November 2014

Business Information Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Denise Davis (Sacramento Public Library), Christine Stamison (Northeast Research Libraries Consortium)


Demand-Driven Acquisitions Working Group

Co-chairs: Barbara Kawecki (YBP Library Services); Michael Levine-Clark (University of Denver)
DDA Workroom

Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs Recommended Practice (NISO RP-20-2014)

The Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs Recommended Practice, a document that will be of tremendous use to libraries and vendors, was published by NISO in late June. This comprehensive document includes recommendations covering overall goals and objectives for a library's DDA program, profiling, management of MARC records (methods for automated updating and removal of discovery records), means for local program assessment, and considerations for consortia and public libraries.

In addition to the Recommended Practice, the DDA Working Group published a summary of surveys it conducted as part of its research on areas of technical processes, access methods, and metric modeling.

Creation of a Standing Committee to manage education, promotion, and further adjudication of potential updates to the Recommended Practice is now under way. If you are interested in potential participation in this group, please contact Nettie Lagace, NISO Associate Director of Programs ( To receive updates on the work of this group, subscribe to its announcement list

PIE-J (Presentation & Identification of E-Journals) Standing Committee PIE-J: Presentation and Identification of E-Journals

Co-chairs: Ed Cilurso (Taylor & Francis), Sarah (Sally) Glasser (Hofstra University)
PIE-J Workroom

PIE-J Recommended Practice (NISO RP-16-2013)

The PIE-J Recommended Practice, PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals (NISO RP-16-2013) was published in 2013. It provides guidance to publishers and platform providers on the presentation of e-journals—a critical component of the global scholarly infrastructure—particularly in the areas of title presentation, accurate use of ISSN, and citation practices. The PIE-J RP is intended to alleviate the problems encountered by end users when working online to access article-based materials using citation elements. Additionally, two forms of a brochure describing PIE-J are available via the PIE-J Workroom page.

The PIE-J Standing Committee is charged with responding to specific questions about the Recommended Practice, gathering comments for a full review of the Recommended Practice document, and promoting PIE-J. As part of this work, the Standing Committee has made available a template on the PIE-J website for librarians wishing to contact publishers and providers with concerns about the presentation of e-journals on their websites. The template includes suggested wording but is completely customizable.

Recent public presentations on behalf of PIE-J have included a poster presentation at the Charleston Conference in November 2014.

SERU (Shared E-Resource Understanding) Standing Committee SERU logo

Co-chairs: Adam Chesler (Business Expert Press), Anne McKee (Greater Western Library Alliance)
SERU Workroom
SERU Recommended Practice (NISO RP-7-2012)

The SERU Recommended Practice, updated in 2012 to be more flexible for use with online products beyond e-journals, continues to be supported by its Standing Committee through efforts to publicize SERU and educate libraries and publishers via direct contacts and public presentations at industry conferences. Support includes the SERU public workroom pages, which are intended to help publishers and libraries understand and use the SERU material. The SERU Registry continues to be updated with new supporters of SERU and is intended to enable publishers and librarians to more easily identify each other; in the last quarter 8 new publishers and 7 new libraries have been added.

SUSHI (Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative) Standing Committee SUSHI logo

Co-chairs: Marie Kennedy (Loyola Marymount University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Workroom
SUSHI standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2013)
COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-2012)

This Standing Committee provides maintenance and support for ANSI/NISO Z39.93, The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol, and acts as the maintenance group for the COUNTER schema by providing recommendations to COUNTER and making changes to the COUNTER XML schemas (as approved by COUNTER). The main activities of the Standing Committee are to initiate relevant changes to the SUSHI schema in light of the release of COUNTER 4 and to make applicable updates to the SUSHI workroom pages. The group works under a continuous maintenance procedure, which enables it to more smoothly shuttle through further updates to the standard; an updated standard has been approved by its NISO Voting Pool and will be published soon, after approval by ANSI.

Recent activities have included creation of further sample reports and tools, to be used by SUSHI developers, and ensuring SUSHI support materials are congruent with the new community web site, USUS. The more streamlined SUSHI Server Registry is also now available to better support information sharing on support of COUNTER 4.

SUSHI 'Lite' Working Group

Co-chairs: Paul Needham (Cranfield University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Lite Workroom
SUSHI Lite Work Item

The SUSHI Lite Working Group is creating a NISO Technical Report which explores the potential adaptation of the SUSHI Standard to accommodate present day development tools and usage needs related to retrieving 'snippets' of usage through web services. Three objectives of the technical report, intended to be published in early 2015, are to:

  • Allow smaller units of usage ("snippets") to be retrieved with SUSHI to enable SUSHI to become the standard for implementing real-time retrieval of usage for single journals or articles, as is becoming the practice within e-resource workflows and systems offering alternative metric displays.

  • Allow for an optional implementation of SUSHI with the web services that would be accessing SUSHI snippets—specifically, a RESTful HTTP interface with COUNTER usage data returned in JSON format.

  • Introduce a generalized filter specification that can be used with the new RESTful/JSON approach. These filters would allow the client to refine the request to a single book, journal, or article, or to specify extended data like account or customer details that are currently not available in the current standard.

The group's current activities are exploration and discussion/debate of various technical aspects of the space. Members are also creating demonstration code which could be used to test the report's theories.

Transfer Standing Committee

Co-chairs: Alison Mitchell (Nature Publishing Group), Elizabeth Winter (Georgia Institute of Technology)

The aim of the Transfer initiative, begun by the United Kingdom Serials Group (UKSG) in 2006, is to support smooth and uninterrupted access to content by librarians and readers when a journal changes ownership and online content is transferred from a transferring publisher to a receiving publisher. UKSG announced the availability of the updated Transfer Code of Practice, Version 3.0, in March 2014. More recently, Transfer is moving from UKSG to NISO for further support, education, and potential future revisions to be provided by a NISO Standing Committee.

The Transfer Code of Practice was first published in 2006 and revised in 2008. It was observed that as journals were more fully accessed online, when they were moved from one publisher to another publisher there were often numerous tasks related to online subscriber access that were not well understood or communicated; this situation often led to sudden and sometimes sustained loss of online access by journal readers and became the source of corresponding frustration for readers and subscribing libraries. The concise six-page Code of Practice establishes general principles around the concept of transferring access to journals from one publisher or publishing platform to another and lists numerous roles and responsibilities for each of the transferring and receiving publishers covering particular areas of online content. Associated documentation (not considered part of the Code) provides further details on terminology, background of the initiative and suggested supporting data templates.

Publishers volunteer to become Transfer-compliant by stating that they agree with the roles and responsibilities listed in the Code of Practice and that they will apply it in practice should the situation arise. Transfer-compliant publishers are listed on the Publisher Endorsement web page. An alerting service is also available at the Enhanced Transfer Alerting Service; this tool gives advance notification to libraries and third parties, such as subscription agents, regarding journals that are moving. Publishers are not required to sign up to the Code, and there is no sanction if a publisher does not; but it is hoped that as the Code of Practice delineates an industry-standard best practice, statements of Transfer compliance provide a common understanding between publishers on the tasks associated with journal transfer and thus support an efficient handover, clearly beneficial to any business transaction.

More information about Transfer's move to NISO will be available in the next issue of Working Group Connection.

Z39.7 Data Dictionary Standing Committee

Chair: Martha Kyrillidou, Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
Z39.7 Data Dictionary

The Information Services and Use: Metrics & statistics for libraries and information providers – Data Dictionary (ANSI/NISO Z39.7) is an online standard, available in HTML and PDF versions, that is continuously maintained; the fifth edition was released in summer 2013. The purpose of the Data Dictionary is to assist the information community by indicating and defining useful quantifiable information to measure the resources and performance of libraries and to provide a body of valid and comparable data on American libraries. It identifies standard definitions, methods, and practices relevant to library statistics activities in the United States. The Data Dictionary is provided online, and any user may submit suggested changes. The Standing Committee then reviews these suggestions during its scheduled monthly phone calls.

Also as part of its work, the Standing Committee scans and reviews the statistical survey landscape and examines other assessment efforts—including use of particular vocabularies—in the community for effects on the Data Dictionary. The Standing Committee also watches closely conferences and papers such as those at the recent 2014 Library Assessment Conference, the ACRL Webcast Series, the Library Edge initiative, and ISO's TC46/SC8 group.

For notifications about approved future revisions to the standard, subscribe to the Z39.7 notification mailing list.

Content & Collection Management Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Marti Heyman (Cengage); Betty Landesman (University of Baltimore)


Journal Article Versions (JAV) Addendum Working Group

Chair: Open
JAV Addendum Workroom

In 2008, the NISO Journal Article Version (JAV) working group developed a set of recommended terms to be applied to iterations of an article's lifecycle. The terms were assigned scope and definition that allow for actionable, unambiguous, and reliable tools for publishers, librarians, aggregators, indexers, and end users. As JAV was adopted, the scope of the term "proof" was found to be less precise and more difficult to apply than the other terms and a proposal was made to issue an Addendum to address this problem.

This Working Group met during 2013 and discussed perspectives on drafting the addendum to JAV regarding the "proof" category of articles as described above, and considered a proposal for an overall metadata framework or dictionary for JAV, in which its terms could be incorporated—meaning that different users of JAV could utilize their own local terms as part of the overall framework without collision. The group went on hiatus in the fall due to chair staffing issues, but it is hoped that work can re-commence in early 2015.

Protocol for Exchanging Serial Content (PESC) Working Group

Co-chairs: Leslie Johnston (National Archives and Records Administration), Kimberly Tryka (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
PESC Workroom
Draft PESC Recommended Practice for Public Comment

The PESC Working Group is creating a NISO Recommended Practice to describe a packaging specification to be used for exchange and archiving of serial publications. The draft Recommended Practice is now available for public comment through December 5.

Many different organizations, such as libraries, archives, indexing services, content aggregators, publishers, and content creators exchange and work with the diverse digital files that comprise serial content. There are many reasons for copies of serial content to be transferred from organization to organization, and even within a single organization, many times during the lifecycle of the content. When exchanging content, the files that comprise a serial "publication" are packaged together in some manner and these packages can be highly variable. The PESC recommendations offer guidance to members of the scholarly communication community on preferred practices for the packaging and exchange of serial content that will enable the automation of processes to receive and manage serial content at scale. By following these practices, organizations can make it clear what content has been transmitted, how it is organized, and what processing is required when a new package is received.

PESC Member Laurie Kaplan presented The Importance of PESC: an Emerging NISO Recommended Practice at the Charleston Conference in November. PESC was also featured on the November 2014 NISO Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available.

Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) Standing Committee

Co-chairs: Jeff Beck (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine), B. Tommie Usdin (Mulberry Technologies, Inc.)
JATS Workroom

JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012 (HTML)
JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012) (PDF)

The JATS Standing Committee utilizes Continuous Maintenance procedures to determine appropriate actions to be taken on comments received on ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, the intellectual successor to the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite version 3.0. Comments on JATS are managed by the Standing Committee, and considered for inclusion in updated drafts. The most recent publicly-available work is JATS 1.1d1, a draft publication. The JATS Standing Committee is now finalizing formal responses to more recent input and updates to the standard, with the intent of combining all this 2013-2014 input as part of an updated JATS standard to be approved and published early next year.

Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee

Chair: Pascal Calarco (University of Waterloo)


Access and License Indicators Working Group

Co-chairs: Ed Pentz (CrossRef), Cameron Neylon (PLOS), Greg Tananbaum (SPARC)
Access and License Indicators Workroom

The Access and License Indicators Working Group, formerly known as the Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group, is defining a structure for standardized bibliographic metadata to describe the accessibility of journal articles as well as describing how "open" the item is via tagging to link to the item's license terms. This document is meant to provide a solution to the problem where many offerings are available from publishers under the banner of Open Access (OA), Increased Access, Public Access, or other descriptions, and the terms offered vary between publishers and, in some cases, based on the funding organization of the author. A number of publishers also offer hybrid options in which some articles are "open" while the rest of the journal's content is available only by subscription or license, and no standardized bibliographic metadata currently provides information on whether a specific article is freely readable and what re-use rights might be available to readers.

The Access and License Indicators Working Group's Recommended Practice is now close to publication, following an open comment period earlier this year where over 100 comments were received, which represents the most comments received for any NISO document in several years. Following formal Working Group approval, it will be presented to the Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee for final approval before NISO publication. To follow the work of this group, subscribe to the OA Indicators mailing list.

NISO Knowledge Bases And Related Tools (KBART) Standing Committee KBART logo

Co-chairs: Magaly Bascones (JISC), Ben Johnson (Proquest)
Contact KBART Chairs for endorsement approval
KBART Workroom (NISO)
Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART) Recommended Practice (NISO RP-9-2014)

The KBART Recommended Practice, published earlier this year by NISO, builds on the recommendations of the first version of the recommended practice to specifically address areas of metadata for e-books and conference proceedings, packages licensed via consortia deals, and describe how open access metadata might be published and shared in knowledge bases while continuing to supply a format for general transfer of journal data to the knowledge base of a link resolver supplier. A KBART Standing Committee has been convened to provide support and education activities for KBART. The KBART Registry continues to be maintained by the Standing Committee to include details of contacts, URLs, and instructions relating to the transfer of e-resource metadata between content providers and link resolvers. Now that the updated Recommended Practice is available, registrants are requested to update their endorsement details pursuant to the new recommendations.

To follow the group's activities, subscribe to the KBART interest mailing list.

NCIP (NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol) Standing Committee

Chair: Mike Dicus (Ex Libris)
NCIP Workroom
NCIP Standing Committee
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange - Part 1: Protocol (NCIP)
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

The NCIP Standing Committee operates via Continuous Maintenance procedures to manage the latest NCIP standard, version 2.02, which was published in 2012. On monthly calls the committee reviews status of implementations and other general business. Meetings are held in person at least once a year in order to review any ongoing updates to the NCIP protocol per the Standing Committee's continuous maintenance procedure and to discuss other related issues of interest to the members of the Standing Committee.

Recent monthly conference calls have focused on the status of implementation projects and the progress of maintenance of the NCIP website, which has been recently taken over by the Standing Committee. NCIP was the topic of the October NISO Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available.

Open Discovery Initiative Standing Committee ODI logo

Co-chairs: Lettie Conrad (SAGE Publications), Laura Morse (Harvard University)
ODI Workroom

ODI Recommended Practice (NISO RP-19-2014)

The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) Recommended Practice, published in June 2014, is directed toward the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search. The published document includes background on the discovery landscape, recommendations in the areas of technical formats for data format and data transfer; communication of libraries' rights regarding specific content; descriptors regarding particular levels of indexing for content; definition of fair linking to published content; and determination of appropriate usage statistics to be collected to address stakeholder needs. It has met with much interest from the community and a Standing Committee has been formed to support and publicize ODI, as well as to determine whether and when further recommendations should be studied and written.

Recent public activity discussing ODI has included several lively presentations at the Charleston Conference in November 2014. ODI will be the topic of the December NISO Open Teleconference on December 8. Those interested in following the work of this effort can join the ODI observer mailing list.

ResourceSync Working GroupResourceSync logo

Co-chairs: Todd Carpenter (NISO), Herbert Van de Sompel (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
ResourceSync Workroom
ANSI/NISO Z39.99-2014, ResourceSync Framework Specification

ResourceSync, a specification which describes a synchronization framework for the web consisting of various capabilities that allow third party systems to remain synchronized with a server's evolving resources, was formally approved by ANSI and published in May 2014 as ANSI/NISO Z39.99-2014. The core ResourceSync group was funded by the Sloan Foundation and was augmented by other industry and research participants, some of whom were sponsored by JISC.

The problem that ResourceSync was designed to solve spans the areas of search, discovery, deposit, metadata harvesting, and transfer; there is a need to keep collections of resources in sync so that additions, updates, and deletions of one are reflected in the other. The ResourceSync standard was written in such a way that individual capabilities could be combined to meet local requirements. A server may also describe synchronization capabilities that it supports and means through which third party systems may discover this support. The core functionality of the specification is intended to represent a functional replacement of OAI-PMH. (Other features, such as push notification and archive capabilities are in beta draft form through separate documents, not currently part of the material part of NISO/ANSI standardization.)

A quick overview of ResourceSync, via YouTube, is available at and also via the group's NISO webpage.

Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) Working Group

Co-chairs: John Bodfish (OCLC), Ted Koppel (Auto-Graphics)
SIP Workroom

Introduced by 3M in 1993, the Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) provides a standard communication mechanism that allows Integrated Library System (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions. It has become the de facto standard around the world to integrate ILSs and self-service devices. This NISO Working Group is directing the existing SIP version 3.0 specification through the NISO standardization process.

Four important high-level areas have guided the group's work: the SIP3 documents themselves, including revisions/corrections/additions, resolving ambiguities, etc.; the Maintenance Agency; SIP3's relation to privacy standards and security; and the relation to NCIP. The group met approximately bi-weekly during 2013 to work through these areas; much of the discussion concerned the extensive research and analysis that was done by Working Group members to help progress decision-making. The Working Group is continuing its final work to determine the changes and edits that need to be made to the proposed standard and associated documents pursuant to the group decisions from these meetings.

Following the completion of the documents, the Working Group intends to address questions of compliance, certification, and assured interoperability. Updated materials in conjunction with the group's work will be added to its Workroom page as they are finalized.