October 2013

Business Information Topic Committee

Co-chair: Denise Davis (Sacramento Public Library), Karla Strieb (Ohio State University Library)


Demand-Driven Acquisitions Working Group

Co-chairs: Barbara Kawecki (YBP Library Services); Michael Levine-Clark (University of Denver)
DDA Workroom

As described in its work item proposal, this Working Group is developing recommendations on best practices for populating and managing the pool of monographic titles under consideration for potential purchase, including methods for automated updating and removal of discovery records; development of consistent models for the three basic aspects of e-book DDA—free discovery to prevent inadvertent transactions, temporary lease, and purchase—that work for publishers and libraries; methods for managing DDA of multiple formats; and ways in which print-on-demand (POD) solutions can be linked to DDA.

As part of the information gathering phase of its work currently under way, subgroups covering the areas of technical processes, access methods, and metric modeling contributed questions to a master survey. The survey was open during the month of August, and garnered 180 responses to dozens of questions. Most of the responses were highly qualitative, and have yielded much rich data for the Working Group members to process. Follow-up surveys for public libraries and consortia have also been organized. Currently subcommittee members are processing survey results for their areas, determining whether followup such as interviews should be conducted, and putting together area analyses which can then be used as input for the draft Recommended Practice. It is planned that the draft Recommended Practice will be available for comment in March 2014.

Co-chairs Barbara Kawecki and Michael Levine-Clark will present the survey and the general work of the DDA Working Group at the Charleston Conference on November 8. To receive updates on the work of this group, and to be directly informed when its survey is available, subscribe to its announcement list.

PIE-J (Presentation & Identification of E-Journals) Standing Committee PIE-J: Presentation and Identification of E-Journals

Co-chairs: Ed Cilurso (Taylor & Francis), Sarah (Sally) Glasser (Hofstra University)
PIE-J Workroom

PIE-J Recommended Practice (NISO RP-16-2013)

The PIE-J Recommended Practice, PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals (NISO RP-16-2013) was published earlier this year. It provides guidance to publishers and platform providers on the presentation of e-journals—a critical component of the global scholarly infrastructure—particularly in the areas of title presentation, accurate use of ISSN, and citation practices. The PIE-J RP is intended to alleviate the problems encountered by end users when working online to access article-based materials using citation elements. Additionally, two forms of a brochure describing PIE-J are available via the PIE-J Workroom page.

The PIE-J Standing Committee, consisting of some members who served on the original Working Group, and some new librarians and publishers, has now started its monthly meetings, during which the group will plan support and publicity for the Recommended Practice, including conference presentations, and manage communications to determine when updates to the recommendations are needed.

SERU (Shared E-Resource Understanding) Standing Committee SERU logo

Co-chairs: Adam Chesler (Business Expert Press), Anne McKee (Greater Western Library Alliance)
SERU Workroom
SERU Recommended Practice (NISO RP-7-2012)

The SERU Recommended Practice, updated in 2012 to be more flexible for use with online products beyond e-journals, continues to be supported by its Standing Committee through efforts to publicize SERU and educate libraries and publishers via direct contacts and public presentations at industry conferences. Support includes the SERU public workroom pages, which were updated and revised at the time the SERU revision was published to better help publishers and libraries understand and use the SERU material. The SERU Registry continues to be updated with new supporters of SERU and is intended to enable publishers and librarians to more easily identify each other; in the last quarter 6 new publishers and 6 new libraries have been added.

SUSHI (Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative) Standing Committee SUSHI logo

Chair: Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Workroom
SUSHI standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2013)
COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-2012)

This Standing Committee provides maintenance and support for ANSI/NISO Z39.93, The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol, and acts as the maintenance group for the COUNTER schema by providing recommendations to COUNTER and making changes to the COUNTER XML schemas (as approved by COUNTER).

The Standing Committee continues its work of pursuing relevant changes to the SUSHI schema in light of the release of COUNTER 4 and making applicable updates to the SUSHI workroom pages, including an imminent page reorganization. In addition, the group is soliciting other additions such as sample COUNTER Release 4 files. Members have also reviewed the SUSHI server registry to better enable support for COUNTER Release 4, and have reviewed sample client code from interested parties. The group is now implementing a continuous maintenance procedure, which will enable it to more smoothly shuttle through further updates to the standard, and is forming a working group to create a technical report supporting various lighter-weight SUSHI implementations. The Standing Committee also welcomed Ashley Bass of Serials Solutions to the SUSHI SC roster in September.

Z39.7 Data Dictionary Standing Committee

Chair: Martha Kyrillidou, Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
Z39.7 Data Dictionary

The Information Services and Use: Metrics & statistics for libraries and information providers – Data Dictionary (ANSI/NISO Z39.7) is an online standard, available in HTML and PDF versions that is continuously maintained; the fifth edition was released in summer 2013. The purpose of the Data Dictionary is to assist the information community by indicating and defining useful quantifiable information to measure the resources and performance of libraries and to provide a body of valid and comparable data on American libraries. It identifies standard definitions, methods, and practices relevant to library statistics activities in the United States. The Data Dictionary is provided online, and any user may submit suggested changes. The Standing Committee then reviews these suggestions during its monthly phone calls.

The Standing Committee continues to scan and review the statistical survey landscape, examining other assessment efforts in the community, including conferences and papers. Discussions include the effects of these on the Data Dictionary, including use of particular vocabularies across the various efforts. The Standing Committee is also closely following ISO's TC46/SC8 group, which is working on a number of projects in this area.

For notifications about approved future revisions to the standard, subscribe to the Z39.7 notification mailing list.

Content & Collection Management Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Marti Heyman (Cengage); Betty Landesman (University of Baltimore)


Digital Bookmarking and Annotation Sharing Working Group

Co-chairs: Ken Haase (beingmeta, inc.), Dan Whaley (hypothes.is)
E-Book Annotation Sharing and Social Reading workshops webpage

This Working Group—formed following discussion meetings funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation held in October 2011 in Frankfurt, Germany, and San Francisco, CA—intends to address the system requirements and syntax specification for online citation and annotation sharing. There is a need in digital environments (especially in the realm of e-books) to locate reference points and share citations and annotations for the same text across a variety of hardware platforms, likely across various editions. Group participants include libraries, suppliers, and members of trade associations.

The Working Group is currently in hiatus as appropriate next steps are determined.

JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite Standing Committee

Co-chairs: Jeff Beck (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine), B. Tommie Usdin (Mulberry Technologies, Inc.)
JATS Workroom

JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012 (HTML)
JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012) (PDF)

The JATS Standing Committee utilizes Continuous Maintenance procedures to determine appropriate actions to be taken on comments received on ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, the intellectual successor to the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite version 3.0. The group met regularly through the summer and has compiled responses and actions to be taken on a number of points of input, which are now in the process of organization.

Journal Article Versions (JAV) Addendum Working Group

Chair: Michael Dellert (SAGE Publications)
JAV Addendum Workroom

In 2008, the NISO Journal Article Version (JAV) working group developed a set of recommended terms to be applied to iterations of an article's lifecycle. The terms were assigned scope and definition that allow for actionable, unambiguous, and reliable tools for publishers, librarians, aggregators, indexers, and end users. As JAV was adopted, the scope of the term "proof" was found to be less precise and more difficult to apply than the other terms and a proposal was made to issue an Addendum to address this problem.

This Working Group, currently on hiatus due to chair staffing changes, worked into the summer discussing perspectives on drafting the addendum to JAV regarding the "proof" category of articles as described above. The group also considered a proposal for an overall metadata framework or dictionary for JAV, in which its terms could be incorporated—meaning that different users of JAV could utilize their own local terms as part of the overall framework without collision. It is expected that the general work will re-commence later this year.

Protocol for Exchanging Serial Content Working Group

Co-chairs: Leslie Johnston (Library of Congress), Kimberly Tryka (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine)
PESC Workroom

PESC is a new project whose work item was approved by NISO Voting Members in June. This Working Group, consisting of representatives from libraries, publishers, service providers and archiving organizations, will create a NISO Recommended Practice to describe a packaging specification to be used for exchange and archiving of serial publications. Several meetings have already taken place and the group has begun its information gathering phase, where members are actively sharing local practices and procedures in order to identify commonalities and best practices.

As described in the work item, many different organizations—such as libraries, archives, indexing services, content aggregators, publishers, and content creators—need to exchange and work with digital files that make up serial content. These files can be shuttled from organization to organization and within an organization many times during the lifecycle of the content. Packaging is of concern to any organization that needs to exchange files. The Working Group will need to define the format of, and information to be included in, a manifest that describes a group of digital files related to a serial and that can be used to ensure the integrity of the file group. The Working Group will also examine current practice and see what strategies are currently used in the community. Depending on the results of this exploration the Working Group might find that it is possible to either adopt a current method wholesale, or to make changes to a current method to better address the specific needs of serial content, rather than creating a new method from scratch.

Leslie Johnston and Kim Tryka, PESC co-chairs, plan to participate on the NISO Open Teleconference on December 9 to provide an update on the group's work.

Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Lucy Harrison (Florida Virtual Campus), Pascal Calarco (University of Waterloo)


Improving OpenURL Through Analytics (IOTA) Standing CommitteeIOTA: Small changes, Big Improvements

Chair: Adam Chandler (Cornell University)
IOTA Workroom
IOTA Website including blog and analytic log files
Follow on Twitter: @nisoiota

The IOTA (Improving OpenURLs Through Analytics) Standing Committee, consisting of all the members of the IOTA Working Group, has been approved to educate stakeholders and facilitate support for the newly-published recommended practice, Improving OpenURLs Through Analytics (IOTA): Recommendations for Link Resolver Providers (NISO RP-21-2013) and technical report, IOTA Working Group Summary of Activities and Outcomes (NISO TR-05-2013). The IOTA work was originally chartered to investigate the feasibility of creating industry-wide, transparent, and scalable metrics for evaluating and comparing the quality of OpenURL implementations across content providers.

Part of the Standing Committee's efforts include public presentations at conferences. Adam Chandler and Aron Wolf will be presenting IOTA's work at the Charleston Conference on November 7.

NISO/UKSG Knowledge Bases And Related Tools (KBART) Phase 2 Working Group KBART logo

Co-chairs: Magaly Bascones (JISC), Chad Hutchens (University of Wyoming)
Contact KBART Chairs for endorsement approval
KBART Workroom (NISO)
KBART Website (UKSG)

The NISO/UKSG KBART Phase II Working Group provides support for the Phase I Recommended Practice, NISO RP-9-2010, KBART: Knowledge Bases and Related Tools, and is developing a second Recommended Practice to build on the recommendations of the first, specifically addressing the areas of metadata for e-books and conference proceedings, packages licensed via consortia deals, and how open access metadata might be published and shared in knowledge bases.

The Phase II recommended practice covering the areas listed above was available for comment from September 4 to October 4. Several dozen comments of various types were received, and the Working Group is now scheduling meetings in order to review these and determine appropriate responses to them. When this work is complete the final version of the Recommended Practice will be presented to the Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee for final approval before NISO publication.

The KBART Registry also continues to be maintained with details of contacts, URLs, and instructions relating to the transfer of e-resource metadata between content providers and link resolvers. Note that registration of contact details does not require endorsement, though all content providers, from major databases to small publishers, are encouraged to publicly endorse the KBART Recommended Practice by submitting a sample file to the KBART Working Group. Once the file's format and content has been reviewed and approved, and the provider has made it publicly available (in line with the recommendations), the provider will be added to a public list of endorsing providers. When the Phase II RP is finalized, its guidelines are the ones that providers should follow for endorsement.

To follow the group's activities, subscribe to the KBART interest mailing list.

NCIP (NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol) Standing Committee

Chair: Mike Dicus (Ex Libris)
NCIP Workroom
NCIP Standing Committee
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange - Part 1: Protocol (NCIP)
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

On monthly conference calls, the NCIP Standing Committee reviews status of implementations and other general business based on the latest version of NCIP, version 2.02, published in 2012 and available via the NCIP Workroom page. Twice a year, meetings are held in person in order to review ongoing updates to the NCIP protocol per the Standing Committee's continuous maintenance procedure.

Recently, EnvisionWare, which had been serving as the NCIP Maintenance Agency, stepped down from this post. The Standing Committee determined that the maintenance tasks could be taken over by its members, and recommended that the position of Maintenance Agency be dissolved. This recommendation was approved by the NISO Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee. It should be stressed that this administrative change translates into no functional change to NCIP or loss of any support. In its fall meeting, which took place in Denver in October, the Standing Committee discussed changes to the NCIP workroom pages and website (formerly a maintenance agency task), continued its implementer updates roundtable discussion, and received updates on related projects, including the ISO ILL Transactions work (ISO 18626), the Library Communications Framework (LCF), and the NISO SIP work.

Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group

Co-chairs: Ed Pentz (CrossRef), Cameron Neylon (PLOS), Greg Tananbaum (SPARC)
Open Access Metadata and Indicators Workroom
Open Access Metadata and Indicators Work Item Proposal

This Working Group is developing standardized bibliographic metadata and visual indicators to describe the accessibility of journal articles as well as potentially describe how "open" the item is. Many offerings are available from publishers under the banner of Open Access (OA), Increased Access, Public Access, or other descriptions; the terms offered vary between publishers and, in some cases, based on the funding organization of the author. Adding to the potential confusion, a number of publishers also offer hybrid options in which some articles are "open" while the rest of the journal's content is available only by subscription or license. No standardized bibliographic metadata currently provides information on whether a specific article is freely readable and what re-use rights might be available to readers. Visual indicators or icons indicating the openness of an article are inconsistent in both design and use across publishers or even across journals from the same publisher.

The group has been meeting on a biweekly schedule and after generating a use cases document that has helped supply analysis for various potential solutions, is now in the process of finalizing its draft recommendations. It is anticipated that this draft document will be available for public comment by December 2013.

To follow the work of this group, subscribe to the OA Indicators mailing list.

Open Discovery Initiative Working Group ODI logo

Co-chairs: Marshall Breeding (Independent Consultant), Jenny Walker (Independent Consultant)
ODI Workroom

Draft ODI Recommended Practice - for comment

The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims at defining standards and/or best practices for the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search. The Working Group—made up of discovery vendors, primary and secondary publishers, and librarians— met regularly starting in January 2012 and formed itself into four subgroups, working in the areas of technical formats, communication of libraries' rights/level of indexing, definition of fair linking, and usage statistics.

The ODI Recommended Practice is now available for comment through November 18. The document includes background on the discovery landscape, specific recommendations in each of the four areas listed above, and recommendations for next steps after the ODI Recommended Practice is published. As previously noted, the groups made use of a survey circulated to the community and published a survey report that summarizes that information.

After the comment period closes, the Working Group will meet again to review the comments and provide responses to them, making adjustments to the Recommended Practice as appropriate. It is hoped that the final Recommended Practice can be presented to the Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee for final approval before publication in the new year.

Marshall Breeding, ODI co-chair, will be talking about the group's work on the November 18 NISO Open Teleconference. Those interested in following the work of this effort can join the ODI observer mailing list.

ResourceSync Working GroupResourceSync logo

Co-chairs: Todd Carpenter (NISO), Herbert Van de Sompel (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
ResourceSync Workroom

ResourceSync is a specification that describes a synchronization framework for the web consisting of various capabilities that allow third party systems to remain synchronized with a server's evolving resources. These capabilities may be combined to meet local requirements. A server may also describe synchronization capabilities which it supports and ways that third party systems may discover this support. The core ResourceSync group has been funded by the Sloan Foundation and is augmented by other industry and research participants, some of whom are sponsored by JISC.

The ResourceSync beta specification has been finalized and approved by the ResourceSync Working Group and is now in the editing phase in order to undergo approval by the NISO Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee, before being presented to the NISO Voting Members for approval and comment, and finally to ANSI for publication. The core functionality of the specification, representing a functional replacement of OAI-PMH, is included in this material. Other features, such as push notification and archive capabilities, are desirable but can't be completed in the timeframe for the project; however it is likely that further development for these will proceed in the future through an additional path.

Recent public presentations by members of the Working Group have included TPDL (Malta, September) and Repository Fringe (Edinburgh, August) for which video and slides are available, as well as a discussion of the project on the NISO September Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available. Herbert Van de Sompel will provide a half-day tutorial on ResourceSync on November 10 following the LITA Forum in Louisville, KY. Also in the works is a NISO ResourceSync webinar planned for Tuesday, December 3—more information on this will be coming soon!

Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) Working Group

Co-chairs: John Bodfish (OCLC), Ted Koppel (Auto-Graphics)
SIP Workroom

The Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP), introduced by 3M in 1993, provides a standard communication mechanism to allow Integrated Library System (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions and has become the de facto standard around the world to integrate ILSs and self-service devices. This Working Group is directing the existing SIP version 3.0 specification through the NISO standardization process.

The SIP Working Group began its work in October 2012 by identifying four important high-level areas to be considered as relevant to the SIP3 work product. These are: the SIP3 documents themselves, including revisions/corrections/additions, resolving ambiguities, etc.; the Maintenance Agency; SIP3's relation to privacy standards and security; and the relation to NCIP. It has taken a year for the group to work through these areas on biweekly conference calls, as some of the items pertaining to the SIP3 documents are major issues requiring research and discussion to reach a satisfactory consensus. The group is anticipating that these discussions will be completed in the coming weeks and its work will move to editing a final document incorporating all the discussed changes.

Following the completion of the documents, the Working Group plans to address questions of compliance, certification, and assured interoperability. Updated materials in conjunction with the group's work will be added to its Workroom page as they are finalized. John Bodfish, Working Group co-chair, participated on the October NISO Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available.