State of the Standards: January 31, 2012

In Development

Listed below are the NISO working groups that are currently developing new or revised standards, recommended practices, or reports. refer to the NISO website ( and the Newsline quarterly supplement, Working Group Connection (, for updates on the working group activities.

Note: DSFTU stands for Draft Standard for Trial Use. 

AI framework (was DAISY revision)
Co-chairs: Markus Gylling, George Kerscher
NISO Z39.98-201x, Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification
Finalizing for publication following the DSFTU period.

Digital Bookmarking and Annotation Sharing
Co-chairs: TBD
NISO Z39.97-201x Digital Bookmarking and Annotation
Standard in development.

E-book Special Interest Group
Co-chairs: Nettie Lagace, Todd Carpenter
Pre-standardization work underway in four sub-groups: accessibility, discovery tools and linking, distribution, and metadata

Institutional Identifiers (I²)
Co-chairs: Grace Agnew, Oliver Pesch
Recommended practice regarding the use of the International Standard name Identifier (ISNI) for institutional identifiers in development.

Improving OpenURLs through Analytics (IOTA)
Chair: Adam Chandler
Technical report in development.

Knowledge Base and Related Tools (KBART) Phase II
Joint project with UKSG
Co-chairs: Andreas Biedenbach, Sarah Pearson
Phase II recommended practice in development.

Open Discovery Initiative
Co-chairs: Marshall Breeding, Jenny Walker
Recommended practice in development.

Presentation and Identification of e-Journals (PIE-J)
Co-chairs: Bob Boissy, Cindy Hepfer
Recommended practice in development.

Resource Synchronization
Co-chairs: Herbert Van de Sompel, Todd Carpenter
NISO Z39.99-201x, Specification for Web resource Synchronization 

RFID for Library Applications Revision
Co-chairs: Vinod Chachra, Paul Sevcik
NISO RP-6-201x, RFID in U.S. Libraries
Finalizing for publication following the public comment period.

Shared Electronic Resource Understanding (SERU)
Co-chairs: Judy Luther, Selden Lamoureux, Karla Strieb
NISO RP-7-201x, Shared Electronic Resource Understanding (SERU)
Revision to recommended practice issued for public comment through February 19, 2012.

Standardized Markup for Journal Articles
Co-chairs: Jeff Beck, B. Tommie Usdin
Z39.96-201x, Standardized Markup for Journal Articles
Finalizing for publication following the DSFTU period.

Supplemental Journal Article Materials
Joint project with NFAIS
Co-chairs Business Working Group: Linda Beebe, Marie McVeigh
Co-chairs Technical Working Group: Dave Martinsen, Alexander (Sasha) Schwarzman 

NISO RP-15-201x, Recommended Practices for Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials
Part a: Business Working Group recommendations issued for public comment through February 29, 2012.
Part B: Technical Working Group recommendations in development.

SUSHI Server Working Group
Chair: Oliver Pesch
NISO RP-13-201x, providing a test mode for SUSHI Servers
Finalizing for publication following a draft for trial use.

SUSHI (Z39.93) Standing Committee
Co-chairs: Bob McQuillan, Oliver Pesch
NISO RP-14-201x, NISO SUSHI protocol: COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile finalizing for publication following a public comment period.

In revision

The following are published and approved NISO standards or recommended practices that are in the process of being revised.

ANSI/NISO Z39.7-2004
Information Services and Use: Metrics & Statistics for Libraries and Information Providers Data Dictionary

ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2008
NISO Circulation Interchange Part 1: Protocol (NCLP)

ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2008 
NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCLP) Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

NISO RP-6-2008
RFID in U.S. libraries

NISO RP-7-2008
Shared Electronic Resource Understanding (SERU)

Five Year Review

The following published and approved NISO standards are either currently undergoing or will begin the five-year review process in 2012. Voting pools for these standards will open shortly; if fifteen percent (15%) or more of the membership joins the voting pool and balance requirements are met, reviews will be conducted in order to provide a recommendation for action to accompany the review ballots in November 2011. If less than 15% of the membership joins the voting pool, the Board may initiate procedures for an administrative withdrawal. See Section 7.5 of the NISO procedures for more information (

ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2007
he Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol

The Dublin Core Metadata Element Set

Published and Approved NISO Standards

The following NISO standards are approved and published. The notation R, e.g., R2002, indicates that the standard was reaffirmed in the specified year. Free downloadable copies of the standards are available from: standards/

ANSI/NISO Z39.2-1994 (R2009)
Information Interchange format

ANSI/NISO Z39.7-2004
Information Services and Use: Metrics and Statistics for Libraries and Information Providers – Data Dictionary

ANSI/NISO Z39.9-1992 (R2001)
International Standard Serial Numbering (ISSn)

ANSI/NISO Z39.14-1997 (R2009)
Guidelines for Abstracts

ANSI/NISO Z39.18-2005 (R2010)
Scientific and Technical Reports – Preparation, Presentation, and Preservation

ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010)
Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies

ANSI/NISO Z39.23-1997 (R2009)
Standard Technical Report Number Format and Creation

ANSI/NISO Z39.26-1997 (R2002)
Micropublishing Product Information

ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010)
Bibliographic References

ANSI/NISO Z39.32-1996 (R2002)
Information on Microfiche Headers

ANSI/NISO Z39.41-1997 (R2009)
Printed Information on Spines

ANSI/NISO Z39.43-1993 (R2011)
Standard Address Number (SAN) for the Publishing Industry

ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003)
Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use (ANSEL)

ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (R2009)
Permanence of Paper for Publications and Documents in Libraries and Archives

ANSI/NISO Z39.50-2003 (R2009)
Information Retrieval: Application Service Definition & Protocol Specification

ANSI/NISO Z39.56-1996 (R2002)
Serial Item and Contribution Identifier (SICI)

ANSI/NISO Z39.64-1989 (R2002)
East Asian Character Code (EACC) for Bibliographic Use

ANSI/NISO Z39.71-2006 (R2011)
Holdings Statements for Bibliographic Items

ANSI/NISO Z39.73-1994 (R2001)
Single-tier Steel Bracket Library Shelving

ANSI/NISO Z39.74-1996 (R2002)
Guides to Accompany Microform Sets

ANSI/NISO Z39.76-1996 (R2002)
Data Elements for Binding Library Materials

ANSI/NISO Z39.78-2000 (R2010)
Library Binding

ANSI/NISO Z39.79-2001
Environmental Conditions for Exhibiting Library and Archival Materials

ANSI/NISO Z39.82-2001
Title Pages for Conference Publications

ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2008
NISO Circulation Interchange, Part 1: Protocol (NCLP)

ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2008
NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCLP), Part 2: Protocol Implementation Profile 1

ANSI/NISO Z39.84-2005 (R2010)
Syntax for the Digital Object Identifier

ANSI/NISO Z39.85-2007
Dublin Core Metadata Element Set

ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005
Specifications for the Digital Talking Book

ANSI/NISO Z39.87-2006 (R2011)
Data Dictionary – Technical Metadata for Still Images

ANSI/NISO Z39.88-2004 (R2010)
The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services

ANSI/NISO Z39. 89-2003 (R2009)
The U.S. National Z39.50 Profile for Library Applications

ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2007
The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol

ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083-1995 (R2009)
Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup

U.S. adoption of ISO 12083

NISO Recommended Practices

NISO recommended practices are “best practices” or “guidelines” for methods, materials, or practices in order to give guidance to the user. these documents usually represent a leading edge, exceptional model, or proven industry practice. all elements of recommended practices are discretionary and may be used as stated or modified by the user to meet specific needs. Free downloadable copies of these documents are available from:

Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections
3rd edition, 2007

Ranking of Authentication and Access Methods Available to the Metasearch Environment
NISO RP-2005-01

Search and Retrieval Results Set Metadata, version 1.0
NISO RP-2005-02

Search and Retrieval Citation Level Data Elements, version 1.0
NISO RP-2005-03

Best Practices for Designing Web Services in the Library Context

NISO Metasearch XML Gateway Implementers Guide, version 1.0
NISO RP-2006-02

RFID in U.S. Libraries

Seru: A Shared Electronic Resource Understanding

Journal Article Versions (JAV): Recommendations of the NISO/ALPSP JAV Technical Working Group
NISO RP-8-2008

KBART: Knowledge Bases and Related Tools
NISO RP-9-2010

Cost of Resource Exchange (CORE) Protocol

ESPReSSO: Establishing Suggested Practices Regarding Single Sign-On
NISO RP-11-2011

Physical Delivery of Library Resources
NISO RP-12-2012

Withdrawn NISO Standards

In accordance with NISO procedures, standards may be withdrawn because they are superseded by a newer standard, a national version is withdrawn in favor of an international equivalent, or the content is deemed to be obsolete. In accordance with ANSI procedure, all American National Standards that are not revised or reaffirmed within ten years following ANSI approval are automatically administratively withdrawn. a list of withdrawn NISO standards is available on the NISO website ( copies of these standards are available online or from the NISO office.

NISO Technical Reports

NISO technical reports provide useful information about a particular topic, but do not make specific recommendations about practices to follow. they are thus “descriptive” rather than “prescriptive” in nature. proposed standards that do not result in consensus are often published as technical reports. Free downloadable copies of these documents are available from:

Environmental Guidelines for the Storage of Paper Records
By William K. Wilson
NISO TR01-1995

Guidelines for Indexes and Related Information Retrieval Devices
By James D. Anderson
NISO TR02-1997

Guidelines for Alphabetical Arrangement of Letters & Sorting of Numerals & Other Symbols
By Hans H. Wellisch

Networked Reference Services: Question / Answer Transaction Protocol
NISO TR04-2006