Headshot of NISO Eexecutive Director, Todd Carpenter

October 2016

For some, it is too easy to dismiss, for reasons other than merit, another's skills or expertise. Much research has been done about implicit bias, diminished expectations, and systematic disadvantages for under-represented communities. For communities, such as the information distribution one, where the majority of participants are female, it is a problem that there are not more women in leadership positions. Even as I make this point, from a leadership position, I'm conscious of the many qualified female and minority professionals who could take over my role.

However, it seems, with the appointment of Carla Hayden as the new Librarian of Congress, like another large crack has been made in our community's glass ceiling. Librarian Hayden, who is the first African American to hold her position, has long been a champion of intellectual freedom and of access to information. She's especially interested in library outreach in the community and extending library services outside the walls of the institution. Always a forward thinker, Hayden will have a positive and transformative impact on her august institution. While her record of success, advocacy, and community impact made her the obvious choice for this role, change comes all too slowly in positions where tenures are measured in multiples of decades. Appointing a woman, or a woman of color, to a leadership role shouldn't be a point of celebration, it should be an everyday fact in our industry, because there are so many worthwhile candidates. Sadly, we are not yet in that world, but we are making progress.

Librarian Hayden is not alone in her leadership work in information distribution. Like many other organizations, NISO has been fortunate over the years to have diversity in its leadership ranks. At present, of the six co-chairs of NISO's leadership committees, four are women. A majority of the NISO working groups are co-chaired by women. At an executive level, NISO has been led by many brilliant women over its time. NISO's Board has consistently been an impressive group. including such leaders as: Henriette Avram, Karen Hunter, Shirley Baker, Sally McCallum, Patricia Berger, Jan Fleming, and many, many others. As well, NISO was under the skilled leadership of Patricia Harris for two decades before I joined the organization. There are many forms of diversity that NISO seeks to incorporate into our efforts, gender being only one, and we try to incorporate this in our staffing, in our outreach, even in our standards work.

Unfortunately, the technology world in general hasn't been nearly as welcoming. Despite their tremendous contributions, women and members of other underrepresented groups have often been dismissed, belittled, or worse in this industry. (In that vein, I recommend a new book, Margot Lee Shetterly's Hidden Figures, which chronicles the contributions of African American women mathematicians at NASA during the 1950s, '60s and '70s.) It's past time to change conditions in IT and highlight the varied and valuable contributions of all workers in that field.

After librarian Bobbi Newman recently compiled a public list of "Female Technology Experts in Libraries," I contacted her with some suggestions of others from the NISO community who should be added.There were many others whom I would have also suggested, except they don't work in libraries. NISO brings together a diverse set of information professionals and we, as a community, are all the better for their efforts. If we are to support greater diversity in leadership, we should do more to recognize the contributions of those doing great work and highlight their achievements to create a rewarding and enriching environment for all.


Todd Carpenter’s Signature

Todd Carpenter

Executive Director

NISO Reports

NISO Releases Altmetrics Recommended Practice

The National Information Standards Organization has published NISO RP-25-2016, Outputs of the NISO Alternative Assessment Project. This recommended practice on altmetrics, an expansion of the tools available for measuring the scholarly impact of research in the knowledge environment, was developed by working groups that were part of NISO's Altmetrics Initiative, a project funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. The document outlines altmetrics definitions and use cases, alternative outputs in scholarly communications, data metrics, and persistent identifiers in scholarly communications. .

NISO Professional Development Events in October

NISO Webinar: The Internet of Things
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
1:00 P.M. - 2:30 P.M., Eastern time

The decrease in the cost of sensors and the connectivity necessary to support them has given rise to a network of interconnected devices. This network, often called the Internet of Things (IoT), creates a variety of information management challenges. For the library and publishing communities, the IoT presents opportunities and challenges around the gathering, organization, and processing of the tremendous amounts of data the network generates. How will these data be incorporated into traditional publication, archiving, and resource management systems? Additionally, how will the IoT impact resource management within our community? In what ways will interconnected resources provide a better user experience for patrons and readers? This session will introduce concepts surrounding and potential implications of the IoT on the information management community. It will also explore applications related to managing emerging resources in a library environment.

Confirmed speakers: Bryan Alexander, Consultant; Robert Weisberg, Senior Project Manager, Publications and Editorial Department, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Lauren Di Monte, NCSU Libraries Fellow, Cyma Rubin Fellow, North Carolina State University.

For additional information, visit the NISO event page.

Enabling Innovations for Researcher Workflows and Scholarly Communication
A NISO-ICSTI Joint Webinar Event
Wednesday, October 26, 2016
10:00 A.M. - 11:30 A.M., Eastern time (Please note the special broadcast time for this event.)

Digital network technologies have driven the globalization of the scientific community and transformed the way in which research is conducted and communicated.

This webinar focuses on usage of the innovative tools that have been developed to facilitate information sharing and collaboration in this changing environment. Presenters will address the need for consensus among stakeholders in differing scientific communities on the principles needed to have a positive impact on research practices, openness, efficiency and reproducibility, and outcomes.

Confirmed speakers: Jeroen Bosman, Scholarly Communications and Geoscience Librarian, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; Bianca Kramer: Life Sciences and Medicine Librarian, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; David Mellor, PhD, Project Manager, Journal and Funder Initiatives, Center for Open Science; Cameron Neylon, Professor of Research Communications, Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University; and Alex Viggio, Associate Director, Faculty Information System, University of Colorado, Boulder.

Note: Library Standards Alliance (LSA) members will need to register at member rates for this event as this partnered webinar event is not part of the LSA package of benefits.

For additional information, visit the NISO event page.

NISO Professional Development Offerings in November

NISO Two-Part Webinar: Digital Security
November 9: Part 1: Securing Library Systems
November 16: Part 2: Protecting Library Resources From Piracy

In our connected environment, security is tremendously important element of any system. Institutions large and small have been targets of attack and libraries are a significant vector of approach for some institutions, because of their bias toward access and sharing of resources. In addition to personal information about patrons, library systems contain a variety of valuable information and provide gateways to numerous other resources. All of these realities require information specialists to be aware of potential risks and how to address them.

This two-part webinar program will focus on what best practice activities libraries should be implementing to ensure that their services are protected and secure. Part one of this webinar, scheduled for November 9, will be focused on management of internal systems and methods of securing library systems and the data that they hold.

The second segment of this program, scheduled for November 16, will be focused on the issue of privacy and methods for protecting content from unauthorized distribution, including digital rights management systems, social DRM, and other approaches to preventing piracy.

Confirmed speakers: Doug Goans, Department Head, Information Technology and Development, Georgia Tech Library and Blake Carver, Senior Systems Administrator, LYRASIS Technology Services, with others to be announced.

Remember that NISO offers a variety of registration options. Library Standards Alliance (LSA) members will automatically receive access to both sessions of this two-part event. Non-members of NISO may register for one session as a stand-alone or for both at a packaged rate. Don't forget that access to an archived recording of the event is included in the registration fee.

For additional information, visit the NISO event page.

Begin Thinking Ahead to 2017!

Information regarding NISO's calendar of 2017 educational events will soon be available. Keep an eye out for the forthcoming announcement of topics, pricing, and subscription packages.

Forthcoming ISO Ballots

NISO Voting members participate in the development, revision, and evaluation of standards. Voting members are able to influence the standards process and mold the future of the industry. The following NISO ballots are open and will close before the next newsletter is distributed. If you are a NISO Voting Member, log into your NISO page and you'll see the ballots linked there.

ISO/NP TS 21946 - ISO/TC 46/SC 11N1628 - Information and documentation -- Appraisal for managing records for a new work item proposal

This Technical Specification provides guidance on how to carry out appraisal, and describes some of the products and outcomes that appraisal can deliver. As such, it describes a practical application of the concept of appraisal outlined in ISO 15489-1:2016.

The Technical Specification:

  • lists some of the main purposes for appraisal in the creation, capture and management of records in contemporary organizations and in society in general;
  • describes the importance of establishing scope for an appraisal;
  • explains how to analyze business activity and develop an understanding of the context;
  • explains how to identify record requirements;
  • describes the relationships between appraisal and records controls; and
  • explains how to use risk to weigh appraisal decisions.

This Technical Specification can be used by all organizations regardless of size, nature of their activities, or complexity of their functions and structure.

This ballot closes on Thursday, November 17, 2016.

TC46/SC4 ballot for ISO/DIS 20614, Data exchange protocol for interoperability and preservation

DEPIP specifies a standardized framework for the various data (including both data and related metadata) exchange transactions between an Archive and its producers and consumers. Interchanges between archives (including archives integrated in organizations, public archives, storage service suppliers) are also considered. The protocol is generic and may be adapted to all types of information, whether printed or in a born digital format.

The protocol defines five transactions (Transfer, Deliver, Dispose, Modify, and Restitute1) which Archives and their partners may use to exchange data objects. The protocol specifies also an implementation framework using the XML formalism to write the messages that are exchanged during the protocol transaction (refer to the associated XSD Schema). The protocol specifies the syntax and semantics of these messages.

This ballot closes on November 18, 2016.

TC46/SC4 ballot regarding technical content to ISO/DIS 28500 that must be approved before moving forward

This International Standard specifies the WARC file format:

  • to store both the payload content and control information from mainstream Internet application layer protocols, such as the HTTP, DNS, and FTP;
  • to store arbitrary metadata linked to other stored data (e.g. subject classifier, discovered language, encoding);
  • to support data compression and maintain data record integrity;
  • to store all control information from the harvesting protocol (e.g. request headers), not just response information;
  • to store the results of data transformations linked to other stored data;
  • to store a duplicate detection event linked to other stored data (to reduce storage in the presence of identical or substantially similar resources);
  • to be extended without disruption to existing functionality;
  • to support handling of overly long records by truncation or segmentation, where desired.

This ballot closes on November 18, 2016.

Five-year systematic review of the TC46/SC4 standard ISO 15511:2011 (Ed 3) - Information and documentation -- International standard identifier for libraries and related organizations (ISIL)

This International Standard specifies the International Standard identifier for libraries and related organizations (ISIL), which comprises a set of standard identifiers used for the unique identification of libraries, archives, museums and related organizations with a minimum impact on already existing systems.

This ballot closes on November 18, 2016.

New on the NISO Website

September was a busy time for NISO events. Below are presentation slides from several webinars the organization held.

New Specs & Standards

W3C Global Web Experts Plan Technical Roadmap for Future of Web

The World Wide Web Consortium hosted the W3C Technical Plenary / Advisory Committee Meetings Week in Lisbon, Portugal from 19-23 September, 2016. The event allowed attendees to discuss standards and other technical aspects of the web in the coming years, with groups discussing interest areas such as accessibility, digital publishing, telecommunications, and web payments and security. In a first, W3C also hosted more than 20 W3C Community Groups that are developing ideas for future Web technologies including blockchain, virtual reality, and a Web of Things plugfest.

Marrakesh Treaty Comes into Force, with First Implementation in Australia

"Following decades of discussion and negotiation, and an international governments' Agreement in June 2013, blindness and low vision and print disability communities are celebrating the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled coming into force 30 September 2016."

National Archives Issues Regulation on Controlled Unclassified Information

Until now, the various government agencies that handle controlled unclassifed information were forced to rely upon their own judgment in its handling, resulting in uneven approaches toward dissemination and security. In a welcome move, on September 14, 2016, the National Archives issued a Federal regulation, "Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI), which "establish[es] consistent practices and procedures for safeguarding, disseminating, controlling, and marking CUI across Executive Branch departments and agencies." The new regulation goes into effect on November 13, 2016.

OCLC and Internet Archive Work Together to Ensure Future Sustainability of Persistent URLs

"OCLC and Internet Archive today announced the results of a year-long cooperative effort to ensure the future sustainability of purl.org. The organizations have worked together to build a new sustainable service hosted by Internet Archive that will manage persistent URLs and sub-domain redirections for purl.org, purl.com, purl.info and purl.net."

Media Stories

World Standards Week 2016
ANSI Meetings and Events

On October 24-28, 2016, ANSI will host a World Standards Week event in Washington, DC. The celebration is "designed to inspire open dialogue about developments and challenges related to standardization and conformity assessment, highlighted in multiple keynote speaker sessions and conferences," and this year's theme is "Standards Build Trust." Daytime meetings presented as part of World Standards week are free for ANSI members. The celebrations include meetings such as "Zero to Hero: Standards Know-How Isn't Just for Nerds," a full-day event on October 25 that will focus on preparing the next generation of standardizers; leadership and service awards; and a legal issues forum.

Chris Saynor joins EDItEUR
EDItEUR Newsletter, October 3, 2016; by Graham Bell

EDItEUR has announced that Chris Saynor will become the organization's Standards Editor at the end of October. Saynor is currently metadata specialist and project manager at GiantChair, Inc., in Paris, where for the past eight years, he has been responsible for implementation of the Onixsuite application. Saynor will be based in EDItEUR's London office, where he will work with Graham Bell on advancing EDItEUR's standards such as ONIX, Thema and EDItX.

After 'Tough' Year, BISG Refocuses
Publishers Weekly, October 3, 2016; by Andrew Albanese

"Speaking at the Book Industry Study Group's (BISG) annual meeting held September 30, in New York, newly appointed executive (as of Oct. 3) director Brian O'Leary previewed the organization's forthcoming strategic plan. In a 15-minute talk, O'Leary, a longtime consultant and BISG board member, praised the plan he is now tasked with implementing as the group's leader, and spoke confidently about BISG's future."

An Open Perspective on Interactive Textbooks
EDUCAUSE Review, August 22, 2016; by Jim Fowler

"The opposite of the commercial closed-source textbook is the open-source textbook," says this article that discusses problems related to top-down authority, fixed content, and, unsurprisingly, price, in relation to textbooks, learning quality, and student success.

American Library Association Lauds Bipartisan Senate Bill to Renew Support for Libraries Nationwide
American Library Association Press Release, September 23, 2016

The Museum and Library Services Act of 2016 (S. 3391) was introduced on September 23, 2016 by Senators Jack Reed (D-RI), Susan Collins (R-ME), Thad Cochran (R-MS) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY). The $230 million authorized by this bill can be spent at states' discretion, says ALA President Julie Todaro, and will "offer library patrons everything from employment services and small business development assistance to free Wi-Fi to STEM programming and access to other costly resources such as academic journals."

Annotations as Peer Review: An Interview with Maryann Martone of Hypothes.is
The Scholarly Kitchen, September 22, 2016; by Alice Meadows

Hypothes.is allows a kind of scholarly doodling in the margins by allowing online annotations of web documents. In this interview, Martone, the company's Director of Biosciences and Scholarly Communications, discusses why this activity is valuable and why it should count toward peer review of material.

Disrupting the Subscription Journals' Business Model for the Necessary Large-scale Transformation to Open Access
A Max Planck Digital Library Open Access Policy White Paper, April 28, 2015; by R. Schimmer, K.K. Geschuhn, & A. Vogler

"Google engineer Travis McPhail was initially puzzled when Lonnie Bunch, the founding director of the National Museum of African American History and Culture, explained in a meeting with the Black Googler Network his mission to redefine what it means to be a museum in the modern age. But after hearing more about the director's vision of telling the history of America through the African-American lens, the software engineer at Google was hooked."

Google Is Redefining 3D Tech at the New African American History Museum
Smithsonian.com, September 14, 2016; by Katie Nodjimbaden

"Google engineer Travis McPhail was initially puzzled when Lonnie Bunch, the founding director of the National Museum of African American History and Culture, explained in a meeting with the Black Googler Network his mission to redefine what it means to be a museum in the modern age. But after hearing more about the director's vision of telling the history of America through the African-American lens, the software engineer at Google was hooked."

White House to Data Scientists: We Need You
Computer World, September 29, 2016; by Katherine Noyes

DJ Patil, chief data scientist at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, asked data scientists at Strata+Hadoop World on September 27 to "step up" and help his office. The scientists present know how to use data to solve the many problems facing our country, such as overhaul of the criminal justice system, said Patil, who told the audience that its up to them to show that his office's relatively small-scale work is "not just feasible but scalable."