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State of the Standards: January 31, 2010

State of the Standards

January 2011

This comprehensive report on NISO’s standards and initiatives appears in the first issue of the year of ISQ to keep you informed of the scope and status of NISO’s program on an annual basis. If you have questions about any of the standards or development programs, contact the NISO office by phone (301-654-2512), via email (, or visit the Standards section of the NISO website (

In development

Listed below are the NISO working groups that are currently developing new or revised standards, recommended practices, or reports. refer to the nISo website ( and Newsline ( for updates on the working group activities. DSFTU stands for draft Standard for trial Use.

DAISY Revision
Co-chairs: Markus Gylling, George Kerscher
Z39.86-201x, Specifications for the Digital Talking Book
Standard revision in development. Part A, Authoring and Interchange Framework, issued for public comment.

ERM Data Standards & Best Practices Review
Co-chairs: Ivy Anderson, Tim Jewell
Technical Report in development. expected to be published June 2011.

Establishing Suggested Practices Regarding Single Sign-on (ESPReSSO)
Co-chairs: Steve Carmody, Harry Kaplanian
Recommended Practice in development. draft is expected to be made available for public comment in spring 2011.

Institutional Identifiers (I²)
Co-chairs: Grace Agnew, Oliver Pesch
Z39.94-201x, Institutional Identifiers
Standard in development.

Improving OpenULs through Analytics (IOTA)
Chair: Adam Chandler
Technical Report in development.

Knowledge Base and Related Tools
(KBART) phase II

Joint project with UKSG
Co-chairs: Andreas Biedenbach, Sarah Pearson
NISO RP-9-2010, KBART: Knowledge Bases and Related Tools
Phase I recommended practice issued January 2010. Phase II recommended practice in development.

Physical Delivery of Library Materials
Co-chairs: Valerie Horton, Diana Sachs-Silveira
Recommended practice in development.

Presentation and Identification of e-Journals (PIE-J)
Co-chairs: Bob Boissy, Cindy Hepfer
Recommended Practice in development.

RFID for Library Applications Revision
Co-chairs: Vinod Chachra, Paul Sevcik
NISO RP-6-201x, RFID in U.S. Libraries
Revision in development. Draft for public comment expected in spring 2011.

Standardized Markup for Journal articles
Co-chairs: Jeff Beck, B. Tommie Usdin
Z39.96-201x, Standardized markup for Journal articles
Standard in development. DSFTU expected in spring 2011.

Supplemental Journal Article Materials
Joint project with NFAIS
Co-chairs Business Working group: Linda Beebe, Marie McVeigh
Co-chairs Technical Working Group: Dave Martinsen, Alexander (Sasha) Schwarzman

Recommended practice in development.

Published and Approved NISO Standards

The following NISO standards are approved and published. The notation R, e.g. R2002, indicates that the standard was reaffirmed in the specified year. free downloadable copies of the standards are available from:

ANSI/NISO Z39.2-1994 (R2009)
Information Interchange Format

(Under continuous maintenance)

Information Services and Use: Metrics and Statistics for Libraries and Information Providers – Data Dictionary

ANSI/NISO Z39.9-1992 (R2001)
International Standard Serial numbering (ISSN)

ANSI/NISO Z39.14-1997 (R2009)
Guidelines for Abstracts

ANSI/NISO Z39.18-2010
Scientific and Technical Reports – Preparation, Presentation and Preservation

ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2010
Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies

ANSI/NISO Z39.20-1999
Criteria for Price Indexes for Print Library Materials

ANSI/NISO Z39.23-1997 (R2009)
Standard Technical Report Number Format and Creation

ANSI/NISO Z39.26-1997 (R2002)
Micropublishing Product Information

ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010)
Bibliographic References

ANSI/NISO Z39.32-1996 (R2002)
Information on Microfiche Headers

ANSI/NISO Z39.41-1997 (R2009)
Printed Information on Spines

ANSI/NISO Z39.43-1993 (R2006)
Standard Address Number (SAN) for the Publishing Industry

ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003)
Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use (ANSEL)

ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (R2009)
Permanence of Paper for Publications and Documents in Libraries and Archives

ANSI/NISO Z39.50-2003 (R2009)
Information Retrieval: Application Service Definition & Protocol Specification

ANSI/NISO Z39.53-2001
Codes for the Representation of Languages for Information Interchange

ANSI/NISO Z39.56-1996 (R2002)
Serial Item and Contribution Identifier (SICI)

ANSI/NISO Z39.62-2000
Eye Legible Information on Microfilm Leaders and Trailers and on Containers of Processed Microfilm on Open Reels

ANSI/NISO Z39.64-1989 (R2002)
East Asian Character Code (EACC) for Bibliographic Use

ANSI/NISO Z39.71-2006
Holdings Statements for Bibliographic Items

ANSI/NISO Z39.73-1994 (R2001)
Single-Tier Steel Bracket Library Shelving

ANSI/NISO Z39.74-1996 (R2002)
Guides to Accompany Microform Sets

ANSI/NISO Z39.76-1996 (R2002)
Data Elements for Binding Library Materials

ANSI/NISO Z39.77-2001
Guidelines for Information about Preservation Products

ANSI/NISO Z39.78-2000 (R2006)
Library Binding

ANSI/NISO Z39.79-2001
Environmental Conditions for Exhibiting Library and Archival Materials

ANSI/NISO Z39.82-2001
Title Pages for Conference Publications

ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1
(Under continuous maintenance)

NISO Circulation Interchange, Part 1: Protocol (NCIP)

ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2
(Under continuous maintenance)

NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP), Part 2: Protocol Implementation Profile 1

ANSI/NISO Z39.84-2005 (R2010)
Syntax for the digital object Identifier

ANSI/NISO Z39.85-2007
Dublin Core Metadata Element Set

ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005
Specifications for the Digital Talking Book

ANSI/NISO Z39.87-2006
Data Dictionary – Technical Metadata for Still Images

ANSI/NISO Z39.88-2004 (R2010)
The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services

ANSI/NISO Z39. 89-2003 (R2009)
The U.S. National Z39.50 Profile for Library Applications

ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2007
The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol

ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083-1995 (R2002)
Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup
U.S. adoption of ISO 12083

NISO Recommended Practices

NISO recommended practices are “best practices” or “guidelines” for methods, materials, or practices in order to give guidance to the user. these documents usually represent a leading edge, exceptional model, or proven industry practice. all elements of recommended practices are discretionary and may be used as stated or modified by the user to meet specific needs. free downloadable copies of these documents are available from:

Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections
3rd edition, 2007

Ranking of Authentication and Access Methods Available to the Metasearch Environment 
NISO RP-2005-01

Search and Retrieval Results Set metadata
Version 1.0
NISO RP-2005-02

Search and Retrieval Citation Level Data Elements
Version 1.0
NISO RP-2005-03

Best Practices for Designing Web Services in the Library Context
NISO RP-2006-01

NISO Metasearch XML Gateway Implementers Guide
Version 1.0
NISO RP-2006-02

RFID in U.S. libraries

SERU: A Shared Electronic Resource Understanding

Journal Article Versions (JAV): Recommendations of the NISO/ALPSP JAV Technical Working Group
NISO RP-8-2008

KBART: Knowledge Bases and Related Tools
NISO RP-9-2010

Cost of Resource Exchange (CORE) Protocol

Withdrawn NISO Standards

In accordance with NISO procedures, standards may be withdrawn because they are superseded by a newer standard, a national version is withdrawn in favor of an international equivalent, or the content is deemed to be obsolete. In accordance with ANSI procedure, all American National Standards that are not revised or reaffirmed within ten years following ANSI approval are automatically administratively withdrawn. A list of withdrawn NISO standards is available on the NISO website ( Copies of these standards are available online or from the NISO office.

NISO Technical Reports

NISO technical reports provide useful information about a particular topic, but do not make specific recommendations about practices to follow. they are thus “descriptive” rather than “prescriptive” in nature. proposed standards that do not result in consensus are often published as technical reports. free downloadable copies of these documents are available from:

Environmental Guidelines for the Storage of Paper Records
by William K. Wilson
NISO TR01-1995

Guidelines for Indexes and Related Information Retrieval Devices
by James D. Anderson
NISO TR02-1997

Guidelines for Alphabetical Arrangement of Letters & Sorting of Numerals & Other Symbols
NISO TR03-1997
by Hans H. Wellisch

Networked Reference Services: Question / Answer Transaction Protocol
NISO TR04-2006