The spring conference season has come to an end and we can finally ease into summer. Perhaps as we take a brief respite from the hectic pace of the past few months, we can also take stock of how much we have pushed forward through the first half of the year and some of the new opportunities that are before us.
A number of working groups have reached their last major milestone prior to publication. Two Recommended Practices—Establishing Suggested Practices Regarding Single Sign-On (ESPReSSO) and a revision of RFID in U.S. Libraries —were issued for public comment. Both groups are currently reviewing and incorporating the community input and final publication is expected this summer. Two standards-a revision of the DAISY Authoring and Interchange Format for digital content and the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) —were issued as drafts for trial use through late September 2011. Both standards are expected to be published later this year. Finally, two more projects will be releasing their recommendations this summer: Physical Delivery of Library Resources Working Group and the ERM Data Standards and Best Practices Review Working Group. I'd like to thank every one of these working group members for their diligence in developing these standards and recommended practices. Of course, all of you who take the time to review, comment, and improve these documents also deserve thanks for your contributions.
As some projects near their finish line, others are just taking off. During the recently concluded ALA conference, the NISO Architecture Committee met to discuss the organization's strategic direction over the next 18-24 months. The group agreed on three broad themes where we will focus our energies. The first of these is e-books. With the launch of the E-books Special Interest Group (SIG) we announced in May, NISO will begin engaging diverse communities and stakeholders in the work of building collaborations, research, incubation, and education related to e-books. I spoke about this new SIG during the NISO/BISG Changing Standards Landscape Forum during the ALA conference and a statement of intent is available on the NISO website. Slides from many of the presentations at the BISG forum are available now and videos will be posted in the coming weeks. The session was extremely well attended and the presentations were all first-rate. If you weren't able to join us, I encourage you to take a look at the slides and videos.
Also related to e-books, I am very pleased to announce that NISO has received grant funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to hold two standards development workshops on e-book annotation location, annotation sharing, and social reading (see the story below). The grant will support two meetings that NISO in partnership with the Internet Archive will host at the Frankfurt Book Fair and the Books in Browsers meeting in San Francisco. Both of these meetings will take place in October, on the 10th and 26th respectively and will be open to the community. See the story in this issue of Newsline for more information.
The second area of focus is the range of issues around research data, data sets, and the variety of non-text forms that are being integrated into the more traditional scholarly communications forms. Among the issues is how to best incorporate data and other non-textual forms into publications. NISO in partnership with NFAIS has been working on the topic of Supplemental Journal Article Materials and that group is making significant and rapid progress on their work. Several updates of that work were presented at several industry meetings including the Society of Scholarly Publishers where a video is available. In addition to the Supplemental Journal Article Materials initiative, there are several projects underway exploring data-related issues, including a CODATA project on Data Citation Standards and Practices and the NSF DataNet. NISO is doing outreach to these groups, which could lead to additional work proposals.
Finally, the topic of discovery systems and the development of these systems is another theme that is generating a great deal of conversation and buzz in the community. NISO's engagement in discovery technologies has been longstanding. As a new generation of discovery systems is evolving, discussion is underway about data sharing and synchronization, business practices, and usage metrics. Because discovery systems require significant interoperability and partnership among the players, working within a consensus framework to address community concerns will be critical to the efficacy of any resulting solution.
One last thing that deserves special note. During the ALA conference, Jay Jordan announced his retirement from his role as President and CEO of OCLC. Jay has been an active and visionary leader of the organization for the past 13 years and led the expansion and growth of OCLC's services. OCLC has been an active organization at all levels in NISO's work, from NISO and ISO working groups, up through NISO's leadership committees and even NISO's Board of Directors. This leadership in our work is directly tied to Jordan's commitment to serving the community. There will be a variety of recognitions of his contributions over the coming year while he transitions out of OCLC, but on behalf of NISO, we wish Jay all the best, and thank him for his contributions and service.
As always, if you have interest in engaging in these or any other topics we've mentioned, do email us at email@example.com. I hope that you enjoy your summer.
New Specs & Standards
NISO Receives Mellon Foundation Grant for E-Book Annotation Sharing Workshops
NISO has been awarded a $48,500 grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to fund two standards incubation workshops, which it will lead with the Internet Archive, on the topic of E-Book Annotation Sharing and Social Reading. These meetings will be held in conjunction with the Frankfurt Book Fair in Frankfurt, Germany, on October 10th, 2011, and the Books In Browsers Meeting in San Francisco, on October 26th, 2011. The Mellon Foundation grant will pay for the planning, organization, and direct meeting expenses for the two meetings workshops, for which NISO will conduct the majority of the planning, organization, and logistical support.
The two workshops will advance the discussions around the system requirements for annotation sharing-including technical challenges of citation location and systems interoperability-and around the development and implementation of a consensus solution for these issues. The objectives of the meetings are to provide input to a NISO-sponsored working group on scope, goals and any initial work the group undertakes; and the advancement of a syntax specification that will be further vetted by a standards working group for how bookmarks and annotations are located and shared in digital books.
Each meeting will include both invited speakers and breakout discussions, and participants will include technologists involved in the development of systems as well as librarians and scholars who would be the direct beneficiaries of annotation and social reading functionality. One goal of holding two meetings that are geographically diverse is to ensure that a world-wide community has opportunity for input and engagement on this issue, since the application of such a technology would be applied across the globe.
More information about the October meetings, which will be open to the public, is available on the NISO web site. Registration will open shortly; space is limited and a balance of representation will be sought.
Now Available: Spring ISQ Special Issue on Views of the E-book Renaissance
The Spring 2011 issue of NISO's Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) magazine with a special issue theme of Views of the E-book Renaissance is now available on the NISO website. ISQ Guest Content Editor, October Ivins of Ivins eContent Solutions has pulled together a broad range of perspectives on what is happening today with e-books and particularly with e-book standards. As she states in her introductory letter: "Our goal for this issue of ISQ is to present an overview of the status of e-books from multiple perspectives-publishers and other content producers, librarians, and the many vendors who support their creation, management, sales, and distribution. Not coincidentally, it also illustrates the scope of the NISO community."
Articles cover the topics of the EPUB 3 standard, the public library experience with e-books, an opinion piece on e-books in the academic library setting, standards in the e-book supply chain, Ebsco's plans for merging the NetLibrary product with the EBSCOHost platform, the new revision of the DAISY standard for e-book accessibility, and the recently announced NISO Special Interest Group on E-books. The issue concludes with Noteworthy news items such as JSTOR's foray into e-books, ProQuest's acquisition of Ebrary, the Project Muse and UPeC partnership to offer e-books, the trial use issuance of the Journal Article Tag Suite standard (Z39.96).
Both the entire issue and individual articles may be freely downloaded in PDF from the NISO website. Print copies are available by subscription and to NISO members who opt-in and will shortly be available in print on demand.
NISO Elects New Vice Chair and Directors to Serve Community
The membership of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has elected new leadership for the 2011-2012 term that begins on July 1, 2011. Bruce Heterick, Vice President, Outreach & Participation Services for Portico and JSTOR, who was elected last year and has served as Vice Chair during the current term, will become Chair of NISO for the 2011-12 term. Barbara Preece has been elected to serve as Vice Chair of the NISO Board of Directors. She will transition into the chairmanship in the 2012-13 term. Preece is Dean of the Library, California State University, San Marcos. She has been active in library and library consortium management for many years, and has written extensively in the area of patron initiated interlibrary loan and document delivery. She currently serves as a member of NISO's Board of Directors.
The following industry leaders were also elected to seats on the NISO Board of Directors.
These new members will join the following Directors who will continue their terms through 2011-12 in managing and setting strategic direction for the organization: Nancy Dupres Barnes (Independent Standards Consultant), John Harwood (Professor Pennsylvania State University), Charles Lowry (Executive Director Association of Research Libraries), Heather Reid (Director of Data Systems, Copyright Clearance Center), Winston Tabb( Dean of University Libraries, Johns Hopkins University). Janice Fleming (Director of Business and Planning at American Psychological Association) becomes the Past Chair and Bruce Rosenblum (President of INERA, Inc.) will serve as NISO's Treasurer in the coming term at the appointment of the Chair.
August Webinars: Management of Physical Library Resources and International Bibliographic Standards and Linked Data
NISO will be holding two webinars in August. The first on August 10 is Tangible Assets: Management of Physical Library Resources. Although access to digital information is ubiquitous today, there is still a very solid demand for material in physical form. Libraries spend significant time and resources in the storage, preservation, and delivery of physical items, which remain critical to the core library values of user access and resource sharing. Yet in today's financial environment, libraries must find ways to be more cost-effective, ideally without reducing service levels. Presenters in this webinar will discuss their recent efforts in making their work with physical materials as efficient as possible and share their creative solutions for managing these still-valuable library assets. For more information and to register visit, the event webpage.
On August 24, NISO and DCMI will co-host a webinar on International Bibliographic Standards, Linked Data, and the Impact on Library Cataloging. Speakers Gordon Dunsire, a freelance consultant with 25 years of experience working in academic libraries and ten years in digital library research, and Thomas Baker, Chief Information Officer of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, will describe the development of an Application Profile for the International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) to specify the sequence, repeatability, and mandatory status of its elements. They will also discuss issues involved in deriving linked data from legacy catalog records based on monolithic and multi-part schemas following ISBD and FRBR, such as the duplication which arises from copy cataloging and FRBRization. For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.
New on the NISO Website
New Specs & Standards
The Association of Educational Publishers and Creative Commons to Co-Lead Learning Resources Framework Initiative
The Association of Educational Publishers (AEP) and Creative Commons (CC) announced a partnership to improve search results on the World Wide Web through the creation of a metadata framework specifically for learning resources. A common metadata schema will make searches for educational resources more efficient and effective so educators can quickly discover the educational resources they want, including those they can reuse under Creative Commons licenses. AEP and CC will co-lead the project for the learning resources industry with AEP handling communication and CC overseeing the development of the technical specifications. For more information, contact schema@AEPweb.org.
ISO 19005-2:2011, Document management – Electronic document file format for long-term preservation – Part 2: Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF/A-2)
First edition of the international standard that specifies the use of the Portable Document Format (PDF) 1.7, as formalized in ISO 32000-1, for preserving the static visual representation of page-based electronic documents over time. [Note: Part 1 of ISO 19005 is the PDF/A standard for version 1.4.)
ISO/IEC 19788-2:2011, Information technology – Learning, education and training – Metadata for learning resources – Part 2: Dublin Core elements
First edition of the international standard that specifies metadata elements and their attributes for the description of learning resources. It provides a base-level data element set for the description of learning resources, from the ISO 15836:2009 Dublin Core metadata element set, using the framework provided in Part 1 of ISO/IEC 19788-1:2011.
MODS/MADS Editorial Committee and the Library of Congress, MADS Version 2.0 Schema
MADS version 2.0 is the first major revision of MADS since its initial release in 2005. Major changes in this version are: Elimination of dependence on the MODS schema, additional subelements under hierarchicalGeographic and recordInfo, addition of authority URI and value URI for controlled lists, addition of <classification> and <language> elements, addition of an otherType attribute on the <related> for relationship types not enumerated in the schema, and the ability to specify if a subject heading can be subdivided geographically. A complete list of changes is available here. MADS user guidelines are under development and will be made available soon.
W3C Call for Review: WCAG 2.0 Techniques Draft Updates
The W3C Web Accessibility Initiative announces a Call for Review of updates to two supporting documents for Web Content Accessibility Guideline (WCAG) 2.0. This is not an update to WCAG 2.0, which is a stable document. The following draft updates are available for review: Techniques for WCAG 2.0 Editors' Draft and Understanding WCAG 2.0 Editors' Draft. Comments are welcome through August 26, 2011; see Instructions for Commenting on WCAG 2.0 Documents.
A draft of the report from the W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group has been made available for public comment. The group was formed "to help increase global interoperability of library data on the Web, by bringing together people involved in Semantic Web activities-focusing on Linked Data-in the library community and beyond, building on existing initiatives, and identifying collaboration tracks for the future." This report is a draft of the planned "\state of the art report on the adoption of Linked data principles and perspective in the library domain and related sectors, leading to a clear and agreed view regarding what further standards and guidelines should be developed, and what organization should be set up in order to develop them." Comments can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Why is Everyone Talking about Linked Data?
About NISO Newsline
NISO's free monthly e-newsletter reports on the latest NISO news, highlights new specifications and standards of interest including calls for public review and comment, abstracts significant media stories on topics of interest to the NISO community, and links to news releases of NISO member organizations
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