NISO Virtual Conference: EPUB3 and the Future of Interoperable E-books: What Libraries Need to Know
April 17, 2013
11:00 - 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Time)
- About the Conference
- Event Slides
- Event Q&A
Can't make it on the conference day? Register now and gain access to the archive for one year.
- System Requirements:
You will need a computer for the presentations and Q&A. Audio is available through the computer (broadcast) and by telephone. We recommend you have a set-up for telephone audio as back-up even if you plan to use the broadcast audio as the voice over Internet isn't 100% reliable.
Please check your system in advance to make sure it meets the Cisco WebEx requirements. It is your responsibility to ensure that your system is properly set up before each webinar begins.
EPUB3 is a standard for interoperable e-books that is rapidly being adopted by the publishing and device manufacturing community. It has the promise of allowing publishers to create a single file format that can be rendered on any reading device, such as an e-reader, tablet, laptop, smartphone, etc. This will be a critical component of a library's e-book services, since libraries must be in a position to serve patrons who come in with a range of devices, not simply from one particular supplier. Understanding the e-book files and why EPUB will allow a broader range of fulfilling patron needs is something that both publishers and librarians need to understand. Join us for a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of EPUB3, suggested tools for implementation, barrier issues on the horizon, and the significant improvements in accessibility with EPUB.
Introductions and Moderation – Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO
11:00 AM - 12:00 PM: – Sue Polanka, Head, Reference & Instruction, Wright State University Libraries
12:00 - 12:45 PM: EPUB and Metadata – Bill Kasdorf, Vice President, APEX
12:45 PM - 1:30 PM: Lunch Break
EPUB3: What, How, and Why
1:30 - 2:15 PM: NISO/DAISY Interchange Format Update – Matt Garrish, Accessibility Consultant; Editor of the Z39.98 and EPUB 3 Specifications
2:15 - 2:45 PM: Annotation of E-books: A NISO standard in development Dan Whaley, Founder, hypothesis.is
2:45 - 3:15 PM: Identification of E-books – Laura Dawson, Product Manager, Bowker
3:15 - 3:30 PM: Break
Implementation and Implications
3:30 - 3:50 PM: BISG's EPUB3 Support Grid – Angela Bole, Deputy Executive Director, BISG
3:50 - 4:10 PM: Implementing an E-book System – Joanne M. Budler, State Librarian, State Library of Kansas
4:10 - 4:30 PM: Digital Rights Management (DRM) – Jim Dovey, Digital Content Formats Evangelist, Kobo
Future of EPUB
4:30 - 5:00 PM: Roundtable Discussion – George Kerscher, Secretary General DAISY Consortium, and President, International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)
Q: So just for reading, is there a good non-tablet recommendation?
Bill Kasdorf (BK): Downloading the free EPUB 3-based Readium plug-in for Chrome (https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/readium/fepbnnnkkadjhjahcafoaglimekefifl?hl=en) is generally useful, especially for laptops and desktops (anyplace you can use Chrome).
Q: General question: Is EPUB3 being considered for management of serials? The metadata does seem to appear to be specific to books. Can we build in extra title types to handle information such as "volume" and "issue" etc?
BK: The EPUB 3 spec already accommodates this. A serial is a special case of a collection; the "collection" title-type was deliberately chosen so as not to limit its use to an _ordered_ collection (e.g., a serial). You can specify the sequence with the group-position property on <meta>. And then you can have any number of <dc:identifier>s—e.g., one for the volume, one for the issue—and use <meta> as I described in the presentation to specify the type of each identifier (volume, issue). This is a good example of why the EPUB 3 spec is designed in such a general-purpose way: it accommodates specific use cases like this without being _limited_ to specific use cases.
Q: Does the metadata standard have any way of coping with a publisher updating or adding individual chapters in a work. Can you have a "living" book using ePub3? Or do you have to version the whole book with each significant change?
BK: EPUB is definitely for a single-file delivery of a discrete, and potentially offline, collection of content. So yes, each time you would add a chapter you would issue a new EPUB, with a new unique-identifier. This is because those previous EPUBs are now "out there in the world" and must not be confused with the later versions.
Q: What authoring tools do you recommend for creating and editing ePubs?
Matt Garrish (MG): in terms of editing and verifying the quality of epubs for accessibility I work very much down at the nuts and bolts markup level using Oxygen editor, which has numerous features that simplify editing. For visual content creation, the choices are growing, with Inlinking Habitat, BlueGriffon EPUB Edition and Adobe InDesign all providing EPUB 3 support.
BK: I would suggest looking at Sigil, a free tool from Google (https://code.google.com/p/sigil/). It's free and open-source. In terms of editing the XHTML files, many XML folks use oXygen.
Q: Wouldn't it make more sense to have one basic identifier for the original content, but different identifiers for different formats? A book is a book whether it is electronic or print, and the content should remain the same.
BK: YES!! This "work identifier" issue is something the industry is struggling with right now. ISBN is a product identifier (one for each format); there is currently no consensus on a work identifier (ISTC being the most visible candidate but not yet getting much traction).
Q: What was the conclusion of the BISG report on ISBNS?
BK: The BISG report definitely recommended the correct use of ISBNs as product identifiers, one for each format (no such thing as an eISBN). It is available from BISG and an update is in the works right now.
Angela Bole: Please see the Policy Statement from the BISG webpage: http://www.bisg.org/what-we-do-4-150-pol-1101-best-practices-for-identifying-digital-products.php
Q: For dictionaries, is hyphenation control a part of the new features? Say I want my books to hyphenate according to Webster's will it be able to do that if a Webster's dictionary is loaded and selected as the hyphenation dictionary?
BK: The IDPF EPUB 3 Dictionaries Working Group is developing a specification for this. I believe a Public Draft is about to be made available.
Q: I hope you continue to develop page anchors that correspond to the page breaks in the print edition and create a nav element for those.
MG: Indicating page break locations in a print source is a part of EPUB 3 and the page-list nav element in the navigation document provides the means of navigating them. These feature are integral and will maintained and developed as long as live in a dual print/digital world.
BK: Agreed! The spec already calls for a page break <nav> and provides an @epub:type="pagebreak" for this purpose. This is especially important for accessibility but I recommend it as a good practice in general. The EPUB 3.0.1 WG is working on how to specify what the reference source of the page breaks is (not addressed adequately in the EPUB 3.0 spec—it just sort of assumes the <dc:source> is that reference).
Q. Does Readium also allow for reading of local files (e.g. we have Kurzweil for scan and read)?
MG: Readium is a Chrome plug-in, but you load files into it from the local file system so if you have epubs locally there’s nothing preventing you from using Readium. It is not a cloud-based reading system. You would need to get from the Kurzweil file to an epub in order to use it, however.
George Kerscher (GK): Yes, Readium does allow for local reading. In addition, I will put EPUB in my DropBox and I can select to open these files using iBooks, Nook, or Blio; this is on my iPhone.
Q. And many organizations and associations do not publish in EPUB format, at least to my knowledge (e.g. ANSI).
GK: Not yet, but many of us are optimistic that this will change. Many organizations do make materials in HTML, which is far better than PDF.
Q. How much technical know-how is required to make accessible EPUB3 vs PDF?
MG: EPUB requires more knowledge overall than PDF, but the knowledge only has to grow relative to the complexity of what you’re creating. It’s also a reflection of how much more accommodating a format EPUB can be relative to the inflexibility of PDFs. A basic heading and text epub should be accessible right out of the box. It’s only as you add in footnotes and sidebars and multimedia and scripting and work in fixed layouts that the complexity increases. But the knowledge needed to handle these issues is all open information, as epub leverages web content.
GK: I am not a fan of PDF, because it is very rare that I get an accessible PDF; so it does not appear to be easy to make accessible PDF. Fundamental EPUB 2 and more so with 3, should be much easier to make accessible. The reflowable nature of EPUB means that the text is in proper reading order and elements semantically identified. With PDF, the reading order is normally guessed at and it is difficult to tell what are headings or body text. Many times when the PDF is converted for screen reader use, words will show up on a single line.
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Registration closes on April 16, 2013 at 12:00 pm Eastern.
- NISO Member
- $185.00 (US and Canada)
- $225.00 (International)
- $245.00 (US and Canada)
- $285.00 (International)
- Registration closes at 12:00 pm Eastern on April 16, 2013. Cancellations made by April 9, 2013 will receive a refund, less a $35 cancellation. After that date, there are no refunds.
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