July 2014

Business Information Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Denise Davis (Sacramento Public Library), Christine Stamison (Northeast Research Libraries Consortium)


Demand-Driven Acquisitions Working Group

Co-chairs: Barbara Kawecki (YBP Library Services); Michael Levine-Clark (University of Denver)
DDA Workroom

Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs Recommended Practice (NISO RP-20-2014)

NISO published the Recommended Practice that was the remit of the DDA Working Group in late June. This document includes recommendations encompassing overall goals and objectives for a library's DDA program, profiling, management of MARC records (methods for automated updating and removal of discovery records), means for local program assessment, and considerations for consortia and public libraries. They will be of tremendous use to libraries who wish to maximize their use of DDA and to publishers and vendors supporting these programs

The creation of the recommendations were just under two years in the making, as subgroups of the Working Group covered the areas of technical processes, access methods, and metric modeling. A master survey was conducted in late summer 2013 with follow-up surveys to dive more deeply into the needs of consortia and public libraries. A summary of these surveys is available.

Creation of a Standing Committee to manage education, promotion, and further adjudication of potential updates to the Recommended Practice is now under way. If you are interested in potential participation in this group, please contact Nettie Lagace, NISO Associate Director of Programs (nlagace@niso.org).

Co-chair Michael Levine-Clark presented at the NISO/BISG 8th Annual Forum, The Changing Standards Landscape: Managing an Increasingly Complex and Interconnected World of Content held at the American Library Association annual conference in June; his slides are available. To receive updates on the work of this group, subscribe to its announcement list.

PIE-J (Presentation & Identification of E-Journals) Standing Committee PIE-J: Presentation and Identification of E-Journals

Co-chairs: Ed Cilurso (Taylor & Francis), Sarah (Sally) Glasser (Hofstra University)
PIE-J Workroom

PIE-J Recommended Practice (NISO RP-16-2013)

The PIE-J Recommended Practice, PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals (NISO RP-16-2013) was published in 2013. It provides guidance to publishers and platform providers on the presentation of e-journals—a critical component of the global scholarly infrastructure—particularly in the areas of title presentation, accurate use of ISSN, and citation practices. The PIE-J RP is intended to alleviate the problems encountered by end users when working online to access article-based materials using citation elements. Additionally, two forms of a brochure describing PIE-J are available via the PIE-J Workroom page.

The PIE-J Standing Committee is charged with responding to specific questions about the Recommended Practice, gathering comments for a full review of the Recommended Practice document, and promoting PIE-J. The Standing Committee recently posted a template to the PIE-J website for librarians wishing to contact publishers and providers with concerns about the presentation of e-journals on their websites. The template includes suggested wording but is completely customizable.

Recent public presentations on behalf of PIE-J have included those of Co-chairs Ed Cilurso and Sally Glasser at the NISO Open Teleconference in May; member Laurie Kaplan at the NASIG Conference in Fort Worth, also in May; and member Regina Reynolds as part of the NISO Update session held at the American Library Association annual conference in Las Vegas in June. A poster session on PIE-J is planned for the Charleston Conference to be held in November.

SERU (Shared E-Resource Understanding) Standing Committee SERU logo

Co-chairs: Adam Chesler (Business Expert Press), Anne McKee (Greater Western Library Alliance)
SERU Workroom
SERU Recommended Practice (NISO RP-7-2012)

The SERU Recommended Practice, updated in 2012 to be more flexible for use with online products beyond e-journals, continues to be supported by its Standing Committee through efforts to publicize SERU and educate libraries and publishers via direct contacts and public presentations at industry conferences. Support includes the SERU public workroom pages, which are intended to help publishers and libraries understand and use the SERU material. The SERU Registry continues to be updated with new supporters of SERU and is intended to enable publishers and librarians to more easily identify each other; in the last quarter 4 new publishers and 15 new libraries have been added.

SUSHI (Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative) Standing Committee SUSHI logo

Co-chairs: Marie Kennedy (Loyola Marymount University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Workroom
SUSHI standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2013)
COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-2012)

This Standing Committee provides maintenance and support for ANSI/NISO Z39.93, The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol, and acts as the maintenance group for the COUNTER schema by providing recommendations to COUNTER and making changes to the COUNTER XML schemas (as approved by COUNTER). The main activities of the Standing Committee are to initiate relevant changes to the SUSHI schema in light of the release of COUNTER 4 and to make applicable updates to the SUSHI workroom pages. The group is implementing a continuous maintenance procedure, which will enable it to more smoothly shuttle through further updates to the standard, including the addition of filter values to SUSHI.

Recent activities have included creation of a more streamlined SUSHI Server Registry to better support information sharing on support of COUNTER 4 and a new FAQ covering COUNTER 4. An updated COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile will be published imminently in order to correct several minor corrections to report names. Nettie Lagace of NISO presented on behalf of the group at the NISO Update at the American Library Association annual conference in Las Vegas in June; slides are available.

SUSHI 'Lite' Working Group

Co-chairs: Paul Needham (Cranfield University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Lite Workroom
SUSHI Lite Work Item

This is a new Working Group recently approved by the NISO Business Information Topic Committee. It is creating a NISO Technical Report to explore adapting the SUSHI Standard to accommodate present day development tools and usage needs related to retrieving snippets of usage through web services. Three objectives of the technical report are to:

  • Allow smaller units of usage ("snippets") to be retrieved with SUSHI to enable SUSHI to become the standard for implementing real-time retrieval of usage for single journals or articles, as is becoming the practice within e-resource workflows and systems offering alternative metric displays.

  • Allow for an optional implementation of SUSHI with the web services that would be accessing SUSHI snippets—specifically, a RESTful HTTP interface with COUNTER usage data returned in JSON format.

  • Introduce a generalized filter specification that can be used with the new RESTful/JSON approach. These filters would allow the client to refine the request to a single book, journal, or article, or to specify extended data like account or customer details that are currently not available in the current standard.

The group's current 'research' as part of its work plan is exploration of various technical aspects of the space, including creation of demonstration code. It expects to continue to work through 2014 with a draft technical report to be made available in early 2015.

Z39.7 Data Dictionary Standing Committee

Chair: Martha Kyrillidou, Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
Z39.7 Data Dictionary

The Information Services and Use: Metrics & statistics for libraries and information providers – Data Dictionary (ANSI/NISO Z39.7) is an online standard, available in HTML and PDF versions, that is continuously maintained; the fifth edition was released in summer 2013. The purpose of the Data Dictionary is to assist the information community by indicating and defining useful quantifiable information to measure the resources and performance of libraries and to provide a body of valid and comparable data on American libraries. It identifies standard definitions, methods, and practices relevant to library statistics activities in the United States. The Data Dictionary is provided online, and any user may submit suggested changes. The Standing Committee then reviews these suggestions during its scheduled monthly phone calls.

Also as part of its work, the Standing Committee scans and reviews the statistical survey landscape and examines other assessment efforts—including use of particular vocabularies—in the community for effects on the Data Dictionary. Of particular importance to this Standing Committee is the recent modification to language published by the U.S. Department of Education's division, the National Center for Education Statistics, to eliminate library-related material from its enacting legislation. There are general changes going on in the federal landscape regarding the collection of data for various types of libraries and it is not yet clear what legislation affecting this collection will move forward. The Standing Committee also watches closely conferences and papers such as those at the upcoming 2014 Library Assessment Conference, the ACRL Webcast Series, the Library Edge initiative, and ISO's TC46/SC8 group.

For notifications about approved future revisions to the standard, subscribe to the Z39.7 notification mailing list.

Content & Collection Management Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Marti Heyman (Cengage); Betty Landesman (University of Baltimore)


Journal Article Versions (JAV) Addendum Working Group

Former Chair: Michael Dellert (SAGE Publications)
JAV Addendum Workroom

In 2008, the NISO Journal Article Version (JAV) working group developed a set of recommended terms to be applied to iterations of an article's lifecycle. The terms were assigned scope and definition that allow for actionable, unambiguous, and reliable tools for publishers, librarians, aggregators, indexers, and end users. As JAV was adopted, the scope of the term "proof" was found to be less precise and more difficult to apply than the other terms and a proposal was made to issue an Addendum to address this problem.

This Working Group met during 2013 and discussed perspectives on drafting the addendum to JAV regarding the "proof" category of articles as described above, and considered a proposal for an overall metadata framework or dictionary for JAV, in which its terms could be incorporated—meaning that different users of JAV could utilize their own local terms as part of the overall framework without collision. The group went on hiatus in the fall due to chair staffing issues, is now seeking a new chair, and hopes to re-commence its work during the later part of 2014.

Protocol for Exchanging Serial Content (PESC) Working Group

Co-chairs: Leslie Johnston (National Archives and Records Administration), Kimberly Tryka (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
PESC Workroom

The PESC Working Group is creating a NISO Recommended Practice to describe a packaging specification to be used for exchange and archiving of serial publications, as described in the work item approved by NISO Voting Members in June 2013.

The group continues to work in its information gathering phase where two subgroups are meeting to discuss what codification of recommended practice details will be practical and usable. The 'use cases' subgroup is working to describe various scenarios under which serials data is exchanged and the various actors who participate in this exchange. The 'conformance' subgroup is then utilizing this output to determine what packaging and descriptive metadata and other information is necessary to exchange in any particular transaction. A draft set of recommendations is expected later this year.

PESC Member Laurie Kaplan presented Can you be a PESCaterian among the Fort Worth Stockyards? at the NASIG Conference in Fort Worth, TX, in May, and is planning an updated presentation for the Charleston Conference in November.

Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) Standing Committee

Co-chairs: Jeff Beck (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine), B. Tommie Usdin (Mulberry Technologies, Inc.)
JATS Workroom

JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012 (HTML)
JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012) (PDF)

The JATS Standing Committee utilizes Continuous Maintenance procedures to determine appropriate actions to be taken on comments received on ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, the intellectual successor to the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite version 3.0. The responses and actions taken on points of input through Q3 2013 have been made available in JATS 1.1d1, a draft publication, and comments submitted through January 2014 have been provided responses. The JATS Standing Committee is now meeting to discuss more recent input and finalize formal responses to this input, with the intent of combining all this 2013-2014 input as part of an updated JATS standard to be approved and published this year.

Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee

Chair: Pascal Calarco (University of Waterloo)


NISO Knowledge Bases And Related Tools (KBART) Phase 2 Working Group KBART logo

Co-chairs: Magaly Bascones (JISC), Chad Hutchens (University of Wyoming)
Contact KBART Chairs for endorsement approval
KBART Workroom (NISO)
Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART) Recommended Practice (NISO RP-9-2014)

The KBART Recommended Practice, recently published by NISO, builds on the recommendations of the first version of the recommended practice to specifically address areas of metadata for e-books and conference proceedings, packages licensed via consortia deals, and describe how open access metadata might be published and shared in knowledge bases while continuing to supply a format for general transfer of journal data to the knowledge base of a link resolver supplier. Work is now underway to convene a new Standing Committee for KBART to undertake the provision of support and education activities for KBART. The KBART Registry will continue to be maintained by the Standing Committee to include details of contacts, URLs, and instructions relating to the transfer of e-resource metadata between content providers and link resolvers and now that the updated Recommended Practice is available, registrants are requested to update their endorsement details pursuant to the new recommendations.

Chad Hutchens, Co-chair of the KBART Working Group, presented on the group's work at NISO May 14 webinar, Getting to the Right Content: Link Resolvers and Knowledgebases. Nettie Lagace of NISO presented on behalf of the group at the 2014 NASIG Conference held in Fort Worth, TX in May, and at the ALCTS Continuing Resources Standards Forum at the American Library Association annual conference in Las Vegas in June. Also as part of ALA Annual, Working Group member Noah Levin of Springer presented KBART as part of the NISO Update. To follow the group's activities, subscribe to the KBART interest mailing list.

NCIP (NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol) Standing Committee

Chair: Mike Dicus (Ex Libris)
NCIP Workroom
NCIP Standing Committee
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange - Part 1: Protocol (NCIP)
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

The NCIP Standing Committee operates via Continuous Maintenance procedures to manage the latest NCIP standard, version 2.02, which was published in 2012. On monthly calls the committee reviews status of implementations and other general business. Twice a year, meetings are held in person in order to review ongoing updates to the NCIP protocol per the Standing Committee's continuous maintenance procedure and to discuss other related issues of interest to the members of the Standing Committee.

The Standing Committee has used its recent monthly conference calls to discuss implementation projects and the progress of maintenance of the NCIP website, which has been recently taken over by the Standing Committee. Discussion is under way to finalize plans for a fall in person meeting at a location to be determined.

Open Discovery Initiative Working Group ODI logo

Co-chairs: Marshall Breeding (Independent Consultant), Jenny Walker (Independent Consultant)
ODI Workroom

ODI Recommended Practice (NISO RP-19-2014)

The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) Recommended Practice, directed toward the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search, was published in June. The Working Group was made up of discovery vendors, primary and secondary publishers, and librarians; the recommendations themselves include background on the discovery landscape, recommendations in the areas of technical formats for data format and data transfer; communication of libraries' rights regarding specific content; descriptors regarding particular levels of indexing for content; definition of fair linking to published content; and determination of appropriate usage statistics to be collected to address stakeholder needs.

The Working Group has now been sunset and formation of a Standing Committee is under way in order to properly take up the work of supporting and publicizing ODI, as well as to determine whether and when further recommendations should be studied and written.

Nettie Lagace of NISO included ODI in a NISO update session at NASIG in Fort Worth in May. Laura Morse, ODI member, presented on ODI at the NISO Update program at the American Library Association annual conference in Las Vegas in June. Those interested in following the work of this effort can join the ODI observer mailing list.

ResourceSync Working GroupResourceSync logo

Co-chairs: Todd Carpenter (NISO), Herbert Van de Sompel (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
ResourceSync Workroom
ANSI/NISO Z39.99-2014, ResourceSync Framework Specification

ResourceSync, a specification which describes a synchronization framework for the web consisting of various capabilities that allow third party systems to remain synchronized with a server's evolving resources, was formally approved by ANSI and published in May as ANSI/NISO Z39.99-2014. The core ResourceSync group was funded by the Sloan Foundation and is augmented by other industry and research participants, some of whom have been sponsored by JISC.

The problem that ResourceSync was designed to solve spans the areas of search, discovery, deposit, metadata harvesting, and transfer; there is a need to keep collections of resources in sync so that additions, updates, and deletions of one are reflected in the other. The ResourceSync standard was written in such a way that individual capabilities could be combined to meet local requirements. A server may also describe synchronization capabilities that it supports and ways that third party systems may discover this support. The core functionality of the specification is intended to represent a functional replacement of OAI-PMH. (Other features, such as push notification and archive capabilities are in beta draft form through separate documents, not currently part of the material part of NISO/ANSI standardization.)

A quick overview of ResourceSync, via YouTube, is available at http://youtu.be/ASQ4jMYytsA and also via the group's NISO webpage.

Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group

Co-chairs: Ed Pentz (CrossRef), Cameron Neylon (PLOS), Greg Tananbaum (SPARC)
Open Access Metadata and Indicators Workroom
Open Access Metadata and Indicators Work Item Proposal

The OAMI Working Group is defining a structure for standardized bibliographic metadata to describe the accessibility of journal articles as well as describing how "open" the item is via tagging to link to the item's license terms. This document is meant to provide a solution to the problem where many offerings are available from publishers under the banner of Open Access (OA), Increased Access, Public Access, or other descriptions, and the terms offered vary between publishers and, in some cases, based on the funding organization of the author. A number of publishers also offer hybrid options in which some articles are "open" while the rest of the journal's content is available only by subscription or license, and no standardized bibliographic metadata currently provides information on whether a specific article is freely readable and what re-use rights might be available to readers.

The Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group's draft Recommended Practice was available for comment earlier this year and following the close of the comment period, Working Group members have worked through the many comments that were received for responses and are now using these comments to finalize the document, expected to be published early this fall. (Over 100 comments were received, which represents the most comments received for any NISO document in several years.)

Nettie Lagace of NISO presented on this initiative several times during the spring: at the NASIG Conference in Fort Worth, TX in May, and as part of the programs of the ALCTS Metadata Interest Group and the ALCTS CRS Education, Research, and Publications Committee at the American Library Association annual conference in Las Vegas in June. To follow the work of this group, subscribe to the OA Indicators mailing list.

Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) Working Group

Co-chairs: John Bodfish (OCLC), Ted Koppel (Auto-Graphics)
SIP Workroom

Introduced by 3M in 1993, the Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) provides a standard communication mechanism that allows Integrated Library System (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions. It has become the de facto standard around the world to integrate ILSs and self-service devices. This NISO Working Group is directing the existing SIP version 3.0 specification through the NISO standardization process.

Four important high-level areas have guided the group's work: the SIP3 documents themselves, including revisions/corrections/additions, resolving ambiguities, etc.; the Maintenance Agency; SIP3's relation to privacy standards and security; and the relation to NCIP. The group met approximately bi-weekly during 2013 to work through these areas; much of the discussion concerned the extensive research and analysis that was done by Working Group members to help progress decision-making. Now the Working Group is in the midst of its final work to determine the changes and edits that need to be made to the proposed standard and associated documents pursuant to the group decisions from these meetings.

Following the completion of the documents, the Working Group intends to address questions of compliance, certification, and assured interoperability. Updated materials in conjunction with the group's work will be added to its Workroom page as they are finalized.