April 2014

Business Information Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Denise Davis (Sacramento Public Library), Karla Strieb (Ohio State University Library)


Demand-Driven Acquisitions Working Group

Co-chairs: Barbara Kawecki (YBP Library Services); Michael Levine-Clark (University of Denver)
DDA Workroom

As described in its work item proposal, this Working Group is developing recommendations on best practices for populating and managing the pool of monographic titles under consideration for potential purchase, including methods for automated updating and removal of discovery records; development of consistent models for the three basic aspects of e-book DDA—free discovery to prevent inadvertent transactions, temporary lease, and purchase—that work for publishers and libraries; methods for managing DDA of multiple formats; and ways in which print-on-demand (POD) solutions can be linked to DDA.

Subgroups of the Working Group covered the areas of technical processes, access methods, and metric modeling. A master survey was conducted in late summer; follow-up surveys delved more deeply into the needs of consortia and public libraries. A summary of these surveys is available. The analysis of the surveys and research conducted by the subgroups informed the full group's draft Recommended Practice, which was available for comment from March 24-April 24. Several dozen comments were received, and the Working Group is now reviewing these for responses and potential clarifications/inclusions in the final Recommended Practice, which is expected to be available in early summer.

Co-chair Michael Levine-Clark participated on the NISO March Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available. Michael also presented the general work of the group together with fellow co-chair Barbara Kawecki at the ER&L Conference in Austin, TX in March 2014 and the UKSG Annual Conference in Harrogate, England, in April 2014. To receive updates on the work of this group, subscribe to its announcement list.

PIE-J (Presentation & Identification of E-Journals) Standing Committee PIE-J: Presentation and Identification of E-Journals

Co-chairs: Ed Cilurso (Taylor & Francis), Sarah (Sally) Glasser (Hofstra University)
PIE-J Workroom

PIE-J Recommended Practice (NISO RP-16-2013)

The PIE-J Recommended Practice, PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals (NISO RP-16-2013) was published in 2013. It provides guidance to publishers and platform providers on the presentation of e-journals—a critical component of the global scholarly infrastructure—particularly in the areas of title presentation, accurate use of ISSN, and citation practices. The PIE-J RP is intended to alleviate the problems encountered by end users when working online to access article-based materials using citation elements. Additionally, two forms of a brochure describing PIE-J are available via the PIE-J Workroom page.

The PIE-J Standing Committee is charged with responding to specific questions about the Recommended Practice, gathering comments for a full review of the Recommended Practice document, and promoting PIE-J. The Standing Committee recently posted a template to the PIE-J website for librarians wishing to contact publishers and providers with concerns about the presentation of e-journals on their websites. The template includes suggested wording but is completely customizable.

Recent public presentations on behalf of PIE-J have included those of Co-chair Ed Cilurso at the NISO Update at ALA Midwinter in Philadelphia in January 2014; Sally Glasser at the ER&L Conference in Austin, TX in March 2014; and member Regina Reynolds at the CEAL Conference in Philadelphia, also in March 2014. Member Laurie Kaplan plans to present on PIE-J at the NASIG Conference in Fort Worth in May, and PIE-J will be the topic of the May 12 NISO Open Teleconference. PIE-J Member Regina Reynolds recently published the article, "PIE-J: Presentation and Identification of E-Journals: What's the Point?" in Insights, the UKSG Journal, vol. 26, no. 3 (Nov. 2013).

SERU (Shared E-Resource Understanding) Standing Committee SERU logo

Co-chairs: Adam Chesler (Business Expert Press), Anne McKee (Greater Western Library Alliance)
SERU Workroom
SERU Recommended Practice (NISO RP-7-2012)

The SERU Recommended Practice, updated in 2012 to be more flexible for use with online products beyond e-journals, continues to be supported by its Standing Committee through efforts to publicize SERU and educate libraries and publishers via direct contacts and public presentations at industry conferences. Support includes the SERU public workroom pages, which were updated and revised at the time the SERU revision was published to better help publishers and libraries understand and use the SERU material. The SERU Registry continues to be updated with new supporters of SERU and is intended to enable publishers and librarians to more easily identify each other; in the last quarter 8 new publishers and 23 new libraries have been added.

SUSHI (Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative) Standing Committee SUSHI logo

Co-chairs: Marie Kennedy (Loyola Marymount University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Workroom
SUSHI standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2013)
COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-2012)

This Standing Committee provides maintenance and support for ANSI/NISO Z39.93, The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol, and acts as the maintenance group for the COUNTER schema by providing recommendations to COUNTER and making changes to the COUNTER XML schemas (as approved by COUNTER).

The Standing Committee pursues relevant changes to the SUSHI schema in light of the release of COUNTER 4 and makes applicable updates to the SUSHI workroom pages, including an FAQ covering COUNTER 4. Next updates are expected to include a more streamlined SUSHI Server Registry. The group has implemented a continuous maintenance procedure, which will enable it to more smoothly shuttle through further updates to the standard, including the addition of filter values to SUSHI.

Oliver Pesch updated the NISO community on recent SUSHI-related efforts on the February Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available.

SUSHI 'Lite' Technical Report Working Group

Co-chairs: Paul Needham (Cranfield University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Lite Workroom
SUSHI Lite Work Item

This is a new Working Group recently approved by the NISO Business Information Topic Committee. It is creating a NISO Technical Report that will explore adapting the SUSHI Standard to accommodate present day development tools and usage needs related to retrieving snippets of usage through web services. Three objectives of the technical report are to:

  • Allow smaller units of usage ("snippets") to be retrieved with SUSHI to enable SUSHI to become the standard for implementing real-time retrieval of usage for single journals or articles, as is becoming the practice within e-resource workflows and systems offering alternative metric displays.
  • Allow for an optional implementation of SUSHI, for use with current-day practices to implement the web services that would be accessing SUSHI snippets—specifically, specify an optional implementation of SUSHI using a RESTful HTTP interface with COUNTER usage returned formatted in JSON.
  • Introduce a generalized filter specification that can be used with the new RESTful style/JSON approach. These filters would allow the client to refine the request to a single book, journal, or article. Or to specify extended data like account or customer details that are currently not available in the standard.

The group expects to work through 2014 with a draft technical report to be made available in early 2015.

Z39.7 Data Dictionary Standing Committee

Chair: Martha Kyrillidou, Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
Z39.7 Data Dictionary

The Information Services and Use: Metrics & statistics for libraries and information providers – Data Dictionary (ANSI/NISO Z39.7) is an online standard, available in HTML and PDF versions, that is continuously maintained; the fifth edition was released in summer 2013. The purpose of the Data Dictionary is to assist the information community by indicating and defining useful quantifiable information to measure the resources and performance of libraries and to provide a body of valid and comparable data on American libraries. It identifies standard definitions, methods, and practices relevant to library statistics activities in the United States. The Data Dictionary is provided online, and any user may submit suggested changes. The Standing Committee then reviews these suggestions during its monthly phone calls.

The Standing Committee continues to scan and review the statistical survey landscape, examining other assessment efforts in the community for effects on the Data Dictionary, including use of particular vocabularies. These include conferences and papers such as those at the upcoming 2014 Library Assessment Conference, the ACRL Webcast Series, and the Library Edge initiative. The Standing Committee is also watching ISO's TC46/SC8 group, which is working on a number of projects in this area.

For notifications about approved future revisions to the standard, subscribe to the Z39.7 notification mailing list.

Content & Collection Management Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Marti Heyman (Cengage); Betty Landesman (University of Baltimore)


Journal Article Versions (JAV) Addendum Working Group

Former Chair: Michael Dellert (SAGE Publications)
JAV Addendum Workroom

In 2008, the NISO Journal Article Version (JAV) working group developed a set of recommended terms to be applied to iterations of an article's lifecycle. The terms were assigned scope and definition that allow for actionable, unambiguous, and reliable tools for publishers, librarians, aggregators, indexers, and end users. As JAV was adopted, the scope of the term "proof" was found to be less precise and more difficult to apply than the other terms and a proposal was made to issue an Addendum to address this problem.

This Working Group met during 2013 and discussed perspectives on drafting the addendum to JAV regarding the "proof" category of articles as described above, and considered a proposal for an overall metadata framework or dictionary for JAV, in which its terms could be incorporated—meaning that different users of JAV could utilize their own local terms as part of the overall framework without collision. The group went on hiatus in the fall due to chair staffing issues, and is now seeking a new chair but expects to re-commence its work during 2014.

Protocol for Exchanging Serial Content (PESC) Working Group

Co-chairs: Leslie Johnston (National Archives and Records Administration), Kimberly Tryka (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine)
PESC Workroom

The PESC Working Group is creating a NISO Recommended Practice to describe a packaging specification to be used for exchange and archiving of serial publications, as described in the work item approved by NISO Voting Members in June 2013.

The group is currently in its information gathering phase where it is discussing various use cases and publisher practices, and sharing information and analyses among members. Two subgroups covering use cases and conformance issues are now meeting regularly to codify technical details of a desired practice for exchange. A draft is expected in summer 2014.

Leslie Johnston, PESC co-chair, provided a Working Group update as part of the NISO Update at ALA Midwinter in Philadelphia. PESC Member Laurie Kaplan plans to present "Can you be a PESCaterian among the Fort Worth Stockyards?" at the NASIG Conference in Fort Worth, TX, in May.

Standardized Markup for Journal Articles (JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite) Working Group

Co-chairs: Jeff Beck (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine), B. Tommie Usdin (Mulberry Technologies, Inc.)
JATS Workroom

JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012 (HTML)
JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012) (PDF)

The JATS Standing Committee utilizes Continuous Maintenance procedures to determine appropriate actions to be taken on comments received on ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, the intellectual successor to the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite version 3.0. The responses and actions taken on points of input through Q3 2013 have been made available in JATS 1.1d1, a draft publication, and comments submitted through January 2014 have been provided responses. The JATS Standing Committee is now meeting to discuss more recent input, with the intent of formalizing all the 2013-2014 input as part of an updated JATS standard to be approved and published in Summer 2014.

Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Lucy Harrison (Florida Virtual Campus), Pascal Calarco (University of Waterloo)


NISO Knowledge Bases And Related Tools (KBART) Phase 2 Working Group KBART logo

Co-chairs: Magaly Bascones (JISC), Chad Hutchens (University of Wyoming)
Contact KBART Chairs for endorsement approval
KBART Workroom (NISO)
Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART) Recommended Practice (NISO RP-9-2014)

The Recommended Practice that has comprised the bulk of the work of the NISO/UKSG KBART Phase II Working Group was recently published by NISO. This document builds on the recommendations of the first version of the recommended practice, and specifically addresses the areas of metadata for e-books and conference proceedings, packages licensed via consortia deals, and how open access metadata might be published and shared in knowledge bases while continuing to supply a format for general transfer of journal data to the knowledge base of a link resolver supplier.

The work of the KBART Phase II Working Group will soon sunset and it is planned that a new Standing Committee, consisting of many of the Working Group members as well as new members, will take over the provision of support and education activities for KBART. The KBART Registry continues to be maintained with details of contacts, URLs, and instructions relating to the transfer of e-resource metadata between content providers and link resolvers. Now that the updated Recommended Practice is available, registrants are requested to update their endorsement details pursuant to the new recommendations.

Chad Hutchens, Co-chair of the KBART Working Group, presented on the group's work at the ER&L Conference in Austin, TX, in March 2014 and discussed KBART on the April 2014 NISO Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available. Chad will also present on the upcoming NISO May 14 webinar, Getting to the Right Content: Link Resolvers and Knowledgebases. To follow the group's activities, subscribe to the KBART interest mailing list.

NCIP (NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol) Standing Committee

Chair: Mike Dicus (Ex Libris)
NCIP Workroom
NCIP Standing Committee
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange - Part 1: Protocol (NCIP)
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

The NCIP Standing Committee operates via Continuous Maintenance procedures to manage the latest NCIP standard, version 2.02, which was published in 2012. On monthly calls the committee reviews status of implementations and other general business. Twice a year, meetings are held in person in order to review ongoing updates to the NCIP protocol per the Standing Committee's continuous maintenance procedure.

The Standing Committee has used its recent monthly conference calls to discuss implementation projects and the progress of maintenance of the NCIP website, which has been recently taken over by the Standing Committee. The spring meeting of the NCIP Standing Committee was held in Petaluma, CA in April, hosted by the Galecia Group.

Open Discovery Initiative Working Group ODI logo

Co-chairs: Marshall Breeding (Independent Consultant), Jenny Walker (Independent Consultant)
ODI Workroom

The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims at defining standards and/or best practices for the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search. The Working Group—made up of discovery vendors, primary and secondary publishers, and librarians—met regularly starting in January 2012 and formed itself into four subgroups, working in the areas of technical formats, communication of libraries' rights/level of indexing, definition of fair linking, and usage statistics.

The ODI Recommended Practice, which includes background on the discovery landscape, specific recommendations in each of the four areas listed, recommendations for next steps after the ODI Recommended Practice is published, and voluntary checklists to gauge compliance, is now nearing NISO publication. Following the document's public comment period in Fall 2013, the Working Group has reviewed it for appropriate changes and approved its final version. It is now before the Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee for final approval before NISO publication.

Following publication of ODI, next steps are planned that the current Working Group will sunset and a Standing Committee will be formed to take up the work of supporting and publicizing ODI, as well as determining whether and when further recommendations should be studied and written.

Marshall Breeding, ODI co-chair, presented on ODI at the NISO Update program at ALA Midwinter in Philadelphia. Nettie Lagace of NISO will include ODI in a NISO update session at NASIG in Fort Worth in May. Those interested in following the work of this effort can join the ODI observer mailing list.

ResourceSync Working GroupResourceSync logo

Co-chairs: Todd Carpenter (NISO), Herbert Van de Sompel (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
ResourceSync Workroom

ResourceSync is a specification that describes a synchronization framework for the web consisting of various capabilities that allow third party systems to remain synchronized with a server's evolving resources. These capabilities may be combined to meet local requirements. A server may also describe synchronization capabilities that it supports and ways that third party systems may discover this support. The core ResourceSync group was funded by the Sloan Foundation and is augmented by other industry and research participants, some of whom have been sponsored by JISC.

The ResourceSync draft specification is now in its very last stages of finalization and approval by ANSI, and is expected to be formally published in early May, having been approved by the NISO Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee and the NISO Voting Members. The core functionality of the specification, representing a functional replacement of OAI-PMH, is included in this material. (Other features, such as push notification and archive capabilities are in beta draft form through separate documents, not currently part of the material undergoing NISO/ANSI standardization.)

Herbert Van de Sompel and Martin Klein presented on ResourceSync at the CNI Spring Members Meeting in St. Louis, MO in March 2014.

Specification for Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group

Co-chairs: Ed Pentz (CrossRef), Cameron Neylon (PLOS), Greg Tananbaum (SPARC)
Open Access Metadata and Indicators Workroom
Open Access Metadata and Indicators Work Item Proposal

The Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group's draft Recommended Practice was available for comment earlier this year and, following the close of the comment period, Working Group members are working through the many comments that were received for responses and potential inclusion in the final document. (Over 100 comments were received, which represents the most comments received for any NISO document in several years.)

The OAMI Recommended Practice presents a structure for standardized bibliographic metadata to describe the accessibility of journal articles as well as describing how "open" the item is via tagging to link to the item's license terms. This document is meant to provide a solution to the problem where many offerings are available from publishers under the banner of Open Access (OA), Increased Access, Public Access, or other descriptions, and the terms offered vary between publishers and, in some cases, based on the funding organization of the author. A number of publishers also offer hybrid options in which some articles are "open" while the rest of the journal's content is available only by subscription or license, and no standardized bibliographic metadata currently provides information on whether a specific article is freely readable and what re-use rights might be available to readers.

Heather Reid, Working Group member, provided a general update on OAMI as part of the NISO Update at ALA Midwinter in Philadelphia, and Nettie Lagace of NISO will include OAMI in a NISO update session to be provided at the NASIG Conference in Fort Worth, TX in May. To follow the work of this group, subscribe to the OA Indicators mailing list.

Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) Working Group

Co-chairs: John Bodfish (OCLC), Ted Koppel (Auto-Graphics)
SIP Workroom

The Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP), introduced by 3M in 1993, provides a standard communication mechanism to allow Integrated Library System (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions and has become the de facto standard around the world to integrate ILSs and self-service devices. This Working Group is directing the existing SIP version 3.0 specification through the NISO standardization process.

Four important high-level areas have guided the SIP Working Group's work: the SIP3 documents themselves, including revisions/corrections/additions, resolving ambiguities, etc.; the Maintenance Agency; SIP3's relation to privacy standards and security; and the relation to NCIP. The group met approximately bi-weekly during 2013 to work through these areas; much of the discussion concerned the extensive research and analysis that was done by Working Group members to help progress decision-making. Now the Working Group is determining the changes and edits that need to be made to the proposed standard pursuant to the group decisions from the past year.

Following the completion of the documents, the Working Group plans to address questions of compliance, certification, and assured interoperability. Updated materials in conjunction with the group's work will be added to its Workroom page as they are finalized.