2014 Event Subscription Packages
Headshot of NISO Executive Director, Todd Carpenter

January 2014

I generally prefer looking forward to looking back. The opportunities, possibilities, and imagining of the future is so much more enjoyable than reflecting on the successes (or not) of the past. That is part of the joy of January—for it certainly isn't the weather!!! As is no surprise, I expect that many great things will be coming down the road for the NISO community in the New Year.

I am happy to announce that the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and NISO will be hosting the plenary week meeting of the ISO Technical Working Group on Information and Documentation (TC 46) and its five subcommittees in Washington, DC this May. This annual event rotates from country to country each year and it has been more than a decade since ANSI and NISO have hosted the event. This will be an important event to highlight both the work done internationally by this group as well as the USA's and NISO's leadership role in the work of that technical committee. The Library of Congress has generously offered to co-host the event and provide meeting space. During the week, we will also be hosting a gala dinner at the National Archives with two special guest speakers. More information is being posted to the NISO website as it becomes available.

Also on the horizon in 2014 will be a new publications series that NISO is launching to provide primers on established or emerging technology for early career professionals. The NISO Publications Committee will oversee the creation of at least two new primers in 2014, one on the topic of data curation and a second on linked data for libraries, as well as a revision of the very popular existing primer on Understanding Metadata. The primers will be freely available later this year under a CC-BY-SA license.

Our standards development roadmap includes potential projects on e-book and library management systems interaction, a study of discovery system developments, metadata attached to datasets, and data privacy. We will also be finalizing the specific projects to pursue related to advances in bibliographic information exchange (the NISO Bibliographic Roadmap project and alternative metrics ) and the (the NISO Altmetrics initiative), as well as finishing up the ONIX for Publications Licensing Encoding project.

We've been pushing forward with the NISO Altmetrics standards brainstorming work. The meeting in Washington in December was a great success and there's a final in-person discussion forum in Philadelphia prior to the start of ALA Midwinter. You can get more information on the project webpage. There's still time to RSVP for either the in-person or live stream of the January 23 meeting in Philadelphia.

Another project that we're making tremendous progress on is the NISO Open Access Metadata and Indicators. In just under a year, the working group for that project has produced a draft recommended practice for public comment. You can download a copy of that and provide your feedback via the NISO OAMI webpage.

Who knows what other groundbreaking work will be advanced in the New Year? There is no shortage of needs or ideas: How can institutions and corporations better manage identity and privacy? How can institutions manage the flood of new publication forms and data that will be required by federally funded research mandates? How will wearable technology and the "internet of things" impact information distribution? What role NISO and our communities play in these discussions will be something to see in 2014.

I hope that the New Year is filled with prosperity and efficiency, health and good cheer for each of you and your organizations.

With kindest regards,

Todd Carpenter’s Signature

Todd Carpenter

Executive Director

NISO Reports

Open Access Metadata and Indicators Recommended Practice Draft for Comment

NISO is seeking comments on the draft recommended practice Open Access Metadata and Indicators (NISO RP-22-201x). Launched in January 2013, the NISO Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group was chartered to develop protocols and mechanisms for transmitting the access status of scholarly works, specifically to indicate whether a specific work is openly accessible (i.e., free-to-read by any user who can get to the work over the internet) and what re-use rights might be available. This draft recommended practice proposes the adoption of two core pieces of metadata and associated tags: <free_to_read> and <license_ref>. The first tag would indicate that the work is freely accessible during the specified timeframe (if applicable). The second tag would contain a reference to a URI that carries the license terms specifying how a work may be used. The full announcement about the draft is available on the NISO website.

NISO's January Open Teleconference will discuss this project and recommended practice. The teleconference will be led by Ed Pentz, Executive Director, CrossRef and Co-chair of this NISO Working Group. This is a great opportunity to learn more about the project and ask questions in real-time. The call will be held on January 13 from 3:00 - 4:00 p.m (Eastern). To join, call 877-375-2160 and enter the code: 17800743#.

The draft recommended practice is open for public comment through February 4, 2014. To download the draft or submit online comments, visit the Open Access Metadata and Indicators webpage.

January Webinar: From Device to Device: Adaptive Interfaces for Content

Content providers and libraries are struggling with the best ways to make their e-content adapt to the wide diversity of devices—including desktops, laptops, tablets, e-readers, and smartphones. For decades, the PDF document format has been the fallback for digital content display, despite its shortcomings. New developments and standards from file formats to improved cascading style sheets, adaptive layouts, graphics scaling, and device recognition are encouraging the move away from PDF, but many challenges remain.

Join NISO for the January 8 webinar, From Device to Device: Adaptive Interfaces for Content, to explore these issues, hear about advances in adaptive publication design, and learn what you can do to make content device agnostic.

Speakers are:

  • Jean Kaplansky – Digital Content Solutions Architect, Aptara, which provides digital publishing solutions to content providers for capitalizing on new digital and mobile mediums
  • Toby Plewak – Product Strategist for Publishing Technology's pub2web platform, a custom hosting solution that supports and delivers published information

Check out the 2014 webinar subscription packages where you can buy 5 webinar registrations and get 4 free or buy 9 registrations and get the whole year (all 14).

For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.

Third Altmetrics Project Meeting and Livestream in Philadelphia before ALA Midwinter

NISO will host the third meeting the Alternative Assessment (Altmetrics) Project, funded through a grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, to further engage the community in identifying priorities for standards and recommended practices in this area. The meeting will take place on Thursday, January 23, 2014 from 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (ET) at The Hub City View Conference Center in Philadelphia. The objectives of this one-day meeting will include a short opening keynote on the topic of assessment, lightning talks on related projects, brainstorming for identification of topics for discussion, and prioritizing proposed work items.

The meeting is free for all attendees but an RSVP is required for planning and logistics. Registration for this event will close on Monday, January 20 at 4:00 p.m. (ET). A free livestream will be available for those interested in this work but unable to attend in-person. For the livestream, please make sure to designate your attendance as "virtual" in the RSVP form so that we can communicate the necessary access information to you.

For more information, visit the Altmetrics project webpage.

NISO Annual Meeting and Standards Update at ALA Midwinter

Join NISO at the ALA Midwinter Conference for our Annual Membership Meeting and Standards Update sessions.

The Annual Membership Meeting begins at 1:00 p.m. on Sunday, January 26. Todd Carpenter will provide the 2013 annual report about NISO, review the work that has taken place in the past year, and discuss planned activities for 2014. This meeting is open to the public (not just members). To aid in logistics planning, we request that you e-mail us at nisohq@niso.org if you plan to attend.

Immediately following the annual meeting at 1:30 p.m. to 2:30 p.m., a NISO Update session will provide the latest news about projects newly underway or recently completed. Working group members will provide updates on such initiatives as:

Please join us for one or both of these sessions in Philadelphia. And while at the conference, be sure to visit the NISO Booth (#421).

More information about NISO@ALA Midwinter and other standards-related sessions at Midwinter is available on our event webpage.

February Webinar: We Know it When We See It: Managing "Works" Metadata

In the new models for describing information resources (FRBR, RDA, BIBFRAME), the conceptual essence of an item—referred to as a "Work"—is separated from the specific manifestations of the item—referred to as "Instances" or "Expressions". The work "Macbeth by Shakespeare" could have multiple forms or versions and exist in a variety of media, from a print copy of the play to a DVD of a live performance. Of equal importance in the new models is describing the relationship between a Work and its various Instances/Expressions. This represents an entirely different way of thinking about resource description for libraries and users.

While the new models are still in the early days of implementation, a number of efforts are already underway to describe resources using these new concepts and relationships. Join NISO for the February 12 webinar, We Know it When We See It: Managing "Works" Metadata, to explore how metadata descriptive systems are developing around the new notion of "Works".

Speakers are:

  • Kristin Antelman, Associate Director for the Digital Library, North Carolina State University

  • Magda El-Sherbini, MLS, Associate professor and Head, Collection Description and Access Department, Ohio State University Libraries

Check out the 2014 webinar subscription packages where you can buy 5 and get 4 free or buy 9 and get the whole year (all 14).

For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.

February Virtual Conference: The Semantic Web Coming of Age: Technologies and Implementations

The Semantic Web, the phrase coined by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, envisioned the Internet as a common framework of data that can be shared across numerous platforms. Libraries and publishers are among those leading the charge with projects and initiatives aimed at making information and resources more widely available in the greater web of data.

NISO will be holding a virtual conference, The Semantic Web Coming of Age: Technologies and Implementations, on February 19 from 11:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. to look at the challenges and opportunities available through the Semantic Web and highlight applications, projects, and initiatives that are changing the way libraries and publishers structure their metadata and improve the accessibility of their content.

Topics include:

  • Keynote Address: Libraries and the Semantic Web

  • The W3C Semantic Web Initiative

  • Schema.org: Ensuring Semantic Web Discovery

  • Engaging with Open Data: The Open Data Institute

  • The Social Data Graph: the Friend of a Friend (FOAF) project

  • The Semantic Web and Rights Issues

  • Semantic Web Applications in Publishing

  • Semantic Web Applications in Libraries

  • Services that Build on Others Semantic Web Data

  • Panel: Semantic Search Beyond RDF

Can't make it on the day of the virtual conference? All registrants receive access to the recorded version for one year. Take advantage of the Virtual Conference subscription package for all six of the 2014 Virtual Conferences and save 33%. (NISO members can save 50%.)

For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.

New on the NISO Website

New Specs & Standards

ANSI Seeks Comments on Proposed New ISO Standard on Knowledge Management Systems

The Standards Institution of Israel (SII), Israel's member body to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), has submitted a proposal for a new international standard focusing on requirements for knowledge management systems. The proposed International Standard would set down requirements for organizational knowledge management systems, including the creation and maintenance of such systems, the nurturing of a knowledge management culture, measurement of organizations' knowledge, and approaches to sharing knowledge management solutions. The standard would cover businesses, nonprofits, government organizations, and other groups of any size and in any field. As the U.S. member body to ISO, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) invites all interested stakeholders to submit comments on the proposal by Friday, February 14, 2014. All comments on this proposal should be sent to Steven Cornish, ANSI senior director for international policy (isot@ansi.org).

ISO 25577:2013, Information and documentation – MarcXchange

ISO 25577:2013 specifies the requirements for a generalized XML-based exchange format for bibliographic records as well as other types of metadata. This second edition adds a new optional element "embeddeddata" to the schema to allow the use of embedded fields, as seen in UNIMARC. It also enables the embedding of interlinked records into one MarcXchange document, which may be used for multivolume works and other interrelated structures.

OASIS, Proposed Charter for Legal Citation Markup Technical Committee

A proposal was submitted to OASIS membership for the formation of a new technical committee on Legal Citation Markup, with the goal of designing a non-proprietary, royalty-free, open citation markup standard for creating more powerful editorial and data handling tools for legal content. The standard will provide a conceptual model, vocabulary, metadata definitions, and syntactical structure. Such a markup language could support the development of federated citation databases that help connect legal professionals to resources and ensure the persistence of cross-references over time. It could also encourage the growth of open source legal content and applications, and become a foundation for new products and services of value to everyone in the legal community.

W3C Proposed Recommendation, Data Catalog Vocabulary (DCAT)

DCAT is an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web. This document defines the schema and provides examples for its use. By using DCAT to describe datasets in data catalogs, publishers increase discoverability and enable applications to easily consume metadata from multiple catalogs. It further enables decentralized publishing of catalogs and facilitates federated dataset search across sites. Aggregated DCAT metadata can serve as a manifest file to facilitate digital preservation.

Media Stories

Can I Get a Sample of That? Digital File Format Samples and Test Sets
The Signal: Digital Preservation [blog], December 12, 2013; by Kate Murray

Samples or test sets can be a valuable resource for digital preservation. Even non-conforming samples can be useful to identify issues. "Oliver Morgan of MetaGlue, Inc., an expert consultant working with the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative AV Working Group on the MXF AS-07 application specification has developed the "Index of Metals" scale for sample files created specifically for testing purposes during the specification drafting process which range from gold (engineered to be good/perfect) to plutonium (engineered poisonous)." (Read the full article.)

NISO Note: NISO members mentioned in this article: Library of Congress and National Archives and Records Administration.

Open Access Everything: Libraries Are Making Scholarship Accessible to All
American Libraries, December 23, 2013; by Meredith Farkas

"Academic libraries around the world are collecting the scholarly products of their communities in institutional repositories.…Some libraries are also developing their own digital publishing imprints in an effort to offer a solid alternative to traditional publishing.…Some libraries that have always been engaged in publishing have begun publishing OA books and are experimenting with new forms of scholarship." (Read the full article.)

NISO Note: University of Michigan Library, mentioned in this article, is a NISO LSA member.

Linked Data in the Creases
Library Journal, December 12, 2013; by Dorothea Salo

"I've wondered where the digital librarians, metadata librarians, records managers, and archivists—information professionals who describe information resources but are at best peripheral to the MARC establishment—were hiding in the linked-data ferment, as BIBFRAME certainly isn't paying them much attention. After attending Semantic Web in Libraries 2013, I know where they are and what they're making: linked data that lives in the creases, building bridges across boundaries and canals through liminal spaces." (Read the full article.)

NISO Note: NISO's Bibliographic Roadmap project has been gathering feedback from a variety of stakeholders to identify requirements for a future bibliographic information exchange ecosystem. Library of Congress and Cornell University are NISO members.

The Secret Half-Lives of Scientific Papers
Science Insider, December 19, 2013; by John Bohannon

"Scholarly papers can have relatively long 'half-lives,' finds a survey released yesterday by a U.S.-based association of publishers. More than one-half of the total downloads of the articles covered by the survey took place more than two years after publication, while in some fields it took more than four years for a paper to hit its half-life." (Read the full article.)

NISO Note: NISO members mentioned in this article: American Institute of Physics, Elsevier, and Wiley.

Opening Up | Next Steps for MOOCs and Libraries
Library Journal, December 10, 2013; by Ian Chant

"Whatever MOOCs look like going forward, though, libraries—in the academic and public sphere alike—will play a key role in helping to determine their design and success.…Among the biggest contributions libraries can make to the MOOC ecosystem is also one of the simplest—they can provide the Internet connection and resource access that students need to succeed in a MOOC.…Some library systems, such as the New York Public Library (NYPL), have dipped their toes into creating original MOOC content." (Read the full article.)

NISO Note: Gale Cengage, New York Public Library, and Syracuse University Library are NISO members.

Library Technology Forecast for 2014 and Beyond
Computers in Libraries, 33 (10), December 2013 (posted January 5, 2014); by Marshall Breeding

"In these times when search engines, social networks, and ecommerce sites set an almost unreachable bar for user experience and breadth of content, libraries have to make extraordinary efforts to impress their patrons with the information resources and services that they offer on the web while remaining true to core library values. Thus, the stage is set. I'll discuss some of the trends that I see playing out on the library technology front as we look ahead for the next couple of years." Topics discussed include strategic cooperation, library services platforms and discovery services, ebook lending, models of development and innovation, consumer technologies, and industry trends. (Read the full article.)

NISO Note: 3M, Columbia University Libraries, Cornell University Library, Ex Libris, Innovative Interfaces, New York Public Library, OCLC, ProQuest, and Polaris are NISO members.

Open Access Publishing Initiative, SCOAP3, to Start on 1 January 2014
CERN Press Release, December 5, 2013

"After intense preparations and consensus building, CERN has confirmed that the SCOAP3 Open Access publishing initiative will start on 1 January 2014.…[T]his is the largest scale global Open Access initiative ever built, involving an international collaboration of over one thousand libraries, library consortia and research organizations.…Reductions in subscription fees for thousands of participating libraries worldwide have been arranged, making funds available for libraries to support SCOAP3." (Read the full article.)

NISO Note: Elsevier is a NISO voting member.

Stage Five Book Publishing: A Guide for University Presses
The Scholarly Kitchen, December 10, 2013; by Joseph Esposito

"The notion of sustainability has become something of a mantra in the university press world.…'Sustainability,' however, is the wrong term to bring to this; at a minimum, let's elevate it to something more useful: a strategy for economic viability.… The five stages of book publishing outlined here comprise a framework to help to look for areas of growth.…Of course, even as you become a Stage Five publisher, you also have to continue to work as a Stage One publisher, a Stage Two publisher, and so forth. This is the fundamental operating problem for the book business today, the need to straddle multiple business models at the same time." (Read the full article.)