NISO
ALA Annual 2015
Headshot of NISO Eexecutive Director, Todd Carpenter

June 2015

One of the distinguishing aspects of NISO's community is its diversity. Rather than being an organization that brings together and reinforces a particular profession, organization type, or agenda, NISO provides one of the few opportunities for a very diverse constituency to come together to address multiple types of issues.

This diversity comes to light in several contexts, and gives us an opportunity to understand the issues of others in our community, and also better comprehend different individual's issues and needs. This is true not only of the mix of participants on working groups, but in our membership, on our Board, and with our variety of leadership committees. Every time NISO is approached with a new project, that proposal generally elicits a lively conversation about how a related issue exists in other communities.

Two great examples of this are highlighted right now in our work. First is the patron privacy initiative that NISO has focused on over the past few months. This project has been picking up speed with three virtual conferences in May and an upcoming in-person meeting at the end of June at the ALA Annual conference. The goal of that meeting is to produce some draft library patron privacy principles regarding privacy in the various digital systems that facilitate discovery, manage their services, or provide patrons content. While many of those we are bringing together have a deep understanding of their own context related to patron privacy and the issues they face, NISO is providing a useful forum whereby librarians, publishers, and vendors can also share their business needs and pressures. It is this diversity that will be meaningful and add value to the considerable body of work on patron privacy.

Another view on this diversity is the international focus of a significant part of our work. I've repeatedly made the point that despite our association's name beginning with the word "National," NISO is deeply engaged in international activities. Even now, both Nettie Lagace and I are in Beijing for an international meeting of the ISO standards committees engaged in our community. While NISO does represent American interests to that ISO community, we also serve a neutral international role as the Secretariat for the group responsible for identifiers and description (TC 46/SC 9). That committee just published the new International Standard Link Identifier (ISO 17316) and is working on revisions to the identifiers for the book trade, ISBN (ISO 2108), and the recoding industry, the ISRC (ISO 3901).

In our larger society, both domestically and internationally, we need more opportunities to engage diverse communities and learn from each other. Many of you might not realize that NISO is based in Baltimore and while the unfortunate events of last month in our city didn't have a direct impact on our operations, it is worth noting that all communities require diversity to function at an optimum level. The lack of diversity–economic, social, and racial–was one of the root causes of the disruptions in some parts of Baltimore. The requisite need for diversity engagement, and interaction to be successful is true in cities, in biological systems, and in information exchange communities. While I don't want to overstate NISO's larger implication's we're not engaged in social issues like some non-profit organization's €”NISO does provide one of those forums where disparate perspectives can be shared, where we can learn from each other, and where we can all make this little corner of the world a bit better.

Todd Carpenter’s Signature

Todd Carpenter

Executive Director

NISO Reports

June 10 Webinar: Taking Your Website Wherever You Go: Delivering Great User Experience across Multiple Form Factors

The increased utilization of mobile devices for content consumption places demands on publishers to be more adept at engaging on mobile devices. As the device market has changed, size, capability, and usability of the devices continue to evolve rapidly. The capability of websites need to keep pace with the changing market both in terms of rendering content on devices and managing the access to the content.

One of the first waves of design called for using custom Apps for mobile devices. Many of the early adopters learned quickly that App maintenance consumed more resources than anyone had predicted.

Access management is another consideration for the mobile experience. Simply put, publishers want be sure that users are authorized to have access to content. In the academic environment, the task is particularly troublesome because students are transient and very mobile. Rather than setting up onerous, session–based manual login processes, content providers, usually enabled by hosting companies, have developed techniques to a pair of devices with authentication systems to ensure that access is available when requested, but not extended past a designated time frame. Management of this capability should be transparent intermediaries, such as librarians, but available for management should the need arise.

In this NISO Webinar, to be held on June 10 from 1:00–2:30 p.m. EDT, the following speakers will discuss multiple form factors including responsive web design and responsive design with server side components, that help institutions deliver a great experience to their users:

  • RESS: Responsive Web Design + Server Side ComponentsMarty Picco, Vice President of Product Management, Atypon
  • Providing Information across Multiple Devices to the Public Health Workforce: Challenges and OpportunitiesHathy Simpson, MPH, Public Health Information Specialist, Project Coordinator, Public Health Partners Website Project, National Network of Libraries of Medicine, New England Region (NN/LM NER), University of Massachusetts Medical School, and Lisa Sedlar, Librarian, National Information Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR), National Library of Medicine
  • User Experience (UX) and User Centered DesignBobby Foster, Director of User Experience & Design, Health Learning, Research & Practice, Wolters Kluwer

For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.

June 17 Virtual Conference: The Eternal To-Do List: Making E-books Work in Libraries

From scholarly monographs to textbooks, the range of e–book formats and use cases is rapidly expanding. Libraries are on the front lines of this issue, actively evolving their approach to offering e–books to meet patron needs and expectations. The webinar The Eternal To–Do List: Making E–books Work in Libraries will probe the key issues surrounding e–books from a variety of library, technology, and end–user viewpoints, and share experiences of how some libraries have met these challenges.

Led by the Keynote Presenter Suzanne M. Ward, Professor and Head of Collection Management, Purdue University Libraries and her opening presentation, E–Books: Promise into Practice, attendees are invited to participate in the community discussion for advancing e–book distribution and understanding their use.

Topics and Speakers

  • Keynote Address: E–Books: Promise into PracticeSuzanne M. Ward, Professor and Head of Collection Management, Purdue University Libraries

  • Evaluating Academic Ebook Platforms from a User PerspectiveChristina Mune, Academic Liaison Librarian, San Jose State University

  • Making Ebooks DiscoverableErica Findley, Cataloging/Metadata Librarian and Sandy Macke, Catalog and Metadata Administrator, Multnomah County Library
  • E–book Workflows: The Ongoing Challenges of Managing Materials and Improving DiscoverabilityMolly Beisler, MA, MLS, Head, Discovery Services, Mathewson–IGT Knowledge Center, University of Nevada
  • The Business Side: Making ebooks work in LibrariesMicah May, Director of Strategy & Business Development at New York Public Library
  • DDA: How best practices lead to a healthy bottom lineStephen Bosch, Materials Budget, Procurement, and Licensing Librarian, University of Arizona Library
  • Academic Libraries and the Scholarly Book Marketplace: Death by 1,000 [paper]cuts?Michael Zeoli, VP, Content Development & Partner Relations, YBP Library Services

This NISO Virtual Conference, to be held on June 17 from 11:00 a.m.–5:00p.m. EDT, will also include a Roundtable Discussion around the e–book €œecosystem and perspectives on the e– book supply chain, including acquisition, usage, and technological hurdles for accessibility and discoverability.

NISO at ALA Annual Conference! Visit NISO at Booth #414

NISO will be hosting a number of events and meetings during the ALA Annual Conference at San Francisco's Moscone Conference Center.

On Friday, June 26 from 12:00 p.m.–4:00 p.m.,NISO and BISG (Book Industry Study Group) will co-host the 9th Annual Changing Standards Landscape Forum. This year's theme Access or Ownership: Evolving Business Models and Your Institution, will examine the traditional print subscription services model process and how standardized business processes can efficiently get content from publishers through vendors to libraries and ultimately to patrons.

For planning purposes, please RSVP this free event, which is generously sponsored by CrossRef, Bowker, Highwire, and OCLC.

During the conference weekend, NISO will be hosting two free meetings on topics critical to the library and information communities.

On Saturday, June 27 from 3:00 p.m.–€“4:00 p.m. in Room: MCC–3008 (West Building), NISO will host The Future of Library Resource Discovery: Creating New Worlds for Users (and Librarians). Presenters will talk about the recent NISO White Paper by Marshall Breeding, The Future of Library Resource Discovery, as a way for libraries to assess content providers' participation in discovery services.

On Sunday, June 28 from 10:30 a.m.–11:30 a.m., those that are interested in patron privacy in the library setting are welcome to attend in meeting in Room: MCC - 3012 (West Building). NISO has been awarded a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to develop a Consensus Framework to Support Patron Privacy in Digital Library and Information Systems. The grant will support a series of community discussions on how libraries, publishers, and information systems providers can build better privacy protection into their operations. The grant will also support creation of a draft framework to support patron privacy and subsequent publicity of the draft prior to its advancement for approval as a NISO Recommended Practice.

The open forum at ALA Annual will serve as an overview to the June 29-30 Thought Leader meeting taking place right after the conference, and those in the community interested in this work are invited to participate in the event as a virtual attendee via Live Stream. With generous support from the Mellon Foundation, NISO is able to broadcast the 1.5 day meeting through the NISO website.

If you are interested in virtual attendance, please fill out this brief survey: NISO Privacy Project Live Stream RSVP. Login directions will be emailed to the address you provide by Wednesday, June 24. If you have any questions about virtual attendance, please contact Juliana Wood, Educational Program Manager.

NISO Standards Update @ ALA Annual Conference

Join NISO for the Annual Standards Update in San Francisco during the ALA Annual Conference. NISO's program will be held on Sunday, June 28 from 1:00 p.m.–2:30 p.m. at Rm. 228-230 of the Moscone Convention Center, (South Building). No registration is needed.

The NISO Update provides the latest news about NISO's current efforts, including standards, recommended practices, and community meetings covering many areas of interest to the library community. Working group members will provide updates on projects newly underway or recently completed including:

  • Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART)

  • Project Transfer

  • NISO Altmetrics Working Groups

  • NISO Bibliographic Roadmap

And be sure to drop by NISO Booth #414 in the Exhibits area.

Save the Date! The Future of Library Resource Discovery Forum

NISO will host a two–day meeting to take place in Baltimore, Maryland on October 5 & 6, 2015 on The Future of Library Resource Discovery. In February 2015, NISO's Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee commissioned a White Paper from library consultant Marshall Breeding. The in–person meeting will be an extension of the white paper with a series of presenters and panels to offer an overview of the current resource discovery environment. Attendees will participate in conversations that will examine possibilities regarding how these technologies, methodologies, and products might be able to adapt to changes in the evolving information landscape in scholarly communications and to take advantage of new technologies, metadata models, or linking environments to better accomplish the needs of libraries to provide access to resources.

New Specs & Standards

ONIX for Books Codelists 29 Released

From the document: "All ONIX users should note that this is the second issue of the ONIX codelists following the 'sunset' of ONIX version 2.1 support at the end of 2014."

Schema.org 2.0 Released

From the Schema.org blog, "As schema.org adoption has grown, a number of groups with more specialized vocabularies have expressed interest in extending schema.org with their terms. Examples of this include real estate, product, finance, medical, and bibliographic information. Even in something as common as human names, there are groups interested in creating the vocabulary for representing all the intricacies of names. Groups that have a special interest in one of these topics often need a level of specificity in the vocabulary and operational independence. We are introducing a new extension mechanism which we hope will enable these and many other groups to extend schema.org."

ISO 10160:2015, Information and documentation – Open Systems Interconnection – Interlibrary Loan Application Service Definition

From the ISO Web Site:

"ISO 10160:2015 is an Application Layer standard within the Open Systems Interconnection framework defined by ISO 7498.

ISO 10160:2015 defines the services for Interlibrary Loan. These services are provided by the use of the ILL protocol in conjunction with the supporting telecommunications service which might be a store-and-forward messaging service, such as that provided by the MOTIS Standard, ISO/IEC 10021-4; or a direct connection-mode service using ISO 8822 and ISO 8649.

ISO 10160:2015 does not specify individual implementations or products, nor does it constrain the implementation of entities and interfaces within a computer system. Computer systems might range from stand-alone workstations to mainframes.

ISO 10160:2015 is intended for use by libraries, information utilities such as union catalogue centres, and any other system which processes bibliographic information. These systems might participate in an interlibrary loan transaction in the role of requester (i.e., an initiator of ILL requests), responder (i.e., a provider of bibliographic material or information) and/or intermediary (i.e., an agent that acts on behalf of a requester to find suitable responders)."

ISO 17316:2015, Information and documentation -- International standard link identifier (ISLI)

From the ISO Website:

"ISO 17316:2014 specifies an identifier of links between entities (or their names) in the field of information and documentation. These entities can be documents, media resources, people, or more abstract items such as times or places.

The ISLI system identifies links between entities that are related to each other so that, for instance, they can be rendered jointly. It does this by registering each link identifier with information (metadata) that specifies the link. The ISLI does not change the content, ownership, right of access, or existing identification of these entities.

This International Standard does not specify the technology used to represent the identifier or realize the link. It enables applications to be built which use the interoperable ISLI system for the identification of links."

A New Controlled Vocabulary Under Development: Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT)

From the Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate at the Library of Congress:

"As part of its ongoing effort to provide effective access to library materials, the Library of Congress is developing a new vocabulary, entitled Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT). This vocabulary will be used to describe the creators of, and contributors to, resources, and also the intended audience of resources. It will be created and maintained by the Policy and Standards Division, and be distinct from the other vocabularies that are maintained by that division: Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT), and the Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music (LCMPT).

The development of LCDGT is necessitated by two circumstances: the genre/form project and the growing popularity of faceted displays and searching.

The genre/form project formed the original impetus for creating a demographic terms vocabulary. Some LC subject headings—most notably the form headings for literature—include demographic information (e.g., Children's stories, American, in which stories is the form, children are the audience demographic, and American, the creator demographic). The use of LCSH form headings for works of literature will be phased out as LC genre/form terms for literature are implemented, necessitating another method for bringing out the audience and creator/contributor information. (LCSH form headings will still be assigned to works about literature.

New discovery interfaces also make a new vocabulary desirable. Subject headings such as Children's stories, American are assigned to works about American children's stories, and also to works that are American children's stories, so the computer cannot distinguish between the two types of works."

Media Stories

Upcoming NFAIS Workshop: Platforms that Perform: Taking Your Content to the Next Level

"This special NFAIS [National Federation of Advanced Information Services] Workshop, taking place at The Brookings Institution in Washington, DC, Thursday, June 18, features a distinguished group of speakers who will discuss their experiences and lessons learned in evaluating and implementing new content platforms within their organizations. This event's overall theme centers on key strategies publishers, government agencies, and scholarly societies should set to optimize the selection, adoption and migration of new platforms." (Read the full story)

NISO Note: NISO Executive Director Todd Carpenter will speak at this event.

Research Article: New Consortial Model for E-Books Acquisitions (Preprint)

The preprint was recently made available on the College & Research Libraries website. It is scheduled for final publication in the May 2016 issue of the journal.

From the Abstract: "E-books constitute major challenges for library collections generally and present fundamental problems for consortial collection development specifically. The Triangle Research Libraries Network (TRLN) and Oxford University Press (OUP) have created a mutually equitable and financially sustainable model for the consortial acquisition of e-books coupled with print titles needed to support instruction and research across the disciplinary spectrum within a transitional framework that is acceptable to users while moving both libraries and publishers to a decidedly electronic environment for monographs." (Read the full story)

NISO Note: NISO will hold a virtual conference titled, The Eternal To-Do List: Making E-books Work in Libraries on June 17, 2015.

Report and Recommendations from the Europeana Task Force on Metadata Quality

Europeana is a digital cultural heritage project from organizations across Europe.

From the Executive Summary: "Metadata quality is controlled by a set of processes which ensures that cultural heritage objects can be identified, discovered, and seen in context by audiences, in a manner appropriate to the context in which the data provider created them. Metadata must include information on the potential reuse of cultural heritage objects."

The report defines good quality metadata as:

  1. Resulting from a series of trusted processes
  2. Findable
  3. Readable
  4. Standardised
  5. Meaningful to audiences
  6. Clear on reuse
  7. Visible

(Read the full story)

NISO Note: The Spring/Summer 2012 issue of NISO's Information Standards Quarterly included the article, "Europeana: Moving to Linked Open Data" by Antoine Isaac, Robina Clayphan, and Bernhard Haslhofer.

What Is The Future For ISBN?

An interview with Stella Griffiths, Executive Director of the International ISBN Agency.

(Read the full story)

NISO Note: The Winter 2014 issue of NISO's Information Standards Quarterly noted the launch of the ISBN Global Register, a free online searchable resource from the International ISBN Agency.

American Library Association Publishes "Digital Futures" Supplement

Digital Futures is the fifth American Libraries magazine supplement on ebooks and digital content. It is produced by the ALA's Office of Information Technology Policy (OITP) and was guest edited by OITP's director, Alan S. Inouye.

The supplement contains nine articles on a variety of topics including the National Digital Platform, digital preservation, and library privacy.

The supplement runs 44 pages and is free to read online and/or download in PDF.

(Read the full story)

NISO Note: The American Library Association is a member of NISO.