Just prior to the ALA Annual conference, NISO announced that its membership decided to launch a new initiative to develop recommended practices for the Demand-Driven Acquisition (DDA) of Monographs. A DDA project requires a number of implementation decisions, procedures, and business processes to work effectively. NISO's goal with this initiative is to draw together the community experience in the various pilots and tests of demand-driven acquisitions that have been undertaken and publicly described. More information about the project and the working group that NISO is standing up is available by contacting the NISO office.
For the publishing community, the variety of DDA initiatives could be as much of a boon as a threat, presuming that they are prepared for the new discovery environment. As Joe Esposito wrote in his Scholarly Kitchen post on patron driven acquisitions, the ability of publishers to succeed in a demand-driven environment is dependent on the publisher's ability "to create high-quality and extensive metadata and see that it gets distributed to discovery services." The only way to discover a book online is via the metadata publishers distribute. As library patrons and book purchasers increasingly move to online discovery and book-buying or borrowing, publishers and libraries need to deeply integrate such metadata support into their work. There are a number of industry initiatives underway to improve the quality of metadata streams, including the 2009 report that NISO produced with the support of OCLC on the book metadata workflow, the NISO/UKSG KBART initiative, and the BISG metadata quality certification project among others.
While many of us (myself included) are enjoying a much-needed summer break, the fall isn't too far away with its associated pickup in activity. Not long after the end of summer, NISO will be hosting two in-person meetings, where I hope many of you will be able to join us. The first meeting will be held in Denver during September on Managing and Citing Research Data, and the second will be in Boston in October on the E-book Renaissance. More information about both programs is on the NISO website. We hope that many of you can join us for at least one of these two events. We'll also be picking up the NISO educational programs in August after a summer break, with two webinars (see stories below).
We are also pleased to welcome three new NISO members this month: the University of Michigan Library, Florida Atlantic University, and Cornell University Library. Several other libraries are expected to join in the near future. Part of the impetus for the influx of Library Standards Alliance members has been the new benefits NISO is providing. Earlier this spring, the NISO Board of Directors expanded the LSA membership benefits to include all 14 of NISO's 2012 educational webinars. This is an excellent, cost-effective opportunity for institutions to provide training to their staffs. More information about joining NISO as a voting or LSA member is available on the NISO website.
Finally, later this month, NISO will be moving our offices to a new location in Baltimore. (See the banner above.) We are excited about the move, but as with any move it will include some disruption—hopefully minimal. We'll be closing the office from July 25-27 to make the transition. Please make note of the new physical mailing address; our phone, fax and electronic contact information will be unchanged.
For now it is back to the lake for my family and me. I hope that all of you have an opportunity to break away from work this summer and enjoy some time with friends and family.
New Specs & Standards
NISO Voting Members Elect New Vice Chair and Directors to Lead the Organization in 2012-2013
The membership of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has elected new leadership for the 2012-2013 term that begins on July 1, 2012. Barbara Preece, Dean of the Library California State University, San Marcos, who previously served as Vice Chair, will become Chair of NISO for the 2012-13 term. Heather Reid, Director of Data Systems at the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) and a NISO Board Director at the time of the election, has been elected to serve as Vice Chair of the NISO Board of Directors and will transition into the chairmanship in the 2013-14 term.
Elected as Directors for the Board are: Janice L. Fleming, Director of Business and Planning for PsycINFO, American Psychological Association; Mairead Martin, Senior Director of Digital Library Technologies, Pennsylvania State University; Patricia A. Steele, Dean, University of Maryland Libraries; Tyler Walters, Dean, University Libraries, Virginia Tech; and Keith Webster, VP and Director, Academic Relations and Strategy , John Wiley and Sons.
Bruce Heterick, Vice President, Outreach & Participation Services, JSTOR and Portico, who is currently serving as NISO's Chair, will serve the next term in the role as Past Chair. Bruce Rosenblum, CEO of Inera Incorporated, will continue to serve as NISO's Treasurer, a position he has held since 2011. Todd Carpenter, NISO Executive Director also serves Ex Officio on the Board as Secretary.
The full press release is available on the NISO website.
NISO Launches Two New Initiatives: Standardization of SIP and Recommended Practices for DDA of Monographs
NISO voting members have approved two new initiatives for the organization. The first project is to formalize the 3M Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) as an American National Standard. Introduced in 1993, the SIP protocol provides a mechanism for Integrated Library Systems (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions. This protocol quickly became a de facto standard around the world, and remains the primary protocol to integrate ILS and self-service devices. Since the protocol's inception, 3M has continued to produce updated versions of it-most recently version 3.0 in late 2011. A NISO Working Group will now shepherd SIP 3.0 through the standardization process of becoming an American National Standard. There is close connection between SIP and NISO's Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) standard. With both standards approved and maintained within NISO, there is an opportunity for the two standards' working groups to clarify the structural differences and to provide the community direction on the appropriateness for each standard within a given context. This will be one of the tasks of both the new working group and the NCIP Maintenance Agency moving forward. View the SIP project proposal for more information.
The second project is to develop recommended practices for the Demand-Driven Acquisition (DDA) of Monographs. Many libraries have embraced DDA (also referred to as patron-driven acquisition) to present many more titles to their patrons for potential use and purchase than would ever be feasible under the traditional purchase model. If implemented correctly, DDA can make it possible to purchase only what is needed, allowing libraries to spend the same amount of money as they previously spent on monographs, but with a higher rate of use. However, this model requires libraries to develop and implement new procedures for adding titles to a "consideration pool", for keeping unowned titles available for purchase for some future period, often years after publication, for providing discovery methods of titles in the pool, establishing rules on when a title gets purchased or only temporarily leased, and how potential titles are discovered, and for handling of multiple formats of a title. The new NISO initiative will develop recommendations to address these issues, hopefully with a single set of practices that will cover both electronic and print formats. The project proposal is available for download from the NISO website.
Working group formation for both initiatives is underway. Interested participants should contact Nettie Lagace. For those interested in following the projects, e-mail interest group lists have been established. For information on how to join either list, visit the NISO Public E-mail Lists webpage.
NISO August Webinar: Content on the Go: Mobile Access to E-Resources
The wide availability of ever-improving mobile hardware, software, and connectivity continue to affect the experience of information seekers, and to place new demands and opportunities on libraries and information providers. How can libraries and publishers provide effective new interfaces for collections to help a user base continually on the move?
Join NISO on August 8, 2012 from 1:00-2:30 p.m. (EDT) for the webinar Content on the Go: Mobile Access to E-Resources where speakers will explore many of the pressing questions about libraries' interaction with and promotion of mobile technologies.
Topics and speakers are:
Registration is per site (access for one computer). Discounts are available for NISO and NASIG members and students. Can't make it on the webinar date/time? Register now and gain access to the recorded archive for one year.
Visit the event webpage to register and for more information.
NISO/DCMI August Webinar: Metadata for Managing Scientific Research Data
NISO and the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) will be holding the third of their joint webinars on August 22, 2012 from 1:00-2:30 p.m. EDT on the topic of Metadata for Managing Scientific Research Data.
The past few years have seen increased attention to national and international policies for data archiving and sharing. Chief motivators include the proliferation of digital data and a growing interest in research data and supplemental information as part of the framework for scholarly communication. Key objectives include not only preservation of scientific research data, but also making data accessible to verify research findings and support the reuse and repurposing of data.
Metadata figures prominently in these undertakings, and is critical for the success of any data repositories or archiving initiative, hence the increased attention to metadata for scientific data—specifically for metadata standards development and interoperability, data curation and metadata generation processes, data identifiers, name authority control (for scientists), linked data, ontology and vocabulary work, and data citation standards.
This joint NISO/DCMI webinar will provide an historical perspective and an overview of current metadata practices for managing scientific data, with examples drawn from operational repositories and community-driven data science initiatives. It will discuss challenges and potential solutions for metadata generation, identifiers, name authority control, linked data, and data citation.
Registration is per site (access for one computer). Discounts are available for NISO and DCMI members and for students. Can't make it on the live webinar date/time? Registrants get access to the recorded version for one year. For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.
NISO Forum: Tracking It Back to the Source: Managing and Citing Research Data
As data creation increases exponentially across nearly all scholarly disciplines, new roles and requirements are rising to meet the challenges in organization, identification, description, publication, discovery, citation, preservation, and curation to allow these materials to realize their potential in support of data-driven, often interdisciplinary research. Join NISO on September 24 in Denver for the in-person forum Tracking it Back to the Source: Managing and Citing Research Data and learn about several new initiatives to improve community practice on data citation and data discovery.
Speakers and topics include:
The agenda, registration, and hotel information are available on the event webpage. Get the early bird discount by registering by September 10, 2012. NISO members and students receive a discounted rate.
NISO Forum: The E-Book Renaissance, Part II: Challenges and Opportunities
NISO will be following up on last year's acclaimed forum on The E-book Renaissance with Part II on Challenges and Opportunities, a two-day forum in Boston, MA on October 18-19, 2012.
E-books have existed in the library landscape for over a decade, but it is only in the last few years that their use has shifted to finally become the game-changer that all have anticipated for so long. Availability, distribution, licensing, discoverability, current and future access, and usage of e-books all require content providers and libraries to change many of their existing processes and develop new ways to do business. Amidst this confusion is a wealth of opportunities for new collaborations and initiatives.
The NISO Forum, The E-Book Renaissance, Part II: Challenges and Opportunities will probe the key issues surrounding e-books from a variety of industry, library, scholarly, and consumer viewpoints. Participate in the community discussion for advancing e-book development, distribution, and use.
Topic and speakers include:
An early bird registration discount is available through October 5, 2012. Additional discounts are available to NISO members and students. Visit the event webpage for more information and to register.
PIE-J Draft Recommended Practice Comment Deadline Extended
The deadline for comments on the draft recommended practice PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals (NISO RP-16-201x) has been extended to July 18, 2012 to accommodate requests from some reviewers who needed extra time.
This Recommended Practice was developed to provide guidance on the presentation of e-journals-particularly in the areas of title presentation, accurate use of ISSN, and citation practices-to publishers and platform providers, as well as to solve some long-standing concerns of serials librarians.
The PIE-J draft Recommended Practice and an online commenting form are available from the NISO PIE-J workroom webpage.
New on the NISO Website
New Specs & Standards
Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, DCMI Metadata Terms Published with RDFa Markup
A maintenance release of DCMI Metadata Terms now includes HTML markup describing all of its properties, classes, datatypes, and vocabulary encoding schemes in machine-readable RDF in accordance with the new W3C RDFa Lite 1.1 specification. A Web page with RDFa provides—in the same source document—both the human-readable text rendered on-screen by browsers and the detailed machine-readable representation needed by Semantic Web applications. All of the software and data used to generate this documentation is available from an open-source repository on GitHub.
Provides guidance for the conversion of records from one format to another and the migration of records from one hardware or software configuration to another. It contains applicable records management requirements, the organizational and business framework for conducting the conversion and migration process, technology planning issues, and monitoring/controls for the process. This standard was derived from ANSI/ARMA 16-2007, The Digital Records Conversion Process: Program Planning, Requirements, Procedures.
ISO 14289-1:2012, Document management applications – Electronic document file format enhancement for accessibility – Part 1: Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF/UA-1)
Specifies how to use the Portable Document Format (PDF) ISO 32000-1:2008 to produce electronic documents that are accessible to users with disabilities. The accessibility of a document is dependent on the inclusion of a variety of semantic information in a document such as (but not limited to) machine-recoverable text presented in a declared language, logical structure of content, and organization of that content in pages, sections, and paragraphs.
ISO/IEC 29160:2012, Information technology – Radio frequency identification for item management – RFID Emblem
Specifies the design and use of the RFID Emblem: an easily identified visual guide that indicates the presence of radio frequency identification (RFID). It does not address location of the RFID Emblem on a label. Specific placement requirements are left to application standards developers. It also specifies an RFID Index, a two-character code that provides specific information about compliant tags and interrogators. Successful reading of RFID tags requires knowledge of the frequency, protocol, and data structure information provided by the RFID Index.
W3C Working Draft, PROV-AQ: Provenance Access and Query
This document specifies how to use standard Web protocols, including HTTP, to obtain information about the provenance of resources on the Web. We describe both simple access mechanisms for locating provenance information associated with web pages or resources, and provenance query services for more complex deployments. This is the second public working draft. The changes focus on revising the provenance-service specification to provide better guidance to developers as well as introducing better naming conventions for the use of link headers in locating provenance. This is part of the larger W3C Prov provenance framework.
Data Citation Initiatives and Issues
About NISO Newsline
NISO's free monthly e-newsletter reports on the latest NISO news, highlights new specifications and standards of interest including calls for public review and comment, abstracts significant media stories on topics of interest to the NISO community, and links to news releases of NISO member organizations
Newsline is distributed via e-mail to subscribers on the first Wednesday of the month and is posted to the NISO website.
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