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Comment #00655 - Proposing to introduce the <emphasis> tag - z39_96-2015.pdf (revision #1)

Comment 655
Addressed (Unresolved)
ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2015, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, version 1.1 (Revision 1)
Comment Submitted by
Soichi Tokizane
2016-08-31 15:47:31

View attached pdf for full detail with figures and tables.


Chandi Perera discussed at the JATS-Con 2016 meeting that traditional latin font modifier such as bold, italic or small capitals do not work in non-latin languages (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK355223/).  This is particularly true for Japanse, where authors typically use emphasizing marks (dots or sesamis) called, "Kenten", which is associated with each Japanese characters.  This was discussed at the JATS-Con 2012 by Soichi Tokizane (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK100380/) with examples.


Chinese also use emphases although they place them at different positions.



<emphasis> does correspond to <em> of HTML5, but includes other HTML5 elements such as <strong>, <i>, and <b>.  To make it more descriptive, @style-type attribute may be used.  Possible @style-type attributes are: "italic", "bold", "strikethrough", "dot", "sesami", "circle", "triangle", "line" or "hatched".


<emphasis style-type="italic">Z. mays</emphasis>

<emphasis style-type="strikethrough">old data</emphasis>

<emphasis style-type="dot" style-detail="open">?????</emphasis>


Optionally, you may use additional attribute, @style-detail, to further describe the detailed style of emphasis, e.g.,


The following table illustrates some of the values of @style-type and @style-detail attributes.

This proposal does not intend to replace the current tags such as <bold>, <italic>, <sc>, etc.  Rather it intends to open a way for international publishers to fully describe emphasis options in their contents.


Supporting File: Introducing the Emphasis Tag.pdf
Submitter Proposed Solution
Ms. B. Tommie Usdin
2017-08-31 08:52:23

The request for a generic element named <emphasis> is denied.

In order to meet the need expressed in the request, an additional attribute @style-detail, will be added to the <styled-content> element. By using this new element in conjunction with the existing @specific-use and @style attributes, the needed information can be encoded. For example, this element might look like this in use: 

<p><styled-content specific-use=?emphasis" style-type="dot" style-detail=?open? toggle=?no">?????</styled-content> ...</p>