Headshot of NISO Eexecutive Director, Todd Carpenter

April 2014

One of the misperceptions that NISO often faces is that we are strictly a US-based organization. Obviously, our name beginning with "National" does reinforce people's thoughts in this regard. However, NISO and our work are deeply international and broadly applied around the world. Our membership is not strictly American—in fact about 20% of our membership is based outside of the US. Importantly, NISO is deeply engaged at a variety of international levels on standardization and technological issues in our community. We participate in more than 20 international groups and meetings per year, both in person and virtually. These range from general industry meetings to international standardization efforts and specific project meetings. These activities help to tie together the important work taking place worldwide and to advance the interoperability of our information landscape. I expect that in the coming months some of the work incubating at the Research Data Alliance, JISC, Force11, and the Linked Content Coalition will move higher on the priority lists of the NISO community.

One of the international roles NISO performs is to work via ANSI to represent US interests on the ISO technical committee for Information and Documentation (TC46). We also serve the broader information community in the role of Secretariat of the TC46 subcommittee on Identification and Description (SC9). As I mentioned last month, NISO will be hosting the international community at the plenary week of TC46 meetings in Washington in partnership with the Library of Congress on May 5-9, 2014—and with the generous support of our meeting sponsors: Bowker (premier sponsor), CrossRef, OCLC, and SAGE. There are still a few days left to register.

During that week, NISO will be hosting a gala reception at the National Archives to welcome the ISO community. We are also taking the opportunity to celebrate NISO's 75th Anniversary. When we were founded by a team of visionaries back in 1939, I doubt any in the room could have foreseen the information exchange community of today, where a significant portion of content is created and distributed digitally and the collections of many institutions have been scanned and are also accessible online. These visionaries might have recognized the important role that standards would play in that exchange, but it's doubtful they could have envisioned the complexity and nuance of those developments. I do hope that we are honoring that team of pioneers and their contributions through the work that we are now engaged in.

Finally, yesterday brought some interesting news, and not just of the April Fool's variety. Innovative Interfaces, Inc., announced on Tuesday that it had acquired Polaris Library Systems. This trend of consolidation continues to impact our community and while there likely will be synergies and efficiencies under III's adept leadership, the potential options libraries may have in terms of service offerings and management approaches is dwindling. In the longer term, will the private equity firms that now control the majority of the library systems market be interested in making the significant development investments that will be needed in the coming decade to advance efforts like BIBFRAME? Will that kind of investment and service improvement (if they can be realized) be sufficient to maintain their long-term investment goals in the library community? I don't know, but we will have to wait and see how this and other consolidations impact those development efforts.

I hope to see some of you as we celebrate hosting the ISO community along with our own 75th Anniversary in Washington, DC next month.

Todd Carpenter’s Signature

Todd A. Carpenter

Executive Director

NISO Reports

Demand-Driven Acquisition of Monographs Draft Recommended Practice Available for Public Comment

NISO is seeking comments on the draft recommended practice Demand-Driven Acquisition of Monographs (NISO RP 20 201x). Launched in June 2012, the NISO Demand Driven Acquisition (DDA) Working Group was charged with developing a flexible model for DDA (also referred to as patron-driven acquisition) that works for publishers, vendors, aggregators, and libraries. The draft Recommended Practice discusses and makes recommendations about key aspects of DDA, goals and objectives of a DDA program, choosing parameters of the program, profiling options, managing MARC records for DDA, removing materials from the consideration pool, assessment of the program, providing long-term access to un-owned content, consortial considerations for DDA, and public library DDA.

The draft recommended practice is open for public comment through April 24, 2014. To download the draft or submit online comments, visit the Demand-Driven Acquisition Working Group webpage.

Annual Year in Review Issue of Information Standards Quarterly Published

The Spring 2014 issue of Information Standards Quarterly magazine providing a summary of the 2013 standards development work conducted by NISO and by the international ISO Information and Documentation committee (TC46) has been published in open access on the NISO website. NISO provides this Year in Review issue on an annual basis to keep readers apprised of all the accomplishments of our community in the past year.

In addition to the NISO and TC46 Year in Review articles and the annual reference listing of all of NISO's published standards, recommended practices, and technical reports, the issue includes a timeline with milestones over the past five years in celebration of NISO's 75th anniversary this summer.

Information Standards Quarterly is available electronically in open access from the NISO website at: ISQ is also available in print format by subscription or in print on demand.

April Webinar: Back from Marrakesh: Implementing an Accessible Content World

In the fall of 2013, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) agreed to a landmark treaty in Marrakesh, Morocco to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled. This treaty outlined for the first time a set of principles regarding the rights of the print-disabled to have all content made equally accessible for them. The opportunities afforded by digital content distribution to provide accessibility functionality built-in from the start of a publisher's production process and then be carried throughout the distribution process are tremendous.

NISO's April 9 webinar Back from Marrakesh: Implementing an Accessible Content World—to be held from 1:00 - 2:30 p.m. EDT—will provide an overview of the treaty, discuss its potential implications, and describe how standardized technology can facilitate access to the visually-impaired community.

Topics and speakers are:

  • Setting the Standards: Identifying Rights for Print-Disabled and Visually ImpairedGeorge Kerscher, Secretary General, DAISY Consortium, and President, International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)

  • Making History in Marrakesh: How the Blind Led Everyone ElseThiru Balasubramaniam, Geneva Representative, Knowledge Ecology International (KEI)

  • Walking the Walk: A Publisher's Perspective on Moving from Aspiration to Reality in Making Content AccessiblePaul Belfanti, Director, Content Architecture, Enterprise Architecture & Core Platforms, Pearson Education

Visit the event webpage to register and for more information.

April Virtual Conference: Dealing with the Data Deluge: Successful Techniques for Scientific Data Management

With the expansion of digital data collection and the increased expectations of data sharing, researchers are turning to their libraries or institutional repositories as a place to store and preserve that data. Many institutions have created such data management services and see the data curation role as a growing and important element of their service portfolio.

NISO's April 23 virtual conference Dealing with the Data Deluge: Successful Techniques for Scientific Data Management—to be held from 11:00 am to 5:00 p.m. EDT— will explore some of the practical lessons from those who have implemented data management and developed best practices, as well as provide some insight into the evolving issues the community faces.

Topics and speakers are:

  • Keynote SpeakerJan Brase, Ph.D., German National Library of Science and Technology

  • Guidelines and Resources for Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Data Access PlansJared Lyle, Director of Data Curation Services, Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), University of Michigan

  • Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles: Implementation and Compliance in the Dataverse RepositoryMerce Corsas, Ph.D., Director of Data Science, Institute for Quantitative Social Science (IQSS), Harvard University

  • Purdue University Research Repository (PURR): A Commitment to Supporting ResearchersMichael Witt, Head, Distributed Data Curation Center (D2C2); Associate Professor of Library Science, Purdue University Research Repository (PURR)

  • The Roles of Data Citation in Data ManagementChristine L. Borgman, Professor & Presidential Chair in Information Studies, UCLA

  • Is This Data Fit for My Use? The Challenges and Opportunities Data Provenance PresentsAdriane Chapman, MITRE

  • A Durable Space: Technologies for Accessing Our Collective Digital HeritageDavid Wilcox, Product Manager, DuraSpace

  • The SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE) Project: A Joint Initiative of ARL, AAU, and APLUJudy Ruttenberg, Program Director for Transforming Research Libraries, Association of Research Libraries (ARL)

For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.

May Webinar: Getting to the Right Content: Link Resolvers and Knowledgebases

Link resolvers have become an important element of providing access to full-text electronic content and are now ubiquitous in both the library and publishing community. These systems work well enough a majority of the time. However, they are not entirely problem free and, as a result, users may not always obtain access to information which their institutions have licensed for them. The management of the large volumes of linking data necessary to support these services is a problem in scale as well as in detail.

NISO's May 14 webinar Getting to the Right Content: Link Resolvers and Knowledgebases—to be held 1:00 to 2:30 p.m. EDT—will review several recent projects that have worked to improve the reliability of these systems.

Topics and speakers are:

  • KBART: A Recommended Practice to Increase Accessibility and DiscoveryChristine Stohn, Product Manager, Ex Libris

  • Building the Global Open KnowledgebaseKristen Wilson, Associate Head of Acquisitions & Discovery / GOKb Editor, North Carolina State University Libraries

  • What We Learned about OpenURL in NISO's IOTA InitiativeAdam Chandler, Electronic Resources User Experience Librarian, Cornell University

For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.

Joint NISO/NASIG May Webinar: Playing the Numbers: Best Practices in Acquiring, Interpreting, and Applying Usage Statistics

In a time of shrinking budgets and growing reliance on electronic resources, the collection and analysis of usage statistics has become a staple of the library world. But while usage statistics may be ubiquitous, many librarians still struggle with the best methods of interpreting the data. The ability to effectively understand and apply usage data is an important skill for librarians to master as they attempt to analyze their collections and justify their expenses to administrations.

NISO and NASIG's joint webinar Playing the Numbers: Best Practices in Acquiring, Interpreting, and Applying Usage Statistics—to be held on May 21 from 1:00 to 2:30 EDT—will highlight the ins and outs of the latest COUNTER Code of Practice, as well as discuss the process of analyzing the data once harvested.

Topics and speakers are:

  • COUNTER Update: Release 4 of the COUNTER Code of Practice for e-ResourcesPeter Shepherd, Project Director, COUNTER

  • Integrating COUNTER Statistics within the Information WorkflowOliver Pesch, Chief Product Strategist and Senior Vice President, EBSCO Information Services

  • TERMS: Techniques for Electronic Resources Management: Integrating Usage DataJill Emery, Collection Development Librarian, Portland State University Library

For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.

New on the NISO Website

New Specs & Standards

ARMA International Recruiting Volunteers for New Technical Report Project on Retention Management for Records and Information

This forthcoming ARMA International technical report will cover elements essential to the structuring of a records and information management (RIM) program's retention and disposition component including: authority and responsibility; identifying and classifying records for retention purposes; and methods for determining retention periods for all records. The existing ARMA International publication, Retention Management for Records and Information, was originally released in 2005 and is currently available as a guideline. This project will allow a review of that publication and enable revisions to be made as appropriate. Volunteers interested in joining this project should e-mail with the subject line "Join Retention Management Workgroup."

ISO/TR 18128:2014, Information and documentation – Risk assessment for records processes and systems

This new technical report is intended to assist organizations in assessing risks to records processes and systems so they can ensure records continue to meet identified business needs as long as required. The report: a) establishes a method of analysis for identifying risks related to records processes and systems; b) provides a method of analyzing the potential effects of adverse events on records processes and systems; and c) provides guidelines for conducting an assessment of risks related to records processes and systems, and) provides guidelines for documenting identified and assessed risks in preparation for mitigation.

OASIS Approves Data 4.0 Standards for an Open, Programmable Web

The Open Data Protocol (OData) 4.0 and the OData JSON Format 4.0 are REST-based standards that simplify the querying and sharing of data across applications for re-use in the enterprise, cloud, and mobile devices. With OData, information can be accessed from a variety of sources including relational databases, file systems, content management systems, and traditional web sites. OData 4.0 and the OData JSON Format 4.0 are now official OASIS Standards, a status that signifies the highest level of ratification.

W3C Recommendation, Metadata API for Media Resources 1.0

This specification defines an API to access metadata information related to media resources on the Web. The overall purpose is to provide developers with a convenient access to metadata information stored in different metadata formats. The API provides means to access the set of metadata properties defined in the Ontology for Media Resources 1.0 specification. These properties are used as a pivot vocabulary in this API. The core of this specification is the definition of API interfaces for retrieving metadata information in synchronous and asynchronous modes. It also defines interfaces for structured return types along with the specification of the behavior of an API implementation.

W3C Working Group Note, Linked Data Platform Use Cases and Requirements

To foster the development of the Linked Data Platform specification, this document includes a set of user stories, use cases, scenarios, and requirements that motivate a simple read-write Linked Data architecture, based on HTTP access to web resources that describe their state using RDF. The starting point for the development of these use cases is a collection of user stories that provide realistic examples describing how people may use read-write Linked Data. The use cases themselves are captured in a narrative style that describes a behavior, or set of behaviors, based on and using scenarios from these user stories.

W3C First Public Working Draft, Annotation Use Cases

This document was published by the W3C Digital Publishing Interest Group, in coordination with the Open Annotation Community Group, as a First Working Draft describing the set of use cases generated for Annotation and Social Reading. The initial version of this document focuses on books and, at this time, does not include requirements specific to magazines or newspapers. Comments regarding this document should be sent to (subscribe, archives).

Media Stories

International ISBN Agency New Database and Website
EDItEUR Newsletter, March 2014

The International ISBN Agency announced the release of its brand new modernized website. The web portal is more informative and intuitive than the previous site, and the accompanying database and ISBN management system available to the 150 national ISBN agencies around the world have also been overhauled with improved functionality and greater ease of use. (Read the full story.)

NISO Note: NISO is the Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC9, the committee with responsibility for the ISBN standard.

DataCite,, and Databib Announce Collaboration press release, March 25, 2014

"Databib and " – Registry of Research Data Repositories" are pleased to announce their plan to merge their two projects into one service that will be managed under the auspices of DataCite by the end of 2015. The aim of this merger is to reduce duplication of effort and to better serve the research community with a single, sustainable registry of research data repositories that incorporates the best features of both projects." (Read the full story.)

NISO Note: To learn more about data management, attend NISO's April 23 virtual conference Dealing with the Data Deluge: Successful Techniques for Scientific Data Management.

North American Working Group To Revise Model License
Center for Research Libraries news release, March 13, 2014

"Libraries today must be strongly proactive in shaping the licenses that govern their campuses' electronic information resources. A multi-organizational effort is now underway to strengthen libraries' negotiating position in the e-resources marketplace. In 1997, the LIBLICENSE project (then at Yale Library and since 2011 at the Center for Research Libraries) cleared a path for librarians by creating the LIBLICENSE Model License. …Now, with support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, a vigorous overhaul of the Model License is in progress under the auspices of the Center for Research Libraries." (Read the full story.)

NISO Note: For an alternative to a license, see NISO's Shared Electronic Resource Understanding (SERU) recommended practice (NISO RP-7-2012). Association of Research Libraries, California Digital Library, Council on Library and Information Resources, Emory University Library, and Yale University Library are NISO members.

Digital Preservation File Format Policies of ARL Member Libraries: An Analysis
D-Lib Magazine, March/April 2014, 20 (3/4); by Kyle Rimkus, Thomas Padilla, Tracy Popp and Greer Martin

"While concerted efforts have been made in the library community to encourage common standards, digital preservation policies regularly vary from one digital library service to another. In the interest of gaining a broad view of contemporary digital preservation practice in North American research libraries, this paper presents the findings of a study of file format policies at Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member institutions. It is intended to present the digital preservation community with an assessment of the level of trust currently placed in common file formats in digital library collections and institutional repositories." (Read the full story.)

NISO Note: NISO members mentioned in this article: Association of Research Libraries, Cornell University Library, Florida Virtual Campus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), OCLC, and University of Michigan Library.

Metadata Matters
IPG Blog, March 7, 2014; by Graham Bell

"With online sales becoming yet more dominant, and sales through the high street shrinking further, data about your product—as opposed to the product itself—becomes your primary contact with the customer and reader. And yet, when judging a recent set of entries to an industry award, I noted that only one out of 14 otherwise excellent submissions specifically mentioned metadata quality. This is odd, and it shows that comprehensive, accurate, timely metadata still isn't a given." (Read the full story.)

NISO Note: A number of NISO initiatives are focused on improvements to metadata including Improving OpenURLs Through Analytics, Knowledge Base and Related Tools, Open Access Metadata and Indicators, and the Open Discovery Initiative.

Name Identification Using the ISNI: An Interview with Laura Dawson
The Scholarly Kitchen, March 12, 2014; by Todd A. Carpenter

"As online systems for discovering and distributing content have grown, so too has the need for unambiguous identification of people and the parties exchanging that content. Several systems have been in development in the past couple of years, notably the Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) and the International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) system. How these two systems relate, engage each other, and serve community needs isn't always clear. In hopes of alleviating some of the confusion, I sat down with Laura Dawson from Bowker to discuss the International Standard Name Identifier, how it relates to ORCID, and other issues surrounding identity management systems. This is a summary of that conversation." (Read the full story.)

NISO Note: NISO is the Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC9, the committee with responsibility for the ISNI standard. The I² (Institutional Identifiers) recommended practice (NISO RP-7-2013) is available from the NISO website. NISO members mentioned in this article are: Bowker, ProQuest, OCLC, Jisc Collections, Ringgold, and the British Library.

Open Access: Progress, Possibilities, and the Changing Scholarly Communications Ecosystem
Online Searcher, March/April 2014; by Abby Clobridge

"By all accounts, we're past the tipping point with open access (OA). During the past 10 years, open access has moved from the domain of disruptive technology to an increasingly adopted approach to research dissemination. Within the publishing world, OA journals are becoming so widely accepted, even some long-established players are moving OA from the sidelines to the heart of their strategies for the future. Universities in countries around the world have passed open access policies and are incorporating OA into the way in which they capture, collect, and disseminate researcher output. Increasing numbers of research funding organizations and national governments are pushing for public access, open access, and open data. …But even with policies springing up all over the world, a growing number of high-quality open access journals and an increasingly mature repository infrastructure, misconceptions about open access still abound." (Read the full story.)

NISO Note: NISO's two-part March webinar on Open Access Infrastructure discussed many of the issues and developments in OA. View the slide presentations for Part 1: Knowing What is Open and Part 2: Toward a Functioning Business Ecosystem.