Moving is a mixed bag of opportunities and hassles. Just last week, NISO moved into new offices a bit north of downtown Baltimore. While having new and improved space with modern amenities will be a welcome change, the cleaning out process that comes along with moving can be simultaneously a pleasant refresh as well as a trial of culling old materials. It had been five years since NISO moved out of Bethesda and to Baltimore. Fortunately only four boxes hadn't been touched in that time, which I expect will be moved soon to our archives at the University of Maryland. However, many old files and project reports remain, much of which is kept for project history, learning from previous processes, and ANSI audits. Knowing what will be needed ten to twenty years (or more) in the future, is always an imperfect science—something those in the curatorial and archival segments of our community know well. We've also run into the expected preservation issues of several boxes full of 3½" floppy disks for which we no longer have computers with drives to read them, VHS tapes without a VCR to play them, and even some zip disks from the 1990s. We also found in the move some unexpected treasures, such as camera-ready paste-up boards of ISQ and old logos and graphics, which are more historically interesting than valuable. I sometimes wonder what artifacts the staff are now creating that will be of interest and use decades hence.
Among the things we found were materials from the series of e-book meetings that NISO co-hosted with NIST back in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Interestingly some dozen years later, NISO is continuing to lead these discussions and are putting the final touches on October's E-books Renaissance Forum. If you haven't already seen the program, we have added some terrific new speakers, such as Robert Darnton (Harvard University Libraries), Brian O'Leary (Magellan Media) and Nick Montfort (MIT). Be sure to register soon, as we expect the session to sell out. We are also planning to offer a streaming attendance option for those who can't make it in person. More details about that will be available later in August.
Despite the summer doldrums, the NISO working groups have been very active and we're pleased to announce major milestones for two projects. The first is the approval of the standard jointly developed with the DAISY Consortium: Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification (ANSI/NISO Z39.98-2012). This new standard, which will be published shortly, defines how to represent digital information using XML to produce documents suitable for transformation into different universally accessible formats. The standard is a revision, extension, and enhancement of Specifications for the Digital Talking Book (DTB) (ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005(R2012)), commonly referred to as the DAISY standard. The second project that reached a milestone this past month is the NISO/NFAIS project on Supplemental Journal Article Materials, which released a draft for public comment of Part B of their recommendations. This part of the project focuses on the technical issues related to distributing supplemental materials with journals. The public comment period ends September 15, 2012, so get out your editing pens for some enjoyable summer reading!
We at NISO are having a productive summer, and we're looking forward to an even busier fall with two in-person events and several more projects reaching completion in the months ahead. While we've been busy, I hope that you all are enjoying a peaceful summer!
New Specs & Standards
NISO and NFAIS Issue Draft for Public Comment of Second Part of Recommended Practice on Supplemental Materials for Journal Articles
NISO and NFAIS have issued a new Recommended Practice on Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials, Part B: Technical Recommendations (NISO RP-15-201x) for public comment until September 15, 2012. The Supplemental Materials project has two groups working in tandem: one to address business practices and one to focus on technical issues. The draft currently available for comment includes the recommendations from the Technical Working Group; the Business Group draft recommendations were issued earlier this year. Following the current public comment period, the two parts will be finalized and combined into the final Recommended Practice.
"The Technical Recommendations are consistent with the distinction made in Part A between Integral Content, which is essential for the full understanding of the journal article, and Additional Content, which provides relevant and useful expansion of the article's content," stated David Martinsen, Senior Scientist, Digital Publishing Strategy, American Chemical Society, and Co-chair of the NISO/NFAIS Supplemental Journal Article Materials Technical Working Group. "Integral Supplemental Materials essential for understanding the article constitute part of the scholarly record and should be preserved at the same level as the article. The recommendations provide guidance to ensure such materials will be available in conjunction with, and as long, as the relevant journal article."
"Ensuring effective access, use, and long-term preservation of supplemental materials to journal articles requires up-front planning about persistent identifiers, metadata, file formats, and packaging," explained Alexander ("Sasha") Schwarzman, Content Technology Architect with OSA - The Optical Society, and Co-chair of the NISO/NFAIS Supplemental Journal Article Materials Technical Working Group. "These technical recommendations for handling of supplemental materials simplify much of that planning and decision-making, and will also ensure a standardized approach across publishers and publishing platforms."
"In support of the recommendations, the Working Group has also developed a metadata schema, a tag library, and tagged examples," said Nettie Lagace, Associate Director for Programs. "This supporting documentation, which is also available for review during the comment period, should be very helpful to implementers of this Recommended Practice."
Recommended Practice on Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials, Part B: Technical Recommendations, the supporting documentation, and an online commenting form are available from the Supplemental Journal Article Materials Working Group workroom webpage. Publishers, authors, librarians, abstracting and indexing services, and repository administrators are all encouraged to review and comment on this draft.
August Webinar: Content on the Go: Mobile Access to E-Resources
The wide availability of ever-improving mobile hardware, software, and connectivity continues to affect the experience of information seekers, and to place new demands and opportunities on libraries and information providers. How can libraries and publishers provide effective new interfaces for collections to help a user base continually on the move?
Join NISO for the August 8 webinar Content on the Go: Mobile Access to E-Resources where speakers will explore many of the pressing questions about libraries' and publishers' interaction with and promotion of mobile technologies.
Topics and speakers:
Registration is per site (access for one computer) and closes at 12:00 pm Eastern on August 8, 2012. Discounts are available for NISO and NASIG members and students. Can't make it on the webinar date/time? Register now and gain access to the recorded archive for one year.
Visit the event webpage to register and for more information.
NISO/DCMI August Webinar: Metadata for Managing Scientific Research Data
NISO and DCMI will be holding a joint webinar on August 22 to discuss Metadata for Managing Scientific Research Data. The past few years have seen increased attention to national and international policies for data archiving and sharing. Chief motivators for this trend include the proliferation of digital data and a growing interest in research data and supplemental information as a part of the framework for scholarly communication. Key objectives include not only preservation of scientific research data, but making data accessible to verify research findings and support the reuse and repurposing of data.
Metadata figures prominently in these undertakings, and is critical for the success of any data repositories or archiving initiative, hence increased attention to metadata for scientific data -- specifically for metadata standards development and interoperability, data curation and metadata generation processes, data identifiers, name authority control (for scientists), Linked Data, ontology and vocabulary work, and data citation standards.
This NISO/DCMI webinar will provide a historical perspective and an overview of current metadata practices for managing scientific data, with examples drawn from operational repositories and community-driven data science initiatives. It will discuss challenges and potential solutions for metadata generation, identifiers, name authority control, Linked Data, and data citation.
Registration is per site (access for one computer) and closes at 12:00 pm Eastern on August 22, 2012. Discounts are available for NISO and DCMI members and students. Can't make it on the webinar date/time? Register now and gain access to the recorded archive for one year.
Visit the event webpage to register and for more information.
NISO Fall Forums Feature Data Citation and E-books
NISO will be holding two in-person forums this fall. First up is Tracking It Back to the Source: Managing and Citing Research Data, to be held on September 24 in Denver. Speakers will discuss several new initiatives to improve community practice on data citation and data discovery, including DataCite and EZID, ResourceSync, and DataONE as well as sessions on data equivalence and on data attribution and citation practices. The Opening Keynote will be given by Allen Renear, Professor and Interim Dean, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, whose current research is focused on issues in the development of formal ontologies for scientific and cultural objects, and the exploitation of those ontologies in data curation, scientific publishing and information system design. Early bird registration discounts are available through September 10, 2012. For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.
On October 18-19, join NISO in Boston for The E-Book Renaissance, Part II: Challenges and Opportunities, the follow-up to last year's successful e-book forum. Following a keynote by Nick Montfort, Associate Professor of Digital Media, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, presenters will include panel discussions on primary and trade publishers' e-book initiatives and on aggregators and platform providers; three library perspectives on providing e-books to patrons; discussions of end user tools, accessibility, and e-book devices; reviews of a patron profiles survey and the current state of DRM; and an update on the Digital Public Library of America. Early bird registration discounts are available through October 5, 2012. For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.
New SUSHI Client Available
Paul Needham, the liaison to the SUSHI Standing Committee from JISC, recently contributed a new SUSHI client, named SUSHIStarters. It is a free, "beginners," open source program with a web-based user interface to support the downloading/retrieval of COUNTER-compliant SUSHI reports, and consists of a series of webforms and guidance notes that "walk" users through the steps and parameters needed to connect successfully to the SUSHI servers and download the reports of a number of major vendors.
The client is configurable to make it possible to extend the range of included vendors over time. Installation and usage procedures for the client have been kept simple and documented to ensure its widest possible use. The SUSHIStarters code is available from cclibweb-4.dmz.cranfield.ac.uk/projects/sushistarters/downloads/
September Webinar: Understanding Critical Elements of E-books: The Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations
The NISO Digital Bookmarking and Annotation Sharing Working Group was formed following discussion meetings funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation held in October 2011 in Frankfurt, Germany, and San Francisco, CA. The group's goal is to develop a standard syntax for how bookmarks and notes should be located in a digital text, especially in online environments that might be continually updated or mutable. NISO's September 12 webinar, The Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations, will present perspectives on this initiative, with speakers covering its background, one approach to annotations serving as a high-level framework, and the need for standardized bookmarking mechanisms in practice.
Topics and speakers are:
Registration is per site (access for one computer) and closes at 12:00 pm Eastern on September 12, 2012. Discounts are available for NISO and NASIG members and students. Can't make it on the webinar date/time? Register now and gain access to the recorded archive for one year.
Visit the event webpage to register and for more information.
New Specs & Standards
ISO 14289-1:2012, Document management applications – Electronic document file format enhancement for accessibility – Part 1: Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF/UA-1)
The primary purpose of ISO 14289, known as PDF/UA, is to define an implementation of ISO 32000-1:2008 (Portable document format – Part 1: PDF 1.7) that provides a mechanism for representing electronic documents rendered in the PDF format in a manner that allows the file to be universally accessible.
Book Industry Study Group, EPUB 3.0 Support Grid New Updates
BISG posted a new version of its EPUB 3.0 Support Grid on July 13, 2012. Updates include new information from Infogrid Pacific's AZARDI reading system, as well as update to Google E-Books. Designed to be a handy reference to what enhancements and features of the IDPF's recently released EPUB 3.0 are usable on which device, app, and reading system, The Grid will be updated frequently to keep up with the rapid changes to e-reader and reading system technologies and capabilities.
California Digital Library, Unified Digital Format Registry (UDFR)
The University of California Curation Center (UC3) at the California Digital Library (CDL) has announced the availability of the Unified Digital Format Registry (UDFR), a new semantically-enabled, community-supported open source platform for the collection, long-term management, and dissemination of the significant properties of formats of interest to the preservation community. A deep understanding of digital formats is necessary to support the long-term preservation of digital assets, as it facilitates the preservation of the information content of those assets, rather than just their bit stream representations. A format is the set of syntactic and semantic rules that govern the mapping between information and the bits that represent that information. The UDFR is expected to become a key piece of preservation infrastructure of use to the international preservation, curation, and repository communities.
W3C Working Draft, Applying WCAG 2.0 to Non-Web Information and Communications Technologies
Describes how the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 and its principles, guidelines, success criteria and conformance model can be applied to non-Web Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), specifically non-web documents and software aspects of products.
W3C RDF Working Group, Two JSON-Linked Data First Drafts Published
Library Websites Adapt to Smartphone Growth
About NISO Newsline
NISO's free monthly e-newsletter reports on the latest NISO news, highlights new specifications and standards of interest including calls for public review and comment, abstracts significant media stories on topics of interest to the NISO community, and links to news releases of NISO member organizations
Newsline is distributed via e-mail to subscribers on the first Wednesday of the month and is posted to the NISO website.
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