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Media Coverage
On Communicating Science, Technology, Engineering, and Medicine - Alan Alda Talks About Improving Scientific Communication

When one is deeply engaged in a topic it is often difficult to communicate that topic clearly to others. This is particularly pronounced when people communicate science or technological information. This situation is known as the cognitive gap in communication studies, meaning it is often difficult to explain a topic that one knows well in a way that people without the same level of competence, or even without any prior understanding of that subject, can understand.

Last week at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting in Chicago, Alan Alda was the keynote speaker and centered his talk on the importance of communicating science.

The Scholarly Kitchen
25 Feb 2014
Standards, Standards, Standards

In this episode, Scholarly Kitchen chef and NISO executive director Todd Carpenter talks about the importance of technical standards in scholarly publishing today, some upcoming things to watch for on the standards horizon, and how publishers need to infuse standards awareness deeper in their organizations.

Scholarly Kitchen Podcast
20 Nov 2013
Let's stop wandering the altmetrics grocery store

We can develop standard categories for the growing set of altmetrics to give us the right—i.e., best suited for our particular need—measurements of the type of impact for the research outputs at hand. As we discuss in the article Altmetrics in Evolution, published Tuesday in Information Standards Quarterly, PLOS embarked on an effort to renegotiate all its existing categories used in displaying its ALMs and forming the analytic infrastructure that power the journals' navigational tools. Timed with the publication of the article, this week we have launched a redesigned metrics tab that uses these new categories.

PLOS Tech Blog
01 Aug 2013
Interoperability and Its Role In Standardization, Plus A ResourceSync Overview: Slidecast from ALA2013

At the American Library Association meeting in Chicago last month Peter Murray gave a 20 minute presentation that was a combination of an overview of interoperability and standards plus a brief overview of the ResourceSync activity for the NISO Update session. Included in this blog post are the slides with a synchronized audio track.

Disruptive Library Technology Jester
20 Jul 2013
PREMIS and METS: (almost) everything you wanted to know about Preservation Metadata

Presentation slides include:
Preservation metadata: an overview - Richard Gartner, King's College London
A practical exercise in preservation metadata - Angela Dappert, DPC
Premis from theory to practice - Rob Sharpe, Tessella
METS is the answer (what was the question?) - Dave Thompson, Wellcome Trust
Using METS, a case study from Intranda - Steffen Hankiewicz, Intranda Ltd
PREMIS, METS and preservation metadata: emerging trends and future directions - Eld Zierau, The Royal Library, Denmark.

Slides from PREMIS & METS Workshop
23 Apr 2013
Splitting the Difference - Does an Editorial Mutiny at a Journal Do Much Long-term Damage?

Todd Carpenter discusses the joint resignation of the editors and editorial board of the Journal of Library Administration (JLA) over the copyright policies of publisher, Taylor and Francis. He reviews past instances of other journal editors/boards resigning and starting a competing journal and compares the journal impact factors of the competing journals to assess what impact, if any, this had.

The Scholarly Kitchen
10 Apr 2013
Everyone's a Player: Creation of Standards in a Fast-Paced Shared World

By Nettie Lagace, Marshall Breeding, Regina Romano Reynolds & Ning Han
"Nothing can function well without standards and best practices, including the information world. The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) works with the information community to develop standards and best practices to improve interoperability and workflow efficiency in a wide range of areas from metadata transfer to information retrieval. To ensure a community consensus, NISO brings every interested party into the process of developing standards and best practices through working groups. Current work and updates from two NISO-sponsored working groups, Open Discovery Initiative and Presentation and Identification of E-Journals, were covered in this presentation."

The Serials Librarian, 64 (1-4):158-166
08 Apr 2013
Is It Time for Scholarly Journal Publishers to Begin Distributing Articles Using EPUB 3?

Todd Carpenter discusses the advantage of EPUB 3 over PDF formats for journal articles and posits the time is right for publishers to begin moving towards use of the new EPUB 3 standard.

The Scholarly Kitchen
19 Mar 2013
Progress Toward Open Access Metadata

Discusses current state of metadata about open access articles and projects underway to improve the situation. These include: Open Access Spectrum guide, Vocabularies for Open Access (V4OA), CrossMark, and the new NISO project for Open Access Metadata and Indicators.

Serials Review, March 2013, 39 (1):1-2
15 Mar 2013
IOP Publishing endorses KBART

IOP Publishing endorses the KBART (Knowledge Bases And Related Tools) Recommended Practice, a joint NISO and UKSG initiative, as part of its commitment to supporting librarians.

IOP Press Release
22 Jan 2013
SUSHI: Delivering Major Benefits to JUSP

A full-scale implementation of the Journal Usage Statistics Portal (JUSP) would not be possible without the automated data harvesting afforded by the Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) protocol. Estimated time savings in excess of 97% compared with manual file handling have allowed JUSP to expand its service to more than 35 publishers and 140 institutions by September 2012.

Ariadne, Issue 70
05 Dec 2012
Revisiting NISO's "A Framework for Building Good Digital Collections"

by Mike Ashenfelder.
"The National Information Standards Organization provides standards to help libraries, developers and publishers work together. Their report, A Framework Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections, is still as helpful to organizations today as when it was published in 2007....In light of previous discussions on this blog concerning digital preservation initiatives, the framework guidance is still a significant resource for information professionals to consider. The identification of the four core elements associated with building a digital collection proves that the NISO framework guidance is as relevant and helpful today as when it was first published."

The Signal
22 Oct 2012
Applications of altmetrics allow for nuanced innovation in publishing

Interview of NISO executive director Todd Carpenter on data analysis and applications of alternative metrics in publishing by Jenn Webb.The digital transformation in publishing is bringing forth more than new reading platforms, gadgets and distribution options - it also brings a wealth of data publishers have never before had access to, data that can be applied to new marketing and production strategies, and used to help create more efficient business models.

As data becomes more and more central to publishing ecosystems, traditional methods of metric collection and analysis are proving insufficient. This need for new measurement techniques has given rise to a new metrics approach called "alternative metrics." I reached out to Todd Carpenter, Executive Director of NISO, to find out what's behind the changing data needs and more about how altmetric applications can benefit publishers. Carpenter will explore this topic further at TOC Frankfurt on October 9, 2012.

O'Reilly Tools of Change for Publishing
24 Sep 2012
The Basics Behind NISO's ESPReSSO Recommendation

Describes the the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) Recommended Practice titled ESPReSSO: Establishing Suggested Practices Regarding Single Sign-On. The document examines the current state of how library/institutional users are gaining access to protected content and explores some practical solutions for implementing single sign-on (SSO) technologies to provide a seamless experience for institutional users.

Front Matter, Issue 21
01 Sep 2012
An Interview with Todd Carpenter, Executive Director of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO)

Interview conducted by David Nicholson, Journals Publishing Director, Life Sciences and Alice Meadows, Director, Society Relations with Todd Carpenter, Executive Director of NISO about the organization and standards development.

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing News
28 Aug 2012
Creating NISO's Library Physical Delivery Recommended Practices

By Gregory Pronevitz and Valerie Horton
In July 2009, NISO formed a working group to develop a recommended practice on the physical delivery of library materials. Increased demand from library users for consortium and interlibrary loans has created corresponding costs for libraries to provide the services. Where libraries used outsourced courier services, their contractors were also impacted, often overwhelmed by the unplanned growth. Libraries also had difficulty in supplying the space and staff needed to process the materials. NISO's working group consisted of 11 members representing academic, public, and consortia libraries in the U.S. and Europe, and was co-chaired by Valerie Horton and Diana Sachs-Silveria. The diversity of libraries to be addressed by the recommended practice presented a challenge to the group but they established common principles to guide their work. A Physical Move section addressed issues related to labels, packaging, shipping containers, transportation, tracking, and reports. The growth in e-content raises the question of when and to what extent it will impact physical delivery needs. There is some speculation as to whether physical delivery has peaked. While libraries that instituted the capability for patron-placed holds continued to see some growth in delivery in recent years, the authors feel that the tipping point to declined physical delivery has begun, although the decline is forecast to be very slow.

Collaborative Librarianship, 2012, 4(2): 67-75
07 Aug 2012
PIE-J: A recipe for improved metadata about electronic journals

The purpose of PIE-J (Presentation and Identification of E-Journals) as a recommended practice is to encourage unification of how e-journals are described and identified in places like publishers' websites, databases, and citations, as well as making e-journals more easily discoverable by standardizing the presentation of information like historical titles and accurate ISSNs by format.

Insight & Outlook
20 Jun 2012
3M to Donate Copyright for SIP, a Key Library Communication Protocol, to NISO

In a move that could engender significant innovation for library self-service systems, 3M Library Systems will announce on Friday that it is donating its Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) to the National Information Standards Organization (NISO), which will now have responsibility for future development and ongoing maintenance of SIP.

SIP is the de facto standard for communication between library self-service devices and the wide variety of integrated library systems (ILS) that libraries use. It provides the crucial common language that makes possible such widespread functions as self checkouts, automated materials handling systems, PC management systems, or fine and fee payment transactions.

"We're very pleased about the partnership with 3M, a long-term member of NISO," said Todd Carpenter, NISO's executive director, adding that the arrangement was a very important sign of the stability of the protocol.

Library Journal
06 Jun 2012
Will Editing Mix Machines With Humans? Dan Cohen Ponders the Future of Publishing

During the opening plenary of the SSP Annual Meeting Wednesday, Dan Cohen provided an interesting perspective on what might the world of scholarly publishing look like if it were a "digital native" - it was an interesting vision of new modes of scholarly communication that are based on social media, alternative metrics, and some examples of how scholars may navigate the onslaught of digitally distributed content.

The Scholarly Kitchen
01 Jun 2012
Navigating the Ebook Revolution

It seems safe to assume that by the end of 2012, public libraries may be directing as much as 20% of their collection budgets to digital content. By the end of three years, it may be closer to 50%. That shift of resources, at a time when the budget pie itself is shrinking, will have one unsurprising result: The circulation of print will decline if we offer fewer print materials. That, in turn, will accelerate the shifting of resources.

There are many players in the rapidly changing publishing environment, and many issues for them to sort through. We can expect things will be chaotic and awkward for a while.

Meanwhile, it may be helpful to consider the thoughts and concerns of some of those players. Below, I talk to a reader, a writer, an independent bookseller, and an independent publisher. All of them are real people grappling with real concerns.

American Libraries
23 May 2012

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