Headshot of NISO Eexecutive Director, Todd Carpenter

June 2016

It is apparent to technologists in the information publishing and provision community that authentication methods currently in use by participant content providers and institutions are far from ideal. The overwhelming majority of institutions providing content to patrons use IP-based authentication, which is based on the address system used by every connected device on the Internet. If a user comes from a specific address or range of addresses, then the system allows access; if not, they are blocked. In theory, this should work seamlessly, but in reality, there are many holes and problems with the set up.

Some of the many problems with this type of authentication system have been obvious since it was first developed, while others have become more pressing in recent years. IP addresses are relatively easy to spoof and the content provider never knows who is on the other side of the address; it must simply trust that the user is authorized. As Internet access became more ubiquitous and institutional users could connect from various places, it became necessary to authenticate those not directly linking via their institutional network. The development of proxy servers, which authenticate users before passing them forward to their desired content, provided a solution to this authorization issue.

Often, because users don't recognize IP authentication controls (which are designed to be invisible to users), the proxy systems are viewed as a barrier to entry and a cause of frustration. Proxy systems aren't inherently insecure, but their security is dependent on proper implementation as described in a talk last month by Don Hamparian from OCLC, provider of the most widely adopted proxy system is the library community, EZProxy. Especially as more and more users access content via mobile appliances, the challenge of authenticating devices not running directly through an institutional network has grown exponentially.

Because of some significant security breaches and subsequent data losses, a variety of significant players that are focused on backbone services and that highly prioritize security are pushing forward with more advanced security protocols. In addition to using multi-factor authentication, Google, for example, has begun testing new strategies for authentication to improve security. One hopes that these newer approaches will gain wider adoption.

Authentication has become an area of focus for content providers, which have seen a rise in piracy that takes advantage of loose security and authentication systems. In some ways, these pirate systems, such as Sci-Hub or LibGen, exploit holes in the security systems that publishers and libraries have put in place. Some hacking of usernames and passwords is caused by phishing or other credential breaches, for which the solution is education and better security practices. On the other hand, content security is destroyed by the willingness of some in the academic community to "donate" their log-in credentials. No security system, regardless of how well it is architected, can solve the "1D-10-T" problem presented by those willing to share their credentials with hackers in Kazakhstan.

These various problems are motivating many in the community to begin conversations about improving authentication. However, the process of development and implementation of such advancements is not simple. Publishers and institutions, each reliant on the other and each reluctant to move first, cannot impose their improvements to authentication issues by themselves. Plenty is at risk for institutions, libraries, and publishers, making it high time that the full community start serious conversations about creating more complete solutions for these issues facing us now.


Todd Carpenter’s Signature

Todd Carpenter

Executive Director

NISO Reports

NISO Releases Draft Altmetrics Recommended Practices on Data Metrics, Alternative Outputs, and Persistent Identifiers

The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) seeks comments on three draft documents related to Altmetrics: NISO RP-25-201x-2A, Alternative Outputs in Scholarly Communications: Data Metrics; NISO RP-25-201x-2B, Persistent Identifiers in Scholarly Communications; and NISO RP-25-201x-2C, Alternative Outputs in Scholarly Communications.

These documents are the latest outputs from NISO's Altmetrics Initiative, a project funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. The project aims to address limitations and gaps that may hinder the adoption of altmetrics, an expansion of tools available for measuring scholarly impact of research in the knowledge environment. Other working groups participating in the project have released drafts on Altmetrics Definitions and Use Cases and a Code of Conduct for Provider Data Quality.

NISO RP-25-201x-2A, Alternative Outputs in Scholarly Communications: Data Metrics emphasizes the necessity for data to be citable and its use to be measurable.The second two draft documents, NISO RP-25-201x-2B, Persistent Identifiers in Scholarly Communications and NISO RP-25-201x-2C, Alternative Outputs in Scholarly Communications, are largely comprised of tables that offer overviews of important aspects of scientific communication today.

The Persistent Identifiers document recognizes that DOIs are only one type of identifier among the many available to researchers today, and describes the importance of related efforts in a variety of scholarly domains to identify research outputs of various types. The authors encourage those community members working to support open science and interoperability to use persistent identifiers to measure, evaluate, and report on the effectiveness of research infrastructure and communication whenever possible.

NISO RP-25-201x-2C, Alternative Outputs in Scholarly Communication offers a current list of nontraditional research outputs, displaying the rich array of scholarly products that are created during the research process. The included table provides brief descriptions of the various kinds of materials being produced, from new cell lines to W3C standards; notes examples of known current efforts and by whom these are being undertaken; and offers relevant links.

The draft Recommended Practices are open for public comment through June 11, 2016. To download the drafts or submit online comments, visit the NISO Altmetrics Initiative web page at http://www.niso.org/topics/tl/altmetrics_initiative/.

NISO Contributes to Annual Meeting of ISO Technical Committee for Information and Documentation, TC 46

The annual meeting of the International Organization for Standardization's ISO/TC 46 Information and documentation took place in Wellington, New Zealand, from May 9-13, 2016.

NISO Executive Director Todd Carpenter notes, "Some important questions were resolved at the meeting, and the groundwork for several initiatives laid out, making it a great success." He adds, "NISO owes a debt of gratitude to the outgoing chair of SC 11, David Moldrich, who has served in that role for 18 years. He has made a tremendous difference to the world of records management. NISO joins the other members of TC 46 in welcoming Judith Ellis as the incoming chair in January."

In the NISO June Open Teleconference held last month, Carpenter described some of the events and achievements of TC 46 in New Zealand.

ISO/TC 46 Information and documentation
TC 46 is the highest level committee that convened at the New Zealand meeting. Several TC-level Working Groups met, including WG 4, which is responsible for a revision of ISO 8 Presentation of periodicals. Laurie Kaplan of Proquest chairs this working group considering the inclusion in ISO 8, formerly focused on print periodicals, of recommendations for electronic journals put forward via NISO RP-16-2013, PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals. ISO 3166, Country Codes is one of the more important standards that TC 46 oversees. TC 46 has expanded the number of participants included in WG 7, the working group responsible for this standard, and continues to seek another country to join in the work.

ISO/TC 46/SC 4 Technical interoperability
This Technical Committee's (TC) discussions focused primarily on long-term-digital-preservation resources, a concern that has become a key work area for SC 4. The subcommittee has been working for some time on standardizing the EPUB format produced by IDPF (the International Digital Publishing Forum), and has been working with ISO subcommittee ISO/TC20/SC 13 on the OAIS model and its revision.

SC 4 also has a number of active working groups, which are considering issues concerning RFID, interlibrary loan, and metadata and protocols for long term preservation. The subcommittee is undertaking a minor revision of the WARC file format standard and, working with the DCMI (Dublin Core Metadata Initiative), is considering a minor revision of the Dublin Core metadata standard, ISO 15836:2009. The revision will have two parts: Part 1 will include the current 15 core elements with minor revisions, and part 2, which is new, will focus on Dublin Core terms and classes and will bring the standard in line with the extensions work that DCMI has done.

ISO/TC 46/SC 8 Quality - Statistics and performance evaluation
Among the smallest of the subcommittees participating in TC 46, SC 8 is concerned with quality statistics and performance evaluation for libraries, publishers, and other information organizations. The group recently saw an important change in its secretariat: Deutsches Institut für Normung, or DIN, the German national standards body, resigned from this role in December 2015, and KATS, the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, has taken over. Though SC 8 members didn't have many in-person representatives at the meeting, there were updates on the work being undertaken. ISO 18461, which covers museum statistics, was recently published, and, seeking to work on an international statistics project for archives, SC8 has completed a related committee draft in this area and anticipates a 2018 project. In the meantime, work on new key indicators for museums was approved this spring and will be published as will be published as ISO 21246. SC 8 will next meet in Germany in September.

ISO/TC 46/SC 9 Identification and description
SC 9, the group in which NISO takes a leadership role serving as its Secretariat, covers Identification and description of published content. SC 9 sponsored meetings of two working groups: one working group on ISO 20147, the International Library Item Identifier, which this weekend released a Committee Draft of its standard, and one of the working group that is revising ISO 3901, the International Standard Recording Code, whose draft is out for ballot until July (see Forthcoming ISO Ballots). Two ad hoc groups also met, one on the interoperability of identifiers, and the other on registration authorities. The former group discussed mapping the metadata associated with identifiers and trying to create linkages between the various elements.

ISO 17316:2015, Information and documentation -- International standard link identifier (ISLI) was published last year; the International Information Content Industry Association, its Registration Authority, is making great progress in its support and promotion of the standard.

ISO 2108, International Standard Book Number (ISBN): The approval ballot related to a revision of this standard closed on May 12; it passed with approval from all voters and will progress to publication.

ISO 15707 International Standard Musical Work Code (ISWC): Decisions on the revision of this standard have been delayed because not enough countries have submitted names of experts who could work on it. These member countries have been reminded of their obligation, and it is hoped that revision work will start shortly. ISO 999: Guidelines for the content, organization and presentation of indexes and ISO 5963: Methods for examining documents, determining their subjects, and selecting indexing terms: These related standards are out of date and an ad hoc group, appointed for analysis purposes, proposed that they should be merged through a revision of ISO 999. Once the revision of ISO 999 has been published, it is proposed that ISO 5963 will be withdrawn.

ISO 3297: International standard serial number (ISSN): A minor revision of this standard, with some editorial changes, was published in April. A related ballot regarding a systematic review of the standard focusing on broader issues is currently out for voting by TC 46 members.

ISO/TC 46/SC 10 Requirements for document storage and conditions for preservation
SC 10 is focused on long-term preservation of physical materials. The group held its plenary meeting in New Zealand, and key to the session was consideration of a new project on emergency preparedness for cultural institutions.

ISO/TC 46/SC 11 Archives/records management
SC 11, perhaps the most active subcommittee within TC 46, focuses on archives and records management. The major news for SC 11 was that its chair, David Moldrich, is stepping down after 18 years of service, and a new chair, Judith Ellis, has been appointed to begin her role at the next SC 11 meeting. As part of its overall set of meetings, SC 11 held a very engaging discussion related to appraisal, systems design, and records management in the cloud. In addition, SC 11 is working on revision to ISO 16175, Principles and functional requirements for records in electronic office environments, parts 1, 2, and 3. The subcommittee is also expanding metadata to ISO 22310, Guidelines for standards drafters for stating records management requirements in standards, and looking at the vocabulary and requirements for the ISO 30300 series on managing records.

As NISO Executive Director Todd Carpenter mentioned during the teleconference on events at TC 46, several of the issues discussed at the Wellington Plenary Meeting will be balloted by NISO to the US TAG (Technical Advisory Group) in the coming months. Please contact us at nisohq@niso.org or at 301-654-2512 if you have questions or would like to be involved in this work.

NISO Seeks Volunteers to Help Revise Standards on Technical Reports, Controlled Vocabularies, and Bibliographic References

NISO seeks experts from the vendor, publishing, library, and information technology fields to work on the revision of three standards that are central to scholarly communication. Working on a NISO committee is a rewarding way to build your CV, gain contacts in the industry, and participate in creating the future of information exchange. The three standards in focus are:

ANSI/NISO Z39.18-2005 (R2010) Scientific and Technical Reports - Preparation, Presentation, and Preservation
See the current standard
Z39.18 outlines the elements, organization, and design of scientific and technical reports. It includes guidance for the uniform presentation of front and back matter, text, and visual and tabular matter in print and digital formats, as well as recommendations for multimedia reports. The committee that developed the standard in 2005 recognized that the way technical reports were organized had evolved over the past 30 years from a content-based organization pattern to a user-based one. Further changes have happened since that time, of course, and the huge growth in digitally formatted documents necessitates a revision of the standard.

ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010) Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies
See the current standard
Controlled vocabularies are the backbone of knowledge organization systems. They seek to describe information in a systematic way, by providing lists of acceptable terms. Supporting this kind of work is ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010), a standard that presents guidelines and conventions for the contents, display, construction, testing, maintenance, and management of controlled vocabularies.

The community has noted the need for general revisions and edits of this standard, such as replacing references to AACR2 (the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules) with references to RDA (Resource Description and Access) and revising references to ISO (International Organization for Standardization) standards to ensure they are the current versions. In some cases, definitions and terms used need improvement or refer to obsolete taxonomy approaches. Another reason for the planned revision is that some aspects of the guidance offered in the standard is contrary to common practice.

ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010) Bibliographic References
See the current standard
Citing work by others is a cornerstone of academic endeavor, and having one's work cited is crucial to an academic career. With the proliferation of formats in use in scholarly communication today, a tool that helps to create, organize, and maintain bibliographic referencing systems such as APA, MLA, and Chicago Style, and one for users of those systems, is essential. Such a standard was created in 2005.

Z39.29 provides rules, guidelines, and examples for the creation of bibliographic references to numerous types of print, audiovisual, and electronic materials, both published and unpublished. This standard is intended for a broad audience, including the creators of bibliographic references, the processors who publish and otherwise display references, and the ultimate users of those references. The standard was reaffirmed in 2010 with some open questions and comments from members of the community. Since that time additional questions have arisen. In some places, the standard is contrary to cataloging rules and current best practices; in other areas, it provides guidance that leads to confusion for users. In addition, there are some areas omitted that should be considered, and some of the guidance is in the wrong part of the standard.

If you are interested in volunteering to work on any of these standards, or would like any further information about what is involved with the work, please contact NISO's Associate Director for Programs, Nettie Lagace, at nlagace@niso.org.

NISO Webinar: Integrating Library Management Systems

Wednesday, June 8
1:00 P.M. - 2:30 PM, EST

Managing library resources and fulfilling user requests requires robust interaction among a variety of systems. From circulation systems and ebook collections to discovery services and OpenURL resolvers, interfaces to exchange data between systems are a key element of successful system deployment. Unfortunately, not every system works seamlessly with every other. Integration is often painful, especially with systems from competing providers. The process can be complicated by proprietary access, the lack of APIs, or specific exchange standards. This lack of interoperability frustrates users of the content or services the library is providing.

This webinar will cover key elements of how to manage an integration projects and what to look for in deploying these systems. Participants will learn via case studies from several successful, and some less successful, integration efforts in libraries.

Confirmed speakers include Marshall Breeding, Independent Consultant, Library Technology; Ellen Bishop, Director, Integrated Library Services, Florida Academic Library Services Cooperative-FLVC; Susan Johns-Smith, Coordinator of Library Systems and Consortia, Pittsburg State University; and Fred A. Reiss, Head of Digital Data/Metadata and E-Content Licensing Services, Library Technology Platforms, University of Oklahoma Libraries.

For more about this event, please visit the event page.

NISO Virtual Conference: BIBFRAME and Real-world Applications of Linked Bibliographic Data

Wednesday, June 15
11:00 A.M. - 5:00 PM, EST

In the four years since the Library of Congress launched the BIBFRAME project, a tremendous amount of progress has been made in transforming traditional bibliographic information using new structures that are more grounded in linked data and web-centric principles. This virtual conference will explore implementations of BIBFRAME data and related approaches to sharing and interacting with bibliographic data. Speakers will address active projects based on linked data and how those services are improving interactions and discovery of information resources.

Confirmed speakers include: Shana McDanold, Georgetown University; Carolyn Hansen, University of Cincinnati; Ted Lawless, Thomson Reuters; Melanie Wacker, Columbia University; Michael Lauruhn, Elsevier; Tim Thompson, Princeton University; Beacher J.E. Wiggins, Library of Congress; Eric Miller, Zepheira; and Carl Stahmer, University of California-Davis.

For more about this event, please visit the event page.

ICSTI-NISO Joint Webinar
Text and Data Mining: The Way Forward as Seen by the Library, Publisher, and Research Communities

Thursday, June 30
10:00 A.M. - 11:30 AM, EST

Text and Data Mining (TDM) facilitates the discovery, selection, structuring, and analysis of large numbers of documents or sets of data, enabling the visualization of results in new ways to support innovation and the development of new knowledge. In both academia and commercial contexts, TDM is increasingly recognized as a means to extract, re-use, and leverage additional value from published information, by linking concepts, addressing specific questions, and creating efficiencies. But TDM in practice is not straightforward. TDM methodology and use are fast changing but are not yet matched by the development of enabling policies.

This webinar provides a review of where we are today with TDM, as seen from the perspective of the researcher, library, and licensing-publisher communities.

Confirmed speakers include: Audrey McCulloch, Chief Executive, Association of Learned Professional and Society Publishers (ALPSP) and Director of the Publishers Licensing Society; Michael Levine-Clark, Dean and Director of Libraries, University of Denver; Jeremy Frey, Professor of Physical Chemistry, Head of Computational Systems Chemistry, University of Southampton, UK; and Ellen Finnie, Head, Scholarly Communications & Collections Strategy, MIT Libraries.

Please note that this event is not part of the regularly scheduled NISO webinar series included in the LSA NISO membership and requires a separate registration fee. To register, please visit the event page.


Don't forget to include these NISO events in your schedule for ALA in Orlando!

NISO/BISG 10th Annual Forum at the American Library Association 2016 Annual Meeting
The Changing Standards Landscape: The User Experience
Friday, June 24, 2016, 12:00 P.M.-4:00 P.M., EDT
Orange County Convention Center, Room W103B

In the tenth annual Changing Standards Landscape event, we'll examine the full spectrum of the user experience with ebooks, including patron attitudes toward digital borrowing and reading, privacy and security of patron data, and the increasingly important area of digital book accessibility standards and best practices. The Forum, which is sponsored by Bowker and Crossref, will open with a discussion on the findings of a recent joint ALA/BISG survey illuminating patron attitudes on digital library usage.

Please RSVP here, and for more information, visit the event page.

NISO Altmetrics Initiative: Supporting Altmetrics in the Community
Saturday, June 25, 2016, 2:00-3:30 P.M, EDT
Hyatt Regency Orlando
Room Bayhill 22

NISO's Altmetrics Initiative is now in its final stages, with several community-crafted documents nearly at publication stage. This session will discuss the creation of recommended practices intended to support further uptake of so-called "alternative" metrics and measurements for electronic publications: definitions and use cases describing altmetrics in general, recommendations for the use of data metrics, tools for supporting persistent identifiers, and a Code of Conduct for data providers. For more information, visit the event page.

NISO Standards Update Meeting
Sunday, June 26, 2016, 1:00-2:30 P.M., EDT
Hyatt Regency Orlando
Room Celebration 04

The NISO Update provides the latest news about NISO's current efforts, including standards, recommended practices and community meetings covering many areas of interest to the library community. Working group members will provide updates on projects newly underway or recently completed. Confirmed topics include the NISO Bibliographic Roadmap work; KBART (KnowledgeBases and Related Tools); SUSHI; and the Open Discovery Initiative. For more information, visit the event page.

Forthcoming ISO Ballots

NISO Voting members participate in the development, revision, and evaluation of standards. Voting members are able to influence the standards process and mold the future of the industry. The following NISO ballots are open and will close before the next newsletter is distributed. If you are a NISO Voting Member, log into your NISO page and you'll see the ballots linked there.

  • Review of ISO 11940-2:2007 Information and documentation - Transliteration of Thai characters into Latin characters Part 2: Simplified transcription of Thai language
    This part of ISO 11940 provides a specification for the conversion of Thai characters (or the transliteration of Thai obtained from ISO 11940:1998, written here) into a broad phonetic transcription.

    The ballot closes on Friday, June 3, 2016.

  • Technical Content of ISO/DIS 3901 (ISRC)

    The ISRC is applicable to music video recordings even if they have been assigned an International Standard Audiovisual Number (ISAN) in accordance with ISO 15706, or a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in accordance with ISO 26324, but it is not applicable to other forms of audiovisual recording.

    The ballot closes on Thursday, June 30, 2016.

New Specs & Standards

ISO Releases New Series of Standards on Mobile Payments

Mobile banking involves banking systems, phone types, and commercial and private parties. The ISO 12812 series of standards and technical specifications defines related terms, discusses technical aspects of the transactions, and defines the roles of the various parties to them. The series, being developed by working group 10 of ISO/TC 68/SC 7, includes:

  • ISO 12812-1, Core banking - Mobile financial services - Part 1: General framework
  • ISO/TS 12812-2, Core banking - Mobile financial services - Part 2: Security and data protection for mobile financial services
  • ISO/TS 12812-3, Core banking - Mobile financial services - Part 3: Financial application lifecycle management
  • ISO/TS 12812-4, Core banking - Mobile financial services - Part 4: Mobile payments-to-person
  • ISO/TS 12812-5, Core banking - Mobile financial services - Part 5: Mobile payments to business.

W3C's Data on the Web Best Practices Working Group Releases Drafts for Comment

The World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Data on the Web Best Practices Working Group has released three related drafts: "Data on the Web Best Practices" and the complementary "Data on the Web Best Practices: Dataset Usage Vocabulary" and "Data on the Web Best Practices: Data Quality Vocabulary." The aim of the material is to describe how data can best be shared, whether openly or not; how to structure citations, comments, and uses of data; and how to discuss data quality.

Thema version 1.2 Readies for Release

EDItEUR reports that the Thema International Steering Committee agreed most of the final details of the forthcoming revision to the book subject classification scheme during the London Book Fair in April. The committee has made available draft minutes from the meeting. The Technical Working Group focused on requirements that emerged from the increasing adoption of Thema. Examples of changes, explains EDItEUR, include that "A particularly interesting new 'narrative theme' has been introduced into the Fiction section at FXR, which in the global English language version of the scheme will be known as 'sense of place'. Specs4

ONIX 3.0.3 revision now available

ONIX 3.0.3, which represents a minor revision ratified at the London Book Fair, was recently published on the EDItEUR website. EDItEUR explains that, "This new release maintains the established cadence of minor revisions which add optional new functionality every two years. It broadens the range of metadata elements that can be carried in an ONIX message, meets some new or expanded requirements, and avoids adding unduly to the complexity of ONIX."

Media Stories

STM Future Trends 2020 Provides Publishers Insights on the Currents Affecting Them
Scholarly Kitchen, Assessment on the Ground, April 22, 2016; by Todd A. Carpenter

The International Association of STM Publishers' STM Future Trends for 2020 was released on April 28. During the Annual U.S. meeting of STM, NISO Executive Director Todd Carpenter sat down with Eefke Smit, the Director of Standards and Technology at STM, and Sam Bruinsma, Senior Vice President Business Development at Brill and chair of the STM Future Lab Committee, to discuss the team's output.

Linking Publications and Data: Challenges, Trends, and Opportunities
D-Lib Magazine, May/June 2016. Volume 22, Number 5/6; by Matthew S. Mayernik, Jennifer Phillips, and Eric Nienhouse

"This report outlines findings from a workshop titled 'Data & Publication Linking' held January 5, 2016 in Washington, D.C., funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation's (NSF) Open Access & Open Data initiative, and the NSF's EarthCube initiative. The workshop convened a discussion on the challenges and opportunities for cross-linking data and publication repositories."

A Scholarly Divide: Social Media, Big Data, and Unattainable Scholarship
First Monday, Volume 21, Number 5, May 2, 2016; by Asta Zelenkauskaite and Erik P. Bucy

Social media is producing a huge amount of raw data that should be a gold mine for researchers. Most don't know how to use it, though, resulting in an unfortunate divide between data science haves and have-nots.

How Large is the 'Public Domain'?: A Comparative Analysis of Ringer's 1961 Copyright Renewal Study and HathiTrust CRMS Data
College and Research Libraries News preprint. Accepted: March 29, 2016; Anticipated Publication Date: May 1, 2017; by John P. Wilkin

Reports vary about how many titles are in the public domain in this country. This paper explains that Barbara Ringer's "Study No. 31: Renewal of Copyright" (1960) found that 93 percent of titles published in the United States between 1923-1963 are public domain, whereas the IMLS-funded Copyright Review Management System (CRMS) project estimated that the figure was approximately 50 percent. Wilkin notes that "A better understanding of the size of the public domain, gaps in the portion of the public domain that has been digitized, the specific characteristics of the in-copyright corpus, and the problems and opportunities in the remainder can help drive digitization and rights clearance efforts." He therefore sets out to give an accurate figure.

NISO Note: University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Library is a NISO LSA Member.

Open Research Unlocks Career Opportunities: An Interview Featuring Meredith Niles
PLOScasts May 25, 2016; by Jen Laloup

Open access is great for research, but how can you work it into your career plan? In this podcast. Jen Laloup, Editorial Media Manager for PLOS, interviews Meredith Niles about how Niles used open research on her path to becoming an assistant professor of Nutrition and Food Sciences at the University of Vermont and a member of the Board of Directors at PLoS.

NISO Note: PLoS is a NISO Voting Member.

Dear Colleague Letter: Seeking Community Input on Advanced Cyberinfrastructure
National Science Foundation, May 26, 2016

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Advanced Cyberinfrastructure (ACI) Division "supports and coordinates the development, acquisition, and provision of state-of-the-art cyberinfrastructure resources, tools, and services essential to the advancement and transformation of science and engineering." Starting in 2013, NSF positioned the OCI within the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Now that this arrangement has been in place for several years, the foundation is assessing the situation, and seeks science and engineering community input on several questions.

Reality Check on Reproducibility
Nature editorial, May 25, 2016

A brief online survey of 1,576 researchers shows that most are concerned with the issues of reproducibility in science, says Nature. "Pressure to publish, selective reporting, poor use of statistics and finicky protocols can all contribute to wobbly work," says the journal, but one-third of respondents explain that they're already taking steps to combat the problem. Some have instituted workflows that avoid a particular researcher having too much control over results, and others have learned to analyze data collaboratively, for example.

Perspectives on Big Data, Ethics, and Society
Council for Big Data, Ethics, and Society, May 23, 2016; by Jacob Metcalf, Emily F. Keller, and danah boyd

The Council for Big Data, Ethics, and Society was established in 2014, and since then, says this white paper, its "reports, meetings, and ongoing conversations have consistently indicated that there is a disjunction between the familiar concepts and infrastructures of science and engineering, on the one hand, and the epistemic, social, and ethical dynamics of big data research and practice, on the other." The paper synthesizes the themes and issues that have emerged over the two years and describes some solutions that have been found, but, even more, promises a fascinating future for the Council and its future work.

LYRASIS and DuraSpace Announce Dissolution of "Intent to Merge"
LYRASIS press release, May 26, 2016

Not-for-profit organizations LYRASIS, which assists libraries, archives, and museums with content creation, and DuraSpace, which offers open-source repository software, have announced that they will not merge. The decision follows months of investigation and community input, including a membership town hall in May, after the organizations announced in January their intent to combine. Both LYRASIS and DuraSpace will now continue their current operations.

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) Explore Plans to Combine
W3C Press Release, May 10, 2016

Tim Berners-Lee, Web Inventor and W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) Director, and Bill McCoy, IDPF (International Digital Publishing Forum) Executive Director, announced at IDPF DigiCon at Book Expo America 2016 in Chicago that the two organizations intend to combine. While W3C will continue to develop the EPUB standard, the new organization will work to align the publishing industry with Web technology. The next steps are to solicit comments from the memberships of W3C and IDPF, and if the members agree, move forward with legal review and other practical details, with the goal of a combined organization by January of 2017.