Home | News & Events | Events | 2015 Events | NISO Webinars | February 11: Authority Control: Are You Who We Say You Are?

NISO Webinar: Authority Control: Are You Who We Say You Are?

Wednesday, February 11, 2015
1:00 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. (Eastern Time)

System Requirements: 

  • NISO has developed a quick tutorial, How to Participate in a NISO Web Event. Please view the recording, which is an overview of the web conferencing system and will help to answer the most commonly asked questions regarding participating in an online Webex event.
  • You will need a computer for the presentation and Q&A.
  • Audio is available through the computer (broadcast) and by telephone. We recommend you have a set-up for telephone audio as back-up even if you plan to use the broadcast audio as the voice over Internet isn't always 100% reliable.
  • Please check your system in advance to make sure it meets the Cisco WebEx requirements. It is your responsibility to ensure that your system is properly set up before each webinar begins.

 

About the Webinar

In the world of authority control, it is a bit of an alphabet soup of acronyms. ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID), which is a system to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors; ISNI (International Standard Name Identifier), which identifies the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, television programs, and newspaper articles; and VIAF (Virtual International Authority File) a system that combines multiple name authority files into a single authority service, hosted by OCLC, all have their place when discussing identifiers for authority control.

Identity issues and disambiguating authors, researchers, other content creators, and their institutional affiliations are crucial as we move into a world of linked data. In this webinar, presenters will cover the implications and differences between ORCID, ISNI, and VIAF, what is the proper use of each, and some of the benefits that come with using authority files and making that information available on the Web.

Agenda & Event Slides

Introduction
Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO

* * * * * * * 

ORCID identifiers in research workflows
Simeon Warner, Director of Repository Development, Cornell University Library

ORCID addresses the name ambiguity problem by connecting unique identifiers for authors with their works (papers, grants, datasets and more), organizations, and other identifiers such as ISNI.

ORCID engages all sectors of the research community, including publishers, funders, universities, and the researchers themselves. Researchers have control over their ORCID record and save time by using their ORCID identifier during manuscript submission, dataset submission, or grant application. ORCID identifiers thus become embedded in the metadata and new works are published with identifiers already attached. This simplifies reporting and enhances discovery. Metadata about new works can also be pushed back to ORCID, automatically updating the researcher's record.

Simeon Warner is Director of the Repositories Group at Cornell University Library, and a director of ORCID. Current projects include Linked Data for Libraries (http://goo.gl/uBOz4), the Cornell University Library Archival Repository, the arXiv e-print archive (http://arxiv.org/), and Project Euclid (http://projecteuclid.org/). He was one of the developers of arXiv and his research interests include web information systems, interoperability, plagiarism detection, and open-access scholarly publishing. He has been actively involved with the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) since its inception and was one of the authors of the OAI-PMH, OAI-ORE, ResourceSync and IIIF specifications.

He worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory before moving with arXiv to Cornell in 2001. Prior to working on arXiv, he worked in the Physics Department at Syracuse University in computational physics, a discipline in which arXiv has eclipsed conventional journals as the preferred means of scholarly communication. He has a PhD in physics from the University of Manchester, UK.

* * * * * * * 

ISNI: How It Works And What It Does
Laura Dawson, Product Manager, ProQuest

A discussion of the International Standard Name Identifier, its relationship with VIAF and ORCID, its purpose, scope, and usage. ISNI is in use in Wikipedia and VIAF, as well as ORCID (for research institutions). Additionally, Books in Print now has 3 million ISNIs associated with the authors listed there. Bowker recently launched an online application so individual users can apply for and register their ISNIs.

Members of the ISNI International Agency include Harvard Library, Macmillan Digital Science, and ODIN.

Laura Dawson is a Product Manager at ProQuest. She never stops talking about identifiers, metadata, and book discovery. She has previously worked for Firebrand, Muze/Rovi, SirsiDynix and Barnes & Noble.com, among others. Her independent consulting clients in the publishing industry have included McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Cengage, Audible, Alibris, and many more. She is a frequent contributor on Bowker's SelfPublishedAuthor website blog.

* * * * * * * 

VIAF and its Relationships with Other Files
Thomas Hickey, Chief Scientist, OCLC

The Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) is demonstration of the what can be done to collect and match names from a variety of library sources around the world. VIAF currently manages data from some three dozen sources, consisting of tens of millions of names and hundreds of millions of bibliographic descriptions. Two of the most interesting sources for VIAF are Wikipedia and the International Standard Name identifier (ISNI), since VIAF both pulls and pushes data to them, which can lead to interactions that need to be carefully managed.

One of the main uses of VIAF within OCLC is for collecting bibliographic descriptions into work records. Doing this requires both the identification of authors and their titles, and is now another example of how VIAF both sends and pulls data from a source, in this case WorldCat, the main bibliographic database maintained by OCLC. We have found that managing a database of hundreds of millions of works requires special techniques. We are exposing the results of those as VIAF work and expression records so they can be of use to others.

Thomas Hickey is Chief Scientist at OCLC where he helped found OCLC Research. Current interests include metadata creation and editing systems, authority control, parallel systems for bibliographic processing, and information retrieval and display. In addition to implementing VIAF, his group looks into exploring Web access to metadata, identification of FRBR works and expressions in WorldCat, the algorithmic creation of authorities, and the characterization of collections. He has an undergraduate degree in Physics and a Ph.D. in Library and Information Science.

Event Q&A

Q: My understanding is that there's no way to prevent someone for creating an ORCID ID for a fake identity as an author or reviewer. If this is correct, are you thinking of any way to actually validate the identity of the person creating the ORCID ID?

(Simeon Warner): There isn't a mechanism to stop creation of an ORCID iD for a fake identity. However, there is a dispute resolution process (see <http://orcid.org/orcid-dispute-procedures>) to deal with cases of misuse. I note that this is the same situation as the current publication world where articles and books are published under alternate identities which may or may not be readily connected to the real person. A key benefit of ORCID in even these situations is re-use of the identity for multiple works, grants, etc. and connections to other systems that might validate or explain that identity.

(BTW, my favorite example a fake identity is "John Rainwater" who never existed but has a fine publication record in mathematics. John's publications were actually written by a number of different people (see <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rainwater>). I note that John is well described in VIAF <http://viaf.org/processed/LC%7Cno2002106847> based on the LC record <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2002106847>.)

Q: Can institutions capture all the ORCIDS for researchers at an institution? 

(SW): Yes, by two means: As a member organization helping to create and link researchers to their ORCID identities, the organization will get validated ORCID identities via linking process (using oauth, see <http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/articles/119676-tokens-through-3-legged-oauth-authorization>). The second method is to extract from ORCID data all entries with the institution names or Ringgold identities the represent your organization (they are quite granular, there are about a dozen identities for different parts of Cornell for example).

Q: What happens to the ID when people pass away?

(SW): If an ID owner passes away the ORCID record will persist and the ID stays "out there" in whatever systems have recorded it. The ID can be used to link to the researcher identity in just the same way as when they were alive. The record in the ORCID registry will remain and any existing permissions for updates will too. Thus, if the record holder granted permission to a publisher or institution to update their record then that can be used to add works that are perhaps published posthumously.

Q: Can ORCID be searched in a database?

(SW): ORCID can be searched directly from the web, and from the public and member APIs (see <http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/articles/132354-searching-with-the-public-api>). There are also periodic public data dumps that can be loaded into a local database for query and processing (see <http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/articles/223698-how-do-i-get-a-public-data-file->).

Q: What can members of ORCID and ISNI do to help promote convergence of the two identifiers? What are the barriers being encountered in this discussion?

(Laura Dawson): Assignment criteria is the main hurdle. To obtain an ORCID, you only need an email address. To obtain an ISNI, you need to be associated with some "work" - that's a precondition for assignment - so essentially, you have to be "published" in some way.

(SW): I think Laura's point is important, and illustrates different applications for ISNI and ORCID. For ORCID to be integrated into workflows there needs to be the ability to get an ORCID before publication. ORCID iDs are not designed to handle the kinds of rights management uses-cases as ISNI ids are, and the scope of ORCID is smaller. However, there is obvious overlap between ORCID and ISNI, and the two organizations continue to work together on things like the ISNI2ORCID wizard.

Q: We use NACO to authorize name headings in the bibliographic records we create. What benefits can you see to include ORCI/ISNI/VIAF identifiers as well as NACO control numbers in bibliographic records?

(LD): My own opinion is that bibliographic records should contain as many identifiers as possible for Linked Data to function to its maximum potential.

Q: Is there a diagram available that defines the relationship amongst ISNI, ORCID, and VIAF?

(SW): I don't think that a realistic, simple and tidy diagram is possible. Perhaps the best starting point is the diagram on slide 35 of the presentation by Micah Altman and Karen Smith-Yoshimura from the Spring 2014 CNI meeting: <http://www.slideshare.net/oclcr/integrating-researcher-identifiers-into-university-and-library-systems>. The presentation is also an excellent survey of the space.

Registration

SAVE! Register for multiple events.

If paying by credit card, register online.

If paying by check, please use this PDF form.

Registration closes on February 11, 2015 at 12:00 p.m. (ET)

Registration Costs 

  • NISO Member
    • $95.00 (US and Canada)
    • $109.00 (International)
  • NASIG Member
    • $95.00
  • Non-Member
    • $125.00 (US and Canada)
    • $149.00 (International)
  • Student
    • $49.00

Additional Information

  • Registration closes at 12:00 p.m. (ET) on February 11, 2015. Cancellations made by February 4, 2015 will receive a refund, less a $25 cancellation. After that date, there are no refunds.
  • Registrants will receive detailed instructions about accessing the webinar via e-mail the Monday prior to the event. (Anyone registering between Monday and the close of registration will receive the message shortly after the registration is received, within normal business hours.) Due to the widespread use of spam blockers, filters, out of office messages, etc., it is your responsibility to contact the NISO office if you do not receive login instructions.
  • If you have not received your Login Instruction email by 10:00 a.m. (ET) on the Tuesday before the webinar, at please contact the NISO office or email Juliana Wood, Educational Programs Manager at jwood@niso.org for immediate assistance.
  • Registration is per site (access for one computer) and includes access to the online recorded archive of the webinar. You may have as many people as you like from the registrant's organization view the webinar from that one connection. If you need additional connections, you will need to enter a separate registration for each connection needed.
  • If you are registering someone else from your organization, either use that person's e-mail address when registering or contact Juliana Wood to provide alternate contact information.
  • Library Standards Alliance (LSA) members receive one free webinar connection as part of their membership and DO NOT need to register for the event for this free connection. Your webinar contact will receive the login instructions the Monday before the event. You may have as many people as you like from the member's library view the webinar from that one connection. If you need additional connections beyond the free one, then you will need to enter a paid registration (at the member rate) for each additional connection required.
  • Webinar presentation slides and Q&A will be posted to the site following the live webinar.
  • Registrants and LSA member webinar contacts will receive an e-mail message containing access information to the archived webinar recording within 48 hours after the event. This recording access is only to be used by the registrant's or member's organization.