May 2008 |
There are many people in this community who have contributed greatly to the structures and organizations that exist today. Few however have done as much, for as long, as the soon-to-be-retiring Executive Director of the Association of Research Libraries, Duane Webster. For more than three and a half decades, Mr. Webster has been a driving force behind nearly every aspect of the exchange of scholarly information. Columbia University hosted a symposium in Mr. Webster's honor last month and I had the opportunity to attend. One does not often get the opportunity to reflect on the state of our community as it has developed over the span of decades and the contributions of one organization and its leadership.
ARL has blossomed under Mr. Webster's leadership, not only growing its membership, but also its scope and reach. With the founding of CNI, SPARC, the Copyright Alliance, as well as LIBQUAL, OLMS, and numerous diversity initiatives, ARL has contributed to librarianship well beyond the relatively small community of ARL member libraries. This is equally true of the leadership of ARL member libraries' participation in standards development work—ARL was among the founding members of NISO back in the 1930s.
Please join me in congratulating Mr. Webster on his lifetime of achievement and contributions to our community. We wish him all the best in his retirement.
I would also like to welcome Charles Lowry as the incoming Executive Director of ARL. Mr. Lowry had previously served as Dean of Libraries and professor at the College of Information Sciences at the University of Maryland. We all wish him the best in his new role, and look forward to his leadership of this important organization.
It is interesting to juxtapose the work and accomplishments of the research library community with that of the publishing world, through the STM meeting that I attended just the day before heading up to Columbia University. Both communities have been dealing with drastic, transformative changes in every respect of its operations, from staff skills to infrastructure, and from user expectations to underlying legal frameworks. Each has had to address critical questions about their roles and the services they provide. Of course, as these transitions have taken place, the roles and responsibilities are shifting and merging in some respects. It will be critical that the two groups work cooperatively to address common issues of concern. NISO has played and will continue to provide an open and neutral space where questions such as preservation, metadata, interoperability, and business structures can be resolved.
Springtime is always a busy part of the year as you will notice from the breadth of topics in this issue of Newsline as well as in NISO's upcoming event calendar. And next month we plan to issue Newsline with a new look to match NISO's new website.
|New Specs and Standards|
- NISO Session on Metadata Will Lead into NASIG Conference
On June 4, NISO will hold a one-day forum on Metadata in a Digital Age: New Models of Creation, Discovery, and Use before the opening of the North American Serials Interest Group (NASIG) conference, June 5-8 in Phoenix, AZ. This session will cover the role that metadata plays in the lifecycle of content, from publisher to end user, including looking at the shifting bibliographic supply chain, various needs that metadata answers, and questions around exchange processes and how different metadata is used.
NASIG incoming president Jill Emery said, "NASIG welcomes this opportunity to partner with NISO by bringing their insights and standards development together with NASIG's 2008 Annual Conference: Taking the Sting out of Serials. Our conference this year is focused on finding best practices for serials management, and NASIG is excited to invite NISO to present a rich pre-conference program reflecting their commitment to help make all information management easier and more reliable through standards application. NASIG hopes that this collaboration will lead to more such programs in the future." Emery is Head of Acquisitions at the University of Texas Libraries.
Speakers at the NISO pre-conference forum include:
Additional presenters are being finalized. Visit the NASIG conference site for registration, hotel information, and more.
- Kevin Cohn, Director of Client Services, Atypon Systems, Inc.
- Tiffany Coker, Director, Product Management, ScholarOne, Thomson Reuters
- Les Hawkins, Serial Record Division, Library of Congress
- Helen Henderson, Managing Director of Information Power, Ringgold
- Regina Reynolds, Head, U.S. ISSN Center, National Serials Data Program, Library of Congress
- Steven C. Shadle, Serials Access Librarian, University of Washington
The NISO Metadata forum is generously sponsored by Swets Information Services.
- NISO/BISG Session at BookExpo America
If you're planning to attend BookExpo America (BEA) in Los Angeles, be sure to stop by the NISO/BISG session, Bridging the Gap Between Publishers and Libraries: Standards to Help Manage Licenses and Use to be held on May 31, 2008 from 10:30 - 11:30 a.m.
As delivery of information has moved to a digital environment, the sales process is no longer as simple as purchase order, shipping, and receipt of a printed document. Much of how information is exchanged from a publisher to a library and its users is governed by licenses. As licenses proliferate in our community, the management of the rights and requirements that have been agreed to is a growing burden, and can impact how quickly and easily content can be purchased and accessed. The publishing and library communities are participating in a number of initiatives to help simplify and make accessible information relating to contractual rights and responsibilities, both internally and externally, and to help speed the sales cycle and delivery of content.
This session will include updates on the Shared E-Resources Understanding (SERU), the ONIX system for Publication Licenses (ONIX-PL), the Automated Content Access Protocol (ACAP), and the Electronic Resource Management Initiative (ERMI).
- NISO @ ALA Annual
NISO will be hosting four sessions at the ALA Annual Conference in Anaheim:
Be sure to stop by the NISO booth #1497. We look forward to seeing you in Anaheim!
- NISO/BISG pre-conference forum: The Changing Standards Landscape. Get the latest update on standards affecting both libraries and publishers. Friday, June 27, 12:00-4:00 p.m. at the Anaheim Convention Center, Room 304 A/B.
- NISO AVIAC (Automation Vendors Information Advisory Committee) Meeting: Friday, June 27, 4:00-5:00 p.m. at the Hilton in the Manhattan Room.
- NISO Update: Sunday, June 29, 1:30-3:00 p.m. at the Hilton Anaheim in the Capistrano Room.
- Z39.7 Advisory Committee Meeting (members only), Monday, June 30, 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. at the Hilton Anaheim in the Exec Board Room.
- New NISO Initiative on Cost of Resource Exchange at Ballot
A review ballot by NISO voting members is underway for a proposed new initiative on Cost of Resource Exchange (CORE). If approved, a working group will be formed to develop a standard protocol to facilitate the exchange of cost, fund, vendor, and invoice information between Integrated Library Systems (ILS) and Electronic Resource Management Systems (ERMS). This project is under the purview of the NISO Business and Information Topic Committee.
In anticipation of forming a working group, the proposal is being made available to the public for download. Interested parties in either participating on the working group or in being on an e-mail "interest" group list should contact Karen Wetzel, NISO's Standards Program Manager.
- In Brief
- The Knowledge Base and Related Tools (KBART) Working Group, chaired by Charlie Rappel (Publishing Technology plc) and Peter McCracken (Serials Solutions) has begun their work on a recommended practice to effect smoother interaction between members of the knowledge base supply chain. You can follow their activities on the KBART webpage or subscribe to the interest group e-mail list.
- Grace Agnew (Rutgers) and Tina Fieck (consultant) have been named as the Chairs for the new Institutional Identifiers working group. The working group members are being finalized and will be announced shortly. For more information, view the project proposal.
- Version 2 of the NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) (Z39.83) is being readied for a ballot by NISO voting members.
- The Digital Library & Collections Thought Leader meeting will be held June 17, 2008 in Baltimore, MD, with Judy Luther as facilitator. NISO convenes Thought Leader meetings with a group of experts on a particular topic to identify potential areas where NISO can lead a standards-based or recommended practice solution to recognized barriers.
|New Specs and Standards
- COUNTER Code of Practice for Journals and Databases Draft Release 3 Available for Comment
The new release is intended to improve further the reliability of the COUNTER usage reports by incorporating new protocols designed to mitigate the potentially inflationary effects on usage statistics of federated search engines, internet robots, crawlers, etc.; provide tools that will facilitate the consolidation, management and analysis of the COUNTER usage statistics; improve the COUNTER usage reports for library consortia; and improve the reporting of the usage of journal archives. Available for comment through May 31, 2008.
- ISO/IEC 10995:2008, Information technology – Digitally recorded media for information interchange and storage – Test method for the estimation of the archival lifetime of optical media
Specifies an accelerated aging test method for estimating the life expectancy for the retrievability of information stored on recordable or rewritable optical disks. This test includes details on the following formats: DVD-R/-RW/-RAM, +R/+RW. The methodology includes only the effects of temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH).
- ISO 9707:2008, Information and documentation – Statistics on the production and distribution of books, newspapers, periodicals, and electronic publications
Edition 2 of the standard that gives guidance on the keeping of national statistics to provide standardized information on various aspects of the production and distribution of printed, electronic, and micro-publications (essentially books, newspapers and periodicals).
- IEC 80000-13:2008, Quantities and units – Part 13: Information science and technology
Names, symbols, and definitions for quantities and units used in information science and technology—and where appropriate, conversion factors—are given. This standard cancels and replaces subclauses 3.8 and 3.9 of IEC 60027-2:2005. The only significant change is the addition of explicit definitions for some quantities.
- Unicode Consortium, Unicode Standard Version 5.1
This version update adds 1,624 newly encoded characters. A major feature of Unicode 5.1.0 is the enabling of ideographic variation sequences. These sequences allow standardized representation of glyphic variants needed for Japanese, Chinese, and Korean text. Some other features are: increased security in data exchange, significant character additions for Indic and South East Asian scripts, linebreaking conformance relaxation for HTML and other protocols, strengthened normalization stability, and new case pair stability.
- W3C Call for Implementations: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0
This Candidate Recommendation is ready for developers and designers to test in Web content and Web applications. WCAG addresses accessibility of Web content for people with disabilities and many elderly users, and is one of three W3C Web accessibility guidelines. WCAG 2.0 is designed to be easier to use than WCAG 1.0, and is more precisely testable, using a combination of automated testing and human evaluation.
Report Backs PDF Variant for Long-Term
ZDNet UK (04/24/08) ; Meyer, David
A report from the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC), a UK-based
not-for-profit organization, says Adobe's PDF/A is a reliable way of
archiving documents. The United Kingdom's National Archives, a member of
the DPC along with the British Library, supports the report, but says that
other file formats will still need to be monitored and considered as the
PDF/Archive format can only be a single part of a long-term archiving
policy. The report, "Preserving the Data Explosion: Using PDF," says, "the
development of PDF/A for long-term preservation of electronic documents is
a logical use of the file format" that can ensure the preservation of
electronic documents when combined with a comprehensive records management
program and formally established records procedures and policies. Report
author Betsy Fanning, Director, AIIM Standards Program, encourages the adoption of PDF/A
but cautions that although PDF/A may be the best choice today for
preservation of electronic documents, other file formats could emerge that
will better fit the needs of an organization. The report says that two
Microsoft formats—the XML Paper Specification and Office Open XML—are
Many More Than a Million: Building the Digital
Environment for the Age of Abundance
(Link to Web Source)
NISO Note: AIIM, the National Archives and Records Administration, and the British Library are NISO members.
CLIR Issues (04/08) ; No. 62
The impact of mass digitization-enabled scale in content on humanities
research and the systems or infrastructure required to provide scholars
with services and materials were among the issues addressed by a group of
digital humanities scholars and representatives of research and funding
agencies last November at a CLIR-hosted workshop. The workshop report
posed questions surrounding the issues of how traditional archival values
move into the environment facilitated by digital data and digital tools;
how the digital equivalent of relationships between author, tools, objects,
and readers is modeled and understood; the impact of interdisciplinary
research stemming from the enablement of or necessity for large-scale team
research; cyberinfrastructure requirements and dependencies; and the
factors that rationalize the cost of managing digital information. It was
determined that researchers will ultimately need services that can
personalize the materials with which they work, supplying intellectual
support that dovetails with the background and the momentary objectives of
a given user at a given place. Subjects recommended by the report to be
priorities for future work include the provision of analytical access to
the currently available Open Content Alliance book data, clarification and
comparison of the advantages and costs of book scanning with those of
transcription and markup of complex knowledge sources, improved
comprehension of how to relate high-value, domain-specific services and
data structures to services and structures that apply to all collections,
analysis of the education and training needed to develop tomorrow's
information professional, application of exemplary questions to the OCA and
similar open collections, and articulation of access functions through
which Google, Microsoft, and others can supply end-user services and
application-programming interfaces in situations where users lack access to
the original page images or other data in collections.
(Link to Web Source)
Section 108 Study Group Releases Report
InfoToday.com (04/10/08) ; Pike, George H.
A report urging an extensive number of changes to Section 108 of the
U.S. Copyright Act was issued by a panel organized by the U.S. Copyright
Office, in view of the challenges faced by libraries and archives in
managing and preserving digital material that the panel observed over the
last three years. Section 108 permits libraries to produce limited copies
of works for individual patrons, for interlibrary loan (ILL) purposes, and
for archiving and preservation without running afoul of copyright
infringement, but issues such as archiving of Web content, preservation of
both analog and digital works, and digital delivery of copies do not have
sufficient coverage. The Section 108 Study Group made its recommendations
while keeping in mind the maintenance of archives and libraries' role of
preserving knowledge as the basis of new learning, and one proposal
involves the removal of the three-copy limit on duplication for replacement
and preservation purposes in favor of a "limited number of copies as
reasonably necessary," and the application of digital preservation rules to
published as well as unpublished works. A new category of "publicly
disseminated" works that includes copyrighted works transmitted by
broadcast, online streaming, or other electronic transmission was
recognized by the study group, which recommended that Section 108 be
revised to let libraries and archives generate "a preservation copy of any
at-risk" publicly disseminated work, which applies to any unique or rare
content that may be lost due to an unstable or short-lived medium or
format. Digital ILL was supported in principle by a series of conclusions
the study group made, including the finding that the library or archives
had to retain their responsibility as digital ILL mediators.
(Link to Web Source)
Chronopolis Project Launched Under Library of
Congress Partnership to Preserve At-Risk Digital Information
UCSD News (04/14/08) ; Zverina, Jan
The Library of Congress' Chronopolis Digital Preservation Demonstration
Project is a digital preservation data grid framework being developed by
the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California,
San Diego, the UC San Diego Libraries, the National Center for Atmospheric
Research in Colorado (NCAR), and the University of Maryland's Institute for
Advanced Computer Studies (UMIACS). A key goal of the project is to
provide cross-domain collection sharing for long-term preservation. The
partnership is intended to leverage the data storage capabilities at SDSC,
NCAR, and UMIACS using existing high-speed educational and research
networks and mass-scale storage infrastructure investments to provide a
preservation data grid that emphasizes heterogeneous and highly redundant
storage systems. "Chronopolis is part of a new breed of distributed
digital preservation programs," says UCSD librarian and principal
investigator on the project Brian E.C. Schottlaender. "We are using a
virtual organizational structure in order to assemble the best expertise
and framework to provide data longevity, durability, and access well into
the next century." The partnership calls for each Chronopolis member to
operate a grid node containing at least 50 TB of storage capacity for
digital collections related to the Library of Congress' National Digital
Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program.
(Link to Web Source)
Ad Hoc Encyclopaedia for the Information
NISO Note: Library of Congress and the California Digital Library are NISO voting members.
ICT Results (04/14/08)
As digital libraries extend their source information beyond text and images
to multimedia and raw experimental data, the hosting institutions are challenged
to provide the resources required.
The goal of the Diligent project is to tackle the processing challenges
posed by the enormous volume of raw data that virtual digital libraries
(VDLs) must contend with through the creation of a testbed to prove the
viability of VDL infrastructure on grid-enabled technology. A
grid-supported VDL would permit massive online data repositories to be
generated from distributed computing sources, but Diligent has also
established a system that blends digital libraries with grid computing to
deliver storage, content retrieval and access services, and shared data
processing capabilities. Diligent created an infrastructure through the
development of the g-Cube system, along with a pair of VDLs to validate the
infrastructure's functionality. One VDL was concentrated in the Earth
Observation community, while the other was centered in the Cultural
Heritage community. Through the Diligent system, scientists, engineers,
policy-makers, NGOs, and other experts or stakeholders will be able to team
up on an ad hoc basis to think about and exchange applicable information
around specific problems. "The system needs to be optimized to improve its
quality of service," says Diligent scientific coordinator Donatella
Castelli. "We need to develop a production infrastructure and deal with
issues like real infrastructure policies."
New Grant Program to Fund Cataloging of Hidden
(Link to Web Source)
CLIR Issues (04/08) ; No. 62
In June, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) will
launch a national program to identify and catalog hidden special
collections and archives. The program will use a national competition to
award funds, provided by the Andre W. Mellon Foundation, to institutions
with collections of high scholarly value that are difficult or impossible
to locate through finding aids. Award recipients will create descriptive
information for their collections that will be linked and interoperable
with all projects funded by the grant, creating a federated environment
that can expand over time. A 1998 survey by the Association of Research
Libraries of 99 North American research universities' special collections
found that 15 percent of printed volumes in special collections are
unprocessed or uncataloged, on average, with 27 percent of manuscripts, 35
percent of video holdings, and 37 percent of audio material being
unprocessed or uncataloged. "Only a national program can effectively
address the problem of hidden collections," says CLIR President Charles
Henry. The program will initially produce a basic registry of hidden
collections and archives, followed by a descriptive record of a subset of
collections that are deemed to be the most in need of cataloging and
(Link to Web Source)
NISO Note: The Association of Research Libraries is a NISO voting member.
NISO Newsline is an executive summary of noteworthy articles pertaining to information standards and is distributed to the NISO community each month.
Our editorial staff monitors nearly 7,000 newspapers, business publications, websites, national and international wire services, and other periodicals and summarizes significant articles into an easy-to-read summary.
Links at the end of each abstract are to the publisher, publication, or article. Some links may require registration or subscription.
NISO/BISG session: Bridging the Gap Between Publishers and Libraries: Standards to Help Manage Licenses and Use
BookExpo America (BEA)
Los Angeles, CA
Metadata in a Digital Age: New Models of Creation, Discovery, and Use
A NASIG Pre-Conference Forum
ALA Pre-Conference Event
NISO at ALA Annual
Resource Sharing Forum
Other Events of Interest:
May 19-23, 2008
ISO TC46 Meeting Week
June 17, 2008
International DOI Foundation Open Meeting: Resource Access for a Digital World
Offices of the European Union
August 8, 2008
IFLA Satellite Conference on RDA: A New Standard for a Digital World
Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
September 8-10, 2008
32nd Internationalization & Unicode Conference
San Jose, CA
September 22-26, 2008
International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications
Thomson Scientific Collaborates With Ringgold, Inc. to Offer Journal Analysis Database Expanded
Six Publishers Choose MetaPress for E-Content Hosting
National Library of Spain Selects SirsiDynix Symphony
Terremark to Host Web Site for New Library of Congress Experience
ProQuest's C19 Index Adds Index Records from LexisNexis
BioOne Releases New Model Publication Agreement
SAGE VP States Global Market for Reference Still on the Rise
HighWire Press Ramps Up Support for Publisher 2.0 with Two Key Staff Appointments in the US and the UK
Royal Society of Chemistry Enlists EMpact to Increase Journal Sales in Brazil via CAPES Consortium
Royal Society of Medicine Partners with EMpact to Generate Additional Revenues in Mexico, Central and South America, The Caribbean and Korea
MLA Presents Congressman David Obey (D-WI) with Award for Distinguished Public Service
National Archives Partner iPHOTOART Launches a New Web Site Featuring Images from the Archives
H.W. Wilson Announces Biography Reference Bank, Select Edition
SirsiDynix Docutek ERes 5.5 Released
Libraries Play a Key Role in Learning and Development
Universite du Quebec Chooses Ex Libris Primo Solution
North Dakota State University Selects Millennium
Library of Congress and History™ Announce Multimedia Partnership To Help Make Library's Collections More Broadly Accessible, More Compelling
Library of Congress and Saudi University Form World Digital Library Partnership
OCLC and Orbis Cascade Alliance to Develop New Consortial Borrowing Solution
ScienceDirect Upgrade to Boost Researcher Productivity and Efficiency
OCLC Offers Digital Archive Service for Long-Term Storage of Libraries' Digital Collections
Definition of Digital Preservation Announced
CrossRef Announces CrossCheck Plagiarism Detection Service
Hopkins Titles Win PSP Honors
National Archives Issues Statement On Web Harvest Of Federal Records
ALA to Unveil Redesigned Web Site at Annual Conference
LexisNexis and Interfax Sign Agreement on Alliance and Promotion in Russia of Unique Information Service
SirsiDynix Opens New State-of-the-Art Hosting Facility in Europe
Seven Colorado Community Colleges Select Auto-Graphics' AGent VERSO™ ILS Platform
H.W. Wilson Announces Nonbook Materials Core Collection
Thomson Innovation Enhances Intellectual Property Research with Business and News Information
SAA/ACA Joint Statement on Iraqi Records
SLA Announces Citation to Honor "Knowledge to Go Green" Champions
Canadian Points of View Reference Centre™ Now Available from EBSCO Publishing
Southampton Solent University Selects Several Ex Libris Products
Grand Valley State University (MI) Selects Millennium
Sheffield City Council Chooses SirsiDynix Symphony
2008 BioOne Publishers and Partners Meeting Presentations
Enhancements to Copyright Clearance Center's Rightsphere® Add Powerful New Rights Management Capabilities
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology Selects Millennium
Encore Libraries Surpass 100
World Intellectual Property Day Joint Celebration by AADC, CAPIF, MPA, Software Legal, UAV, Argentores and BSA
NLM Classification Updated
Library Journal Recognizes Three Gale Encyclopedias as Best References
MPAA's Glickman Lauds Increased Focus on IP Protections Online
RIAA Applauds Introduction of New Legislation Granting Greater Access to Creative Works
New ACRL Title: Copyright Policies – CLIP Note #39
SPARC and Science Commons Release Guide to Creating Institutional Open Access Policies
EBSCO Publishing Expands Shibboleth Authentication Service into Germany
2008 Be Innovative! Award Winners Honored at 16th Annual Innovative Users Group Conference
Over 1,600 Library Professionals Attend 16th IUG Annual Conference
NLM Honored with Internet2 Award
Polaris Library Systems Announces New Team Members in Research & Development and Customer Service
ARMA International Free Web Seminar: Compliance 2.0: How to Manage Enterprise 2.0 Tools
Library Assessment Conference 2008 Detailed Program Now Available
ProQuest Names John Law Vice President, Discovery Services
Deep Indexing for Key Springer Journals to be Added to CSA Illustrata
MPAA's Glickman: Bipartisan Passage Of Pro-IP Act Will Create Jobs For American Workers
Cambridge University Library Launches WebFeat® System Capable of Searching More than 300 of the Library's Databases
National Library of Morocco Chooses Virtua
SirsiDynix Announces Release of Web Reporter 1.5 for Horizon 7.4.1
H.W. Wilson Publishes Water Supply
EBSCO Strengthens Power of its A-to-Z® Locator Tool with New Knowledge Base Change Reports
Indexing: Creating and Maintaining Speed DVD Available at ASI Online Store
Oxford University Library Services Chooses MetaLib by Ex Libris
Liz Bishoff joins BCR as Director of Digital and Preservation Services