One of the true joys of summer is sitting outside in the sun—or rather under the shade of a big oak tree along with SPF 50 and bug spray—and reading a book. While the form of that experience has changed (I have both an iPad and a Kindle) and possibly the frequency, the joy hasn't changed. E-books have become a tremendous force in our community and have begun to shake our industry in ways that leaders in our industry have predicted and are finally coming to pass. E-book sales have skyrocketed this year, with more e-books sold in the first two months of summer than the entire fourth quarter last year, despite the fact that the holidays are usually the time of peaks in sales. Amazon's announcement that their e-books sales have exceeded hardcover sales for the first time was touted by Amazon CEO, Jeff Bezos as a "tipping point" for e-books. It seems that I am not the only one that is foregoing print in favor of digital reading materials this summer, although the Book Industry Study Group (BISG) says that Hardcovers are Safe for Now.
E-books can be a challenge for publishers as they struggle with production changes and new business models. A Scholarly Kitchen blog story in this issue proposes that digital publishers learn from the software industry. Many publishers are testing new models for e-book distribution and production. Our story below on E-Books Fly Beyond Mere Text describes how a number of commercial publishers are taking advantage of the media to radically change the e-book from a copy of its print counterpart to a new level of multimedia. Two interesting projects coming out of the university press community are the Archaeology of the Americas Digital Monograph Initiative led by the University Press of Colorado and a larger Mellon-funded research project by NYU Press and Rutgers University Press. And not to be left out of the mix, Google has funded some humanities-related projects related to its book scanning efforts.
E-books in the right format can be life-changing for the visually-impaired as the stories on the IDPF revision of the EPUB standard and the Internet Archive's support for the DAISY Talking Book standard show. NISO and DAISY are in the midst of a revision of the standard that should provide even greater functionality for multimedia e-books. NISO is also participating in some e-book related standards efforts by the Book Industry Study Group.
The pace of standards development has continued this summer almost unaffected by the heat and occasional vacations. Helping us to maintain this pace, Anna Martin has returned as NISO's Program Assistant. She will help organize educational events, committee work, and support other administrative needs within the office. With her help, we'll be ready for an even faster development and educational pace this fall.
As summer winds down, I hope that each of you has an opportunity to enjoy a good book or two—in whichever format you prefer—in your favorite shady spot.
New Specs & Standards
E-Resource Management Forum – October 7 in Chicago – Register early for discount
NISO will be holding an in-person forum on E-Resource Management: From Start to Finish (and Back Again) on October 7, 2010, in Chicago, IL. The "start to finish and back again" of this event will take attendees through the various stages of working with an active ERM in your library. This event will benefit anyone who is interested in using an ERM for managing content and for interpreting data and making decisions based on that data. You will also learn about what to expect in the near future for ERMs.
Speakers and topics for the forum are:
Registration is now open; get the early bird discount by registering before September 24. NISO members and students receive a discounted rate. The event hotel, Holiday Inn Chicago Mart Plaza, is offering NISO event attendees a special rate for the night of Wednesday, October 6. For more information and to register, visit the event webpage.
August Webinars: Show Me the Data and a Joint Webinar with DCMI on Dublin Core and Linked Data
NISO will be holding two webinars in August:
August 11: Show Me the Data: Managing Data Sets for Scholarly Content
This webinar examines the state of the art in linking published scholarly information -- think journal articles -- to the data that supports the publication. In an area devoid of standards, pioneering work is being done by publishers, libraries, and repositories to address how to manage the datasets that support scholarly publications.
Speakers and topics for this webinar are:
August 25: Joint NISO/DCMI Webinar: Dublin Core: The Road from Metadata Formats to Linked Data
Created in 1995, the Dublin Core was a result of the early phase of the web revolution. While most saw the Dublin Core as a simple metadata format, or as a set of descriptive headers embedded in web pages, a few of its founders saw it as a cornerstone of a fundamentally new approach to metadata. This webinar will discuss the difference between traditional approaches based on record formats and the Linked Data approach popularized by the semantic web movement, and will discuss new technologies for bridging the gap between the two to solve practical problems of resource discovery and navigation.
Makx Dekkers, Managing Director and CEO of DCMI and Thomas Baker, Chief Information Officer, DCMI will address the following topics:
Both webinars will be held from 1:00 to 2:30 p.m. (Eastern) on their respective dates. Registration is per site (defined as access for one computer). NISO and NASIG members may register at a discounted rate. A student discount is also available. Can't make it on the scheduled date or time? Registrants receive access to the recorded version for one year, which can be viewed at your convenience. For more information or to register, visit:
Two-Part September Webinar on Measuring Use, Assessing Success
NISO will be holding a two-part webinar on September 8 and 15 (at 1:-00-2:30 p.m. Eastern time) on Measuring Use, Assessing Success. Although related, each part is independent so you can attend either webinar or both. If you register for both events at the same time, you will receive a 20% discount.
September 8, Part 1: Measure, Assess, Improve, Repeat: Using Library Performance Metrics
Practitioners of evidence-based librarianship will discuss and demonstrate evaluations of library collections and services using a variety of performance metrics. Metrics, when utilized creatively, offer many far-reaching applications and opportunities for demonstration of return-on-investment and proof of a library's value to its parent institution, as well as new responsibilities to continue to show relevance.
September 15, Part 2: Count Me In: Measuring Individual Item Usage
Libraries' growing awareness of performance measures has created an increased interest in and desire for fine-grained usage data. Now that electronic versions of books, journals, and other media inhabit a much greater percentage of many libraries' collections, usage data about individual book chapters, journal articles, sound recordings, motion picture scenes, etc. is within reach.
Registration is per site (defined as access for one computer). NISO and NASIG members may register at a discounted rate. A student discount is also available. If you register for both parts at the same time, there is a 20% discount. Can't make it on the scheduled date or time? Registrants receive access to the recorded version for one year, which can be viewed at your convenience. For more information or to register, visit the event webpage.
CORE (Cost of Resource Sharing) Publication Approved
NISO's Content & Collection Management Topic Committee has, based on the recommendation of the CORE Working Group, approved CORE – Cost of Resource Sharing – to be published as a NISO Recommended Practice. It will be available shortly on the Recommended Practices page of the NISO website. The purpose of the CORE specification is to facilitate the transfer of cost and related library acquisitions information from one automated system to another. Using the defined CORE XML data schema, this publication provides a common method of requesting cost-related information by a client application (an ERMS, for example) for a specific order transaction, a specific resource, or all resources that the library owns, within the boundaries of a payment period or access period.
The CORE Working Group was approved in June 2007 with a three-goal charter:
CORE was originally intended to be published as a NISO standard. It was released as a draft standard for trial use in April 2009. However, during the trial period, no implementations were put in place. The CORE Working Group concluded that although there is still high interest in this work, the lack of trial implementations was most likely due to the worldwide economic downturn and not a lack of demand from librarians or interest from vendors. Both the working group and the CCM Topic Committee strongly agree that making this publication available for use as a recommended practice will enable the work to be applied in the future as the economy picks up and as demand for the exchange of cost information increases. In order to help with the promotion and adoption of CORE, a Standing Committee will be formed to provide outreach and support of the Recommended Practice and to monitor its use, with the intention of reviewing the document annually for the first three years to see if there is use enough to merit moving CORE to a NISO standard. If you are interested in joining this committee or have questions about CORE, please contact Karen Wetzel, NISO's Standards Program Manager.
JAV Survey Update
This past June and July, a NISO survey aimed at repository managers, librarians, and journal publishers and editors was made available to learn more about the scholarly community's interest and engagement in journal article version metadata. The survey, designed by Lettie Conrad (Online Product Manager, SAGE Publications, Inc.) focused on the terms recommended in the NISO/ALPSP Recommended Practice, Journal Article Versions (JAV): Recommendations of the NISO/ALPSP JAV Technical Working Group. This recommended practice is managed by the NISO Content and Collection Management (CCM) Topic Committee.
The purpose of this survey was to better understand whether and how the recommended journal article version terms are used, and any technical limitations or obstacles that might result from adopting this recommended practice. Nearly 200 responses were submitted, about half from librarians, 20% from journal publishers, 17% from repository managers, and 13% from other stakeholders. About half of the respondents were familiar with the JAV Recommended Practice, and an overwhelming 96% felt that article version information should be provided to readers to distinguish between original author manuscripts, in-press releases, and final publisher versions; 92% felt that the version terms should be standardized.
The survey also asked questions about how standard version terms are being used now, who should be responsible for assigning this information, and obstacles to implementation. A full report of the results of the survey is being developed and will be made available publicly on the NISO website shortly.
New on the NISO Website
New Specs & Standards
ARMA International, BSR/ARMA 18-201X, Implications of Web-Based, Collaborative Technologies in Records Management
ARMA International is seeking public comments on this newly developed draft American National Standard that provides guidance for records and information management professionals using internally-facing or externally-directed (public or private) web-based collaborative technologies for records management purposes. The draft standard will be available for download beginning August 6, 2010. Comments should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org by September 20, 2010.
ISO 639-4:2010, Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 4: General principles of coding of the representation of names of languages and related entities, and application guidelines
This new international standard gives the general principles of language coding using the codes that are specified in the other parts of ISO 639 and their combination with other codes. It also lays down guidelines for the use of any combination of the parts of ISO 639. The terminology and general descriptions of ISO 639-4 are intended to replace corresponding text of other parts of ISO 639 as relevant in future revisions. Relevant metadata for the description of linguistic entities are given, as a framework for databases of linguistic data to support the ISO 639 series.
Developed by Jenn Riley and designed by Devin Becker, with funding by the Indiana University Libraries' White Professional Development Award, this poster graphically depicts 105 metadata standards and their strength of application on the axes of community, domain, function, and purpose. Also provided is a metadata standard glossary.
W3C Last Call Working Draft, Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG) 2.0
This specification provides guidelines for designing web content authoring tools that are both more accessible to authors with disabilities and designed to enable, support, and promote the production of accessible web content by all authors. This draft integrates changes made as a result of comments received on the October 29, 2009 Public Working Draft. Comments on this working draft are due on or before September 2, 2010. Comments on the draft should be sent to email@example.com.
Federated Identity: A Recipe for Higher Education
About NISO Newsline
NISO's free monthly e-newsletter reports on the latest NISO news, highlights new specifications and standards of interest including calls for public review and comment, abstracts significant media stories on topics of interest to the NISO community, and links to news releases of NISO member organizations
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Newsline is distributed via e-mail to subscribers on the first Wednesday of the month and is posted to the NISO website.
September Two-Part Webinar: Measuring Use, Assessing Success
Other Events of Interest
September 19 and 22
PREMIS Tutorial and PREMIS Implementation Fair
News from NISO Members:
New 20th Edition of Sears List of Subject Headings
A Guide to RDA Basics
UC3 to host Curate Camp 2010!
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