June is usually a busy month for meetings and this year is not any different. Perhaps the only benefit (for me at least!) is that many of the meetings are in the Baltimore/DC area, which makes the travel schedule a bit more bearable. My travel actually started in earnest last month, with the BISG Making Information Pay meeting in New York, the ISO TC 46 meeting in Kenya and the Society for Scholarly Publishing (SSP) meeting in Baltimore. And earlier this week, NISO hosted a seminar on Performance Measures & Assessment, part of our ongoing educational programs. A short report of the ISO meeting is in this issue of Newsline. A report on the BISG meeting will be in the spring issue of ISQ and slide presentations from the Performance Measures forum are available on the event webpage.
There are a number of upcoming meetings where NISO projects will be prominent, including the NASIG, ALA, SLA, and AAUP programs. The details are on the NISO events webpage. Also, please join us at a free ALA pre-meeting seminar Friday afternoon, July 10 in Chicago co-hosted by BISG on the Changing Standards Landscape of Ebooks.
During the SSP meeting last week, there was a sense that our community has reached something of a tipping point. With the twin pressures of the economic situation and the impact of digital publishing and Web 2.0 on distribution of scholarly information, our community seems poised for some radical transformations. Few organizations are going to be able to continue in their present form with budget pressures according to Charles Lowry from ARL in an SSP plenary talk. Charles described some survey results they have gathered in which more than a third of ARL members are facing budget cuts of 10% or more. The impact will certainly be felt in the publishing world, because as Mike Poulin at Colgate described during his presentation at the NISO Performance Measures meeting a few days later: "The role [of the library] is not to support the publication of unused material [through subscriptions]."
Publishers also have to contend with the pressures of institutional repositories, author deposit mandates at the institutional and national levels, and with authors simply publishing materials to their own blogs and other Web 2.0 media. How the next generation of scholars and authors choose to build their communities and share the results of their work could radically transform both traditional publishers and libraries from how we have known them.
Several NISO projects have made great strides recently. An important development related to SUSHI is the release by Serials Solutions of open source code for a SUSHI client that has already been tested with SUSHI servers at ProQuest, CSA, and Chadwyck-Healey, and can be adapted for other servers. The KBART group's recommended practice is nearing finalization, as is a white paper on metadata in the book supply chain. For the latest update on NISO's working groups, see the Special Supplement to this issue of Newsline.
For those of you interested in following my thoughts-both about our community and activities, as well as other musings of my own-on a somewhat regular basis, you can follow my twitter feed. I'll be tweeting about NASIG, SLA, and ALA in the coming weeks, as well as whatever interesting happens along the way. I hope to see you in the coming weeks at one of the many events I mentioned.
New Specs & Standards
June Webinar: Library Systems & Interoperability: Breaking Down Silos
In today's information environment, libraries work with a slew of systems from different vendors to manage, develop, distribute, and track their resources, and to provide rich navigational and discovery tools to the end users. Data needs to be re-used in multiple places and continually synchronized. Records from one system must link seamlessly to records in another.
Key to making this work effectively is interoperability. And standards are critical to successful, cost effective, and vendor-neutral interoperability. This webinar will provide a sampling of new work that is taking place to enable information about library resources to be shared between systems.
Topics to be covered include:
Due to the ALA conference, no NISO webinar will be held in July. See the Newsline calendar and the NISO events webpage for our webinars for the remainder of the year and join us in Boston for our forum on Library Resource Management Systems.
NISO@ALA: Forum with BISG and NISO Standards Update
NISO and the Book Industry Study Group (BISG) are holding their third annual free forum on The Changing Standards Landscape prior to the ALA Annual Conference in Chicago. This year's forum, scheduled for Friday, July 10 from 12:30 - 4:00 p.m., will focus on standards initiatives and needs in the e-book marketplace.
Scheduled sessions and speakers for the forum are:
For more information, visit the NISO/BISG Forum event webpage No registration is required for this free forum, but prospective attendees are asked to RSVP online at www.niso.org/contact.
NISO will also be holding a Standards Update session at ALA on July 12 from 1:30-3:30 p.m. On the agenda are Oliver Pesch, with an update about NISO Board activities, and presentations from the Architecture Committee and the three Topic Committees. These committees set the direction for all of NISO's work and manage the portfolio of standards, recommended practices, and work in development. They will provide a review of work underway and discuss the 2009 goals and future directions.
AVIAC, NISO's Automation Vendors Information Advisory Committee will be meeting on Friday, July 10 from 4:00 - 5:00 p.m. This is an open meeting and no registration is required.
More information on these meetings and other standards-related sessions at ALA can be found on the NISO@ALA Annual 2009 webpage.
Be sure to stop in and visit NISO at Booth #931.
ISO TC46 Nairobi Meeting Report
Every year in May, the ISO Technical Committee (TC) 46 on Information and Documentation holds its plenary meeting. In addition to the over-arching TC, the separate subcommittees—SC4 (inter-operability), SC 8 (statistics and performance measures), SC 9 (identifiers) and SC 11(records management)—also have the opportunity to meet. NISO coordinates sending a U.S. delegation to the meetings to participate in the plenary meetings as well as the various working groups that meet throughout the week.
This year's meeting of TC 46 was held in Nairobi, Kenya, hosted by the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS). Because of the difficulties of travel to Kenya and the associated costs in today's tight budget environment, the meeting was relatively small compared to previous years. It was, however, a productive meeting.
This year was the first with new leadership of TC 46, which is managed by AFNOR, the French national standards body. Françoise Pellé has been appointed chairperson of TC 46 and Katell Gueguen was appointed by AFNOR as the new Secretary. Françoise Pellé serves the community as Director of the ISSN International Centre and has long been an active leader in international-standards work in our community. Katell Gueguen is a Standardization Project Manager within AFNOR and has a background in libraries. Both are off to a great start in their new roles leading the work of TC 46.
Among its portfolio of work, TC 46 manages the standards for international country and language identification codes, which are critical to industry and government. One important development relates to overlap between TC 37 (Terminology) and TC 46 on the topic of language codes that are defined in ISO 639. TC37 is planning to transform and/or merge all parts of ISO 639 into a single database standard under its auspices. TC 46 has requested that its member bodies nominate experts to participate in the current working group within TC 37 and to review the work done thus far. TC 46 has also undertaken work to revise ISO 11799, which specifies the characteristics of general-purpose repositories used for the long-term storage of archive and library materials.
Although SC 4 and SC 8 did not meet during the plenary week in Nairobi, SC 9 and SC 11 held both working group and plenary meetings. The SC 11 group was most active, with seven of the working groups meeting in addition to their plenary including: Metadata for records, digital records preservation, records management systems, records digitization, risk assessment, and conversion and migration. The SC 9, which is managed by ANSI/NISO as Secretariat, held two meetings in addition to their plenary, the identifiers interoperability group and the International Standard Name Identifier working group. The interoperability group has launched a new ad hoc project to develop a semantic mapping of the metadata linkages between the SC 9 identifiers (ISBN, ISSN, ISMN, ISTC, DOI, ISNI, etc.) The goal of that work is to provide a seamless framework which content providers, distributors, sellers, and libraries can all use to identify and interlink the various instances and expressions of a work in the marketplace. There are a lot of ISO projects, which are headed for Draft International Standard ballots later this fall, now that a number of legal and policy questions regarding the registration authorities are nearly settled.
The next meeting of TC 46 will be held in Korea at the invitation of KATS, the Korean national standards body the week of May 17-21, 2010. Sam Oh, the Chairman of SC 9 and professor of information sciences Sungkyunkwan University, is arranging the details with the support of his Korean colleagues.
A more detailed report on TC46 meeting week in Nairobi will be published in the Summer 2009 issue of Information Standards Quarterly.
NISO Standards in Development Update: Special Supplement
View the special supplement to this issue for an update on the work in development of NISO's Topic Committees and Working Groups. Upcoming events where a particular project will be presented and discussed are highlighted. See also the mentions of a number of new work items that are under consideration or are expected to be proposed. Contacts for each project are provided along with links to the public workrooms and webpages for further information. There's a lot going on—check out the status of CORE, SUSHI, SERU, I², ONIX-PL, KBART, and more.
New on the NISO Website
New Specs & Standards
DCMI Recommended Resource, Guidelines for Dublin Core Application Profiles
The guideline, which revises the original November 2003 version, "explains the key components of a Dublin Core Application Profile and walks through the process of developing a profile." Application profiles specify the use of metadata in a particular application.
IDEA Alliance, PRISM 2.1 Specification
This minor revision to the Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata (PRISM) specification adds a new namespace for usage rights and a Rights Guide that provides an XML Rights Model, which can be used as a starting point for the implementation of a Digital Rights Management system.
ISO 8459:2009, Information and documentation – Bibliographic data element directory for use in data exchange and enquiry
This standard revises and merges the five separate parts of this standard previously issued between 1988 and 2002. The consolidated standard "specifies and describes data elements required in the interchange of data between bibliographic systems" to serve as a foundation for enabling interoperability.
ISO 28500:2009, Information and documentation – WARC file format
First edition of the standard that describes a format for concatenating multiple date objects, such as the multiple resources in a website, into one long file. Although designed for web archiving, the format is also usable for more general applications.
Fedora Commons and DSpace Foundation Join Together to Create DuraSpace™ Organization
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NISO's free monthly e-newsletter reports on the latest NISO news, highlights new specifications and standards of interest including calls for public review and comment, abstracts significant media stories on topics of interest to the NISO community, and links to news releases of NISO member organizations
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June 3- 7
Asheville, N. Carolina
1:00 - 2:30 p.m. (Eastern)
Technical Standards Update
1:30 - 3:00 p.m.
E-Books: A Rapidly Evolving Marketplace
1:00 - 2:30 p.m.
E-Resources Licensing: The Good, The Bad, The Ugly
1:00 - 2:30 p.m. (Eastern)
NISO @ ALA Conference
12:30 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Hyatt Regency Chicago
4:00 -5:00 p.m.
Sheraton Chicago, Mississippi Room
McCormick Place West 193b
Other Events of Interest
1:00 p.m. - 2:00 p.m.
San Francisco, California
International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications
News from NISO Members:
Vital Pathways for Hospital Librarians: Addressing the Hospital's Information and Training Needs: White Paper [Medical Library Association]
University of Calgary and BMJ Sign On for the Summon™ Unified Discovery Service [Serials Solutions]
New Partners Added to VIAF Project
Denver Public Schools (CO) Goes Live with Encore
Three New Encore Installations on Two Continents
National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections Celebrates 50th Anniversary
Twelve Libraries Launch Encore 3.0
Redeemer University College Selects V-smart
Copyright © 2009 National Information Standards Organization
Newsline editor: Cynthia Hodgson
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