Name Identifiers Webinar: Additional Resources

This page is a growing list of resources. If you have a resource you think would be useful to include on this page, please e-mail Karen Wetzel, NISO Standards Program Manager, at kwetzel@niso.org.

Name Identifiers Webinar: Event Slides
http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/document.php?document_id=3619
Slides from the March 10, 2010 NISO webinar, "What’s in a Name? Latest Developments in Identifiers," with presenters: Robert Wolven, Associate University Librarian for Bibliographic Services and Collection Development, Columbia University; Dr. Thomas B. Hickey, Chief Scientist, OCLC; Helen L. Henderson, Vice President, Marketing Research & Development, Ringgold, Inc.

E-Resources Preservation Webinar: Q&A
http://www.niso.org/news/events/2010/nameid/questions/
Questions submitted during the March 10, 2010 NISO webinar, ""What’s in a Name? Latest Developments in Identifiers," with presenters: Robert Wolven, Associate University Librarian for Bibliographic Services and Collection Development, Columbia University; Dr. Thomas B. Hickey, Chief Scientist, OCLC; Helen L. Henderson, Vice President, Marketing Research & Development, Ringgold, Inc.

Standards Initiatives

ISNI (International Standard Name Identifier)
http://www.isni.org/ 
A draft ISO Standard (ISO 27729) for “the identification of Public Identities of parties: that is, the identities used publicly by parties involved throughout the media content industries in the creation, production, management, and content distribution chains.”

ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID)
http://www.orcid.org
“The ORCID Initiative represents a community effort to establish an open, independent registry that is adopted and embraced as the industry’s de facto standard. Our mission is to resolve the systemic name ambiguity, by means of assigning unique identifiers linkable to an individual's research output, to enhance the scientific discovery process and improve the efficiency of funding and collaboration.”

Commercial Services and Tools

A number of proprietary systems for author identification have been developed by publishers, allowing authors to self-register and/or providing tools for uniquely identifying authors. Examples:

Community-based Initiatives

arXiv's author identifier system
http://arxiv.org/help/author_identifiers
arXiv introduced a new author identifier system in 2009, allowing authors who opt-in to have a public author identifier allowing records of their arXiv articles to be exposed for use in other services.

RePEc Author Service
http://authors.repec.org/about
Allows economists to register a profile in the Research Papers in Economics (RePEc) database.

Names Project
http://names.mimas.ac.uk/
A JISC-funded collaboration between Mimas and the British Library to establish requirements and a prototype system for a name authority service for UK repositories. Phase 2, through February 2011, aims to further extend the prototype system.

Linked Open Data Examples

New York Times
http://data.nytimes.com/#
About 10,000 subject headings (including nearly 6,500 for people and organizations) published as linked open data and downloadable as SKOS files.

PhysNet (Physics Departments and Documents Network)
http://fr.physnet.net/PhysNet/physnet.html
An information service under the auspices of the European Physical Society. The PhysNet ontology has been implemented as a semantic RDF database.

German Wikipedia use of PND
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilfe:PND
The German Wikipedia uses the PND-Nummer (Personennamendatei) maintained by the Deutsche National Bibliothek to link to author information.

Other Resources

RLG Networking Names Project
http://www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2009/2009-05.pdf
An investigation designed to identify “the necessary components of a "Cooperative Identities Hub" that would address the problem space in the research community and have the most impact across different target audiences.”

GEN2PHEN Researcher Identification Primer
http://www.gen2phen.org/researcher-identification-primer
A discussion of the potential benefits of unique identifiers for those working with Genotype-to-Phenotype data and research.

Scope eKnowledge Center Wraps Up Mega Author Database Project Comprising 15 Million Author Records (Press Release - 04 Mar 2010)
http://www.knowledgespeak.com/newsArchieveviewdtl.asp?pickUpID=9773&pickUpBatch=1383#9773
"Scope, with its proven expertise and experience in executing high volume abstracting and indexing projects, was entrusted with the task of developing a mammoth database of authors and their affliation addresses from a repository of 3.2 million documents."

VIAF - Virtual International Authority File
http://viaf.org/
VIAF is a joint project of several national libraries and OCLC. The project's goal is to lower the cost and increase the utility of library authority files by matching and linking the authority files of national libraries, and then making that information available on the Web.