF 23736-1] Information technology — Digital publishing — EPUB 3.0.1 — Part 1: Overview
ISO/IEC 23736-2:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF 23736-2] Information technology — Digital publishing — EPUB 3.0.1 — Part 2: Publications
ISO/IEC 23736-3:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF 23736-3] Information technology — Digital publishing — EPUB 3.0.1 — Part 3: Content documents
ISO/IEC 23736-4:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF 23736-4] Information technology — Digital publishing — EPUB 3.0.1 — Part 4: Open container format
ISO/IEC 23736-5:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF 23736-5] Information technology — Digital publishing — EPUB 3.0.1 — Part 5: Media overlays
ISO/IEC 23736-6:2020 [ISO/IEC PRF 23736-6] Information technology — Digital publishing — EPUB 3.0.1 — Part 6: Canonical fragment identifiers
Technical Committee: ISO/IEC JTC 1 Information technology
Minor maintenance update to EPUB 3.0; see also

ONIX for Books Update
ONIX Application Notes
"EDItEUR has published a number of new Application Notes, extended notes on specific aspects of ONIX that focus on specific areas of implementation and best practice. The most recent provides a step-by-step guide to XML validation of ONIX messages, from the most basic DTD checks to using the latest ‘strict’ XSD schema. All the Application Notes can be downloaded from the the EDItEUR website."
ONIX news in brief
"[…] Amazon has announced that all existing ONIX 2.1 data feeds will need to be switched to ONIX 3.0 before the end of this year. This applies globally and to all physical products, and Amazon has indicated that deadlines for digital products will follow soon after. For those data suppliers with access to Vendor Central, it has launched a self-service tool to enable ONIX data suppliers to switch their own data feed. […] The first ISBNs beginning 979 have now been issued by the US ISBN Agency (joining Korea, France and Italy, which have been using 979 ISBNs for some time), and may enter the supply chain at any time. The new US ranges begin 979-8-."


EDItEUR Report on Thema 1.4 Progress
"The Thema v1.4 working group has been hard at work and meeting regularly since the summer of 2019, to consider and review all and any proposals for additions or changes to the current Thema subject categories. [...] This revision process has added relatively few new core subject categories, but has proposed an extensive set of modifications, both to the headings themselves and to the notes associated with many of the categories. These revisions come from questions that have been asked about usage of particular Thema categories, about categorisation of a particular title, or from feedback provided by groups that have translated Thema. All the proposed modifications are intended to help users by improving the explanation and guidance associated with a category. The notes are visible on all the documentation and the online browser, and play a key part in the use of Thema categories.

"New categories have been proposed when there is a real need in the supply chain to distinguish a particular category of titles. It is probably fair to say that there is no title that cannot be categorised at the moment, but sometimes titles have to be assigned more general categories where a bit more precision is desirable, either as a single category or a combinaton of categories."


News from the ISNI International Agency
ISNI as Linked Open Data
"A key objective for ISNI is to make its identifiers and their supporting metadata publicly and openly available for general use. The more visible and discoverable that ISNI information becomes, the better. […] ISNI is developing alternative, LD routes for accessing its data. A six-month development effort, undertaken with ISNI’s development partner OCLC and informed by inputs from the LD4P (Linked Data for Production) project in the United States, will soon deliver several ISNI LD outputs and access mechanisms on a CC0 licence waiver basis. The ISNI data will be available in both RDF-XML and JSON-LD ‘flavours’ and the information will be accessible both by API and in the form of periodically-refreshed LD data dumps."

First Public Working Draft: WCAG 2.2
"The W3C Accessibility Guidelines Working Group (AG WG) has published a First Public Working Draft of Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.2. WCAG provides recommendations for making web content more accessible to people with disabilities. It addresses accessibility of web content on desktops, laptops, tablets, and mobile devices. Following these guidelines also makes your web content more usable to all users in a variety of situations. Please see the blog post for information on what’s new in this draft and upcoming work: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.2 in Development."